X-ray Binaries

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Walter H. G. Lewin, Edward P. J. van den Heuvel, Jan van Paradijs
Cambridge University Press, 16 янв. 1997 г. - Всего страниц: 676
X-ray binaries are some of the most varied and perplexing systems known to astronomers. The compact object which accretes mass from its companion star may be a white dwarf, neutron star, or black hole, whereas the donor star can be a 'normal' star or a white dwarf. The various combinations differ widely in their behaviour, and this timely volume provides a unique reference of our knowledge to date of all of them.Fifteen specially written chapters by a team of the world's foremost researchers in the field explore all aspects of the X-ray binaries. They cover the X-ray, ultraviolet, optical and radio properties of these violent systems and address key issues such as: how were these systems formed, and what will be their fate; how can we understand X-ray bursts, and how the quasi-periodic oscillations; what is the connection between millisecond radio pulsars and low-mass X-ray binaries; and how does the magnetic field of a neutron star decay?This long awaited review provides graduate students and researchers with the standard reference on X-ray binaries for many years to come.

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Содержание

The properties of Xray binaries
8
12 Orbital periods
8
13 Pulse periods
18
14 Third periods and other modulations
25
15 The emission region
27
16 Environmental radiative processes
38
References
49
Optical and ultraviolet observations of Xray binaries
58
References
327
Cataclysmic variable stars
329
82 What multiwavelength observations reveal
335
83 The variability of CVs and its origins
358
84 The importance of magnetic fields in CVs
371
85 CV evolution
376
areas for future studies
379
References
382

22 Highmass Xray binaries
59
23 Lowmass Xray binaries
73
24 Neutron star and blackhole masses
107
25 The Magellanic Cloud sources
112
26 Triplestar systems
115
References
119
Blackhole binaries
124
32 Introduction
125
33 Description of the individual blackhole candidates
132
34 Xray spectra interpretations
157
35 BHC diagnostics
162
36 How many blackhole binaries are there?
165
References
166
Xray bursts
173
42 Characteristics of burst sources
175
43 Type I Xray bursts
176
44 Massradius relation of neutron stars
197
45 Theory of type I Xray bursts
199
46 The Rapid Burster 1730335
209
47 Models for the Rapid Burster
220
References
226
Millisecond pulsars
231
52 The general characteristics of millisecond pulsars
232
53 Spinup of neutron stars and the origin of millisecond pulsars
234
the standard model
236
55 Statistics
238
beyond the standard model
241
57 Pulsars in globular clusters
243
58 Future prospects
246
References
247
Rapid aperiodic variability in Xray binaries
250
62 Blackhole candidates
257
63 Z and atoll sources
272
64 Other sources
287
65 Overview and outlook
293
References
298
Radio properties of Xray binaries
306
72 Transient radio emission
311
73 Coupled radioopticalUVXray state changes
313
74 Radio jets and extended radio emission
318
75 Other models of compact radio emission from Xray binaries
322
76 Acceleration of relativistic electrons
324
77 Conclusions
326
Normal galaxies and their Xray binary populations
388
92 Xray sources in Local Group galaxies
389
detecting the upper end of the luminosity distribution of Xray sources
396
a very brief summary
402
95 Recent spectral results
403
96 The future
408
References
414
Accretion in close binaries
417
103 Disc structure in LMXBs
421
104 Disc instabilities
425
105 Tides resonances and superhumps
428
106 Spiral shocks
435
107 Coronae and winds in discs
436
109 Accrction from a wind
439
1010 Accretion on to a magnetic star
442
References
451
Formation and evolution of neutron stars and black holes in binaries
455
112 Origin and evolution of highmass Xray binaries
462
113 Origin and evolution of lowmass Xray binaries
474
114 Xray sources in globular clusters
484
115 Statistical considerations
486
References
490
The magnetic fields of neutron stars and their evolution
493
122 Estimation of the magnetic field
494
123 The origin and structure of the magnetic field
497
124 Evolution of the magnetic field
501
125 Possible mechanisms for field decay
511
126 Some consequences of field evolution
516
Appendix Interaction between fluxoids and vortices
518
References
519
Cosmic gammaray bursts
521
133 Time histories
522
134 X and gammaray energy spectra
524
135 Counterparts and lack thereof
525
136 Statistical properties of gammaray bursters
525
137 The great debate redux
528
References
529
A catalogue of Xray binaries
532
A compilation of cataclysmic binaries with known or suspected orbital periods
574
References
575
Object index
635
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