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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

ROBERT B. CHIPERFIELD, Illinois, Chairman JOHN M. VORYS, Ohio

JAMES P. RICHARDS, South Carolina FRANCES P. BOLTON, Ohio

THOMAS S. GORDON, Illinois LAWRENCE H. SMITH, Wisconsin

THOMAS E. MORGAN, Pennsylvania CHESTER E. MERROW, New Hampshire LAURIE C. BATTLE, Alabama WALTER H. JUDD, Minnesota

A. S. J. CARNAHAN, Missouri JAMES G. FULTON, Pennsylvania

THURMOND CHATHAM, North Carolina JACOB K. JAVITS, New York

CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin DONALD L. JACKSON, California

OMAR BURLESON, Texas KARL M. LECOMPTE, Iowa

BROOKS HAYS, Arkansas EDMUND P. RADWAN, New York

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, JR., New York ALBERT P. MORANO, Connecticut

EDNA F. KELLY, New York
MARGUERITE STITT CHURCH, Illinois HENDERSON L. LANHAM, Georgia
E. ROSS ADAIR, Indiana

BURR P. HARRISON, Virginia
WINSTON L. PROUTY, Vermont
ALVIN M. BENTLEY, Michigan

BOYD CRAWFORD, Staff Administrator
SHELDON Z. KAPLAN, Staf Consultant
ROY J. BULLOCK, Staj Consultant
ALBERT C. F. WESTPHAL, Staff Consultant
JUNE NIGH, Staf Assistant
WINIFRED OSBORNE, Staf Assistant
HELEN C. MATTAS, Staj Assistant
MYRTIE MELVIN, Staff Assistant
HELEN L. HASHAGEN, Stal Assistant

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CONTENTS

Page

LIST OF WITNESSES

March 11, 1953:

Efron, Samuel, Assistant General Counsel, International Matters,

Department of Defense---

Olmsted, Maj. Gen. George H., Former Director, Office of Military

Assistance, Department of Defense-

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security----

March 19, 1953:

Nash, Hon. Frank C., Assistant Secretary of Defense-----

March 25, 1953:

Merchant, Hon. Livingston T., Assistant Secretary of State for

European Affairs, Department of State_--

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security--

March 30, 1953:

Hansen, Kenneth R., Acting Deputy Administrator for the Mutual

Defense Assistance Control Act----

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security-

April 29, 1953:

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security--

April 30, 1953:

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security--

May 5, 1953:

Dulles, Hon. John Foster, Secretary of State..

Humphrey, Hon. George M., Secretary of the Treasury-----

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security------

Wilson, Hon. Charles E., Secretary of Defense-

May 6, 1953:

Dulles, Hon. John Foster, Secretary of State..

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security--

May 7, 1953:

Bradley, Gen. Omar N., Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff.----

Stewart, Gen. George S., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Department of Defense------

May 8, 1953:

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs----

Nash, Hon. Frank C., Assistant Secretary of Defense--------

Wilson, Hon. Charles E., Secretary of Defense -------------------

May 12, 1953:

Humphrey, Hon. George M., Secretary of the Treasury-----

May 13, 1953:

Merchant, Hon. Livingston T., Assistant Secretary of State for

European Affairs.----

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Department of Defense-----

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security----

May 14, 1953:

FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security---

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant to the Secretary of State for

Mutual Security Affairs, Department of State ------

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Department of Defense---

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security-----

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May 15, 1953:

FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security ---

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Department of Defense----

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security -----

May 18, 1953:

O'Hara, Brig. Gen. John J., Deputy Director, Military Assistance

Division, Headquarters, United States European Command--------

Ridgway, Gen. Matthew B., Supreme Allied Commander, Europe;

Commander in Chief, United States Forces, Europe.------------ 389, 419

May 19, 1953:

Danforth, Comdr. Paul, Department of the Navy---

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs.----

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant for Mutual Security Affairs, Of-

fice of the Secretary of State-------

445

Russell, Brig. Gen. Sam, Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4, foreign

military aid, Department of the Army------

453

Taylor, Col. Henry, Department of the Air Force-----

457
Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security---- 437

May 20, 1953:

Finlay, Gen. Luke W., Deputy for Defense Affairs, Office, special rep

resentative, Europe----

471

Halaby, Hon. N E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs----

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security----- 491

May 21, 1953:

Corbett, Col. J. B., Chief, Foreign Military Aid Branch, Office of the

Assistant Chief of Staff, G-------

558

Ernst, Roger, Office, Secretary of Defense-----

------- 511

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs.-----

-- 497, 530

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant for Mutual Security Affairs,

Office of the Secretary of State --

501

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense------

May 22, 1953:

FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security--- 560

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense---

576

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security

559

May 25, 1953:

Bailey, Frazier A., president, National Federation of American Ship-

ping, Inc.------

624

Finucane, James, associate secretary, National Council for Prevention

of War--------

595

Garnett, Gwinn, American Farm Bureau Federation ----

621

Hecht, George J., chairman, American Parents Committee; publisher,

Parents' Magazine ----

603

Henkins, Mrs. Clifford N., legislative chairman, National Congress of

Parents and Teachers (presented by Mrs. Edith Fisher, foreign

affairs member) -------

625

Kendall, Miss Elizabeth, Washington, D. C.

Kittrell, Flemmie P., Women's International League for Peace and

Freedom.---

593

Ogg, W. Raymond, international affairs department, American Farm

Bureau Federation ---

609

Owens, Thomas R., chairman, foreign affairs subcommittee, CIO legis-

lative committee_-----

605

Raies, Norman W., public-relations consultant, Washington, D. C.--- 628

Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, National Grange-

587

Smith, Mrs. David G., Midwest regional director, United States Com-

mittee for UNICEF---

638

Stone, Margaret F., chairman, Citizens' Committee for UNICEF-----

600

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May 26, 1953:

Page

Duff, Lt. Col. Daniel D., Office of Assistant for Mutual Security,

United States Air Force---

-------- 675, 710

Efron, Samuel, Assistant General Counsel, Department of Defense--- 710
FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security -- 676, 678
Jernegan, John D., Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near East-

ern, South Asian, and African Affairs, Department of State------ 712

Lourie, Hon. Donald B., Under Secretary of State for Administration,

Department of State-----

663

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant to the Secretary of State for

Mutual Serurity Affairs ---

724

Merchant, Hon. Livingston T., Assistant Secretary of State for Euro-

pean Affairs, Department of State ---

663

Morton, Hon. Thruston B., Assistant Secretary of State for Congres-

sional Relations, Department of State_-

664

Rodimon, Capt. W. S., United States Navy, Foreign Military Aid

Branch, Material Control Division, Office of Chief of Naval

Operations----------

710

---------------

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director', Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense-----

------- 674, 681

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security--- 665,

673, 678

May 27, 1953:

Andrews, Stanley, Administrator, Technical Cooperation Adminis-

tration ---

791

Dufr, Lt. Col. Daniel D., Office of Assistant for Mutual Security,

United States Air Force-----

748

Efron, Samuel, Assistant General Counsel, Department of Defense -- 749
FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security-- 754
Parelman, Samuel T., special assistant to the Assistant Secretary of
State for Far Eastern Affairs, Department of State--------

760

Robertson, Hon. Walter S., Assistant Secretary of State for Far East-

ern Affairs, Department of State_-.

729

Rodiman, Capt. W. S., United States Navy, Foreign Military Aid,

Material Control Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations----- 748

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense------

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security--- 729

May 28, 1953:

Cale, Edward G., Jr., Director, Office of Regional American Affairs,

Department of State --

848

Gardiner, Arthur Z., Politico-Economic Adviser, Bureau of Near East-

ern, South Asian, and African Affairs, Department of State_-

812

Radford, Adm. Arthur W., Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet 846

Sayre, Robert M., Office of Regional American Affairs, Department

of State------

849

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense------

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security---- 811

June 2, 1953:

Evans, Dr. E. B., president, Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical

College, Prairie View, Tex---

874

Ellis, Ray C., vice president, Raytheon Manufacturing Co., Boston,

Mass_-------

881

Ligutti, Rt. Rev. Msgr. L. G., executive director, National Catholic

Rural Life Conference-------

862

Miller, Dr. Raymond W., lecturer, Harvard Graduate Business

School ------

Reisner, John H., executive secretary, Agricultural Missions, Inc., New

York, N. Y.----

869

Shishkin, Boris, director of research, American Federation of Labor -- 883

June 3, 1953:

Andrews, Stanley, Administrator, Technical Cooperation Administra-

tion.

893

Griswold, Lawrence, editor, publisher of Background for Tomorrow

(field of foreign affairs)--

989

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June 3, 1953—Continued

Page

Kennedy, Donald D., Director, Office of South Asian Affairs, Depart-

ment of State.

935

Loftus, John A., Counselor for Economic Affairs, American Embassy,

New Delhi, India------

Long, Hamilton A., New York, N. Y-----

994

Peterman, Ivan H...

957

Smyth, W. H., Treadmiller Corp., New York, N. Y.----

June 4, 1953:

Andrews, Stanley, Administrator, Technical Cooperation Administra-

tion.------

1085

Byroade, Hon. Henry A., Assistant Secretary of State for Near East-

ern, South Asian, and African Affairs, Department of State-------- 1041

Cabot, Hon. John M., Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American

Affairs, Department of State-----

Cook, Richard F., Program Director, Institute of Inter-American Af-

fairs-----

1085

FitzGerald, Hon. D, A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security-- 1098

Gardiner, Arthur Z., politico-economic adviser, Bureau of Near East-

ern, South Asian, and African Affairs, Department of State------- 1015

Kersten, Hon. Charles J., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Wisconsin ---

1052

Loftus, John A., Counselor for Economic Affairs, American Embassy,

New Delhi, India------

1062

Nash, Hon. Frank, Assistant Secretary of Defense_

1045

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security---- 1062

Young, Kenneth T., Director, Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Depart-
ment of State ---

1049

June 5, 1953:

Boylan, Col. George S., Jr., United States Air Force-

1188

Corbett, Co). J. B. United States Army-------

1193

Eliot, Dr. Martha, United States representative of the Executive

Board of UNICEF..

1169

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs ----

------ 1182, 1185

Hall, Graham, special assistant to the Assistant Secretary for United

Nations Affairs (presented by Mr. Joseph S. Henderson, Bureau of

U. N. Affairs)--

1131

Henderson, Joseph S., Chief, Division of International Administra-

tion, Bureau of United Nations Affairs ---------

-- 1133, 1168

Martin, Elwin M., special assistant to the Secretary of State for Mu-

tual Security Affairs ---

1150

Milliken, Otis, officer in charge, United Nations Social Affairs, Bureau
of United Nations Affairs --------

1140
O'Hara, R. E., Office of the Secretary, Department of Defense ------- 1234

Russell, Brig. Gen. Sam C., G-4, Department of the Army----------- 1207

Schmeder, Lt. Comdr. C. E., Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, Navy

Department ------

1195

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense----

1207

Warren, George L., special assistant to the Assistant Secretary for

United Nations Affairs for Refugee Matters--

1143

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security. 1133, 1185

June 6, 1953:

Efron, Samuel, Assistant General Counsel, Department of Defense---- 1269

Eichholz, Robert B., General Counsel to the Director for Mutual

Security------

1255

Lowson, George W., Director, Division of the Budget, Mutual Security

Agency---

1244

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant to the Secretary of State for Mu-

tual Security Affairs --

1264

Murphy, John E., Comptroller for the Director for Mutual Security--- 1255

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security----- 1241

Charts -----------------------------

Maps-----------

Statements and memoranda submitted for the record ----

Tables.-

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