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are, at this time, more than a thousand applicants for the privilege of colonization, and thousands more are in a state of training for the same purpose. Ships owned by the different colonization societies have recently commenced making regular trips between the American and African shores, for the exclusive purpose of conveying emigrants; and the time is not probably far distant when steam vessels will be employed for this purpose. Each year's development of the fertility of the soil of Liberia, and the adjacent territory; of the value and variety of its productions, and of the ample resources of the colonies for securing the welfare of the settlers, and of their importance to the commerce and manufactures of this country, will continue to swell the tide of emigration until, with due aid from the national treasury, this tide shall exceed the annual increase, and then a rapid decrease in the existing amount of our colored population will ensue. And the hope, long cherished by the friends of colonization, that this cause will receive the patronage of our government, is not altogether baseless. The national government does now afford it its favor to some extent.
Mr. Buchanan, the newly elected governor of Liberia, has an appointment from the president of the United States as United States agent for the western coast of Africa, and a sloop of war has been recently sent to that coast to give protection to the American commerce there. In fine, the signs of the times, and the present circumstances of the colonization enterprise, are such as to afford every reason to believe that the emigration to Africa will continue to in. crease, and that the colonies will go on to flourish until they shall have grown into powerful states, blessed with freedom and the arts of civil. ization, but above all, blessed with the Christian religion, and all the heavenly influences which the gospel diffuses among the nations. Nay, the idea is far from being chimerical, that a new United States, before the close of this century, will have arisen in the land of the negro, stretching along a wide extent of coast, and extending their bounds far into the interior, beyond the mountains of Kong, and along the waters of the Niger, reflecting the religion, the intelligence, and the equal laws of our own nation, but not the injustice and cruelty which have so long oppressed their race. Five or six states of this Union have already colonies growing up under their patronage, and there is every probability that the list will soon be augmented. And who shall say that the colonization enterprise is not designed to become a mighty instrument in causing Ethiopia to stretch out her hands unto God? Who shall say that it is not destined to occupy a very prominent place, in the train of secondary causes, by which the Lord of all nations purposes to diffuse over the benighted continent of Africa the gospel of Christ? Who shall say that Providence may not make it a channel through which immeasurable good shall be educed from the vast evil of ages of oppression to the numerous idolatrous tribes who people the shores, and swarm through the interior of that continent ? Colo. nization will carry the principles of our free government to a country of savages and despots. It will establish free republics, on the model of our own, along the shores of a barbarous continent, which in the end will extend their influence and example over its whole extent. Colonization will carry the illuminations of science to a quarter of the globe enshrouded in the shades of an intellectual midnight. And, far more than all, it will carry the gospel and salvation to extensive and populous heathen nations. Every colony, properly managed, will be. come an extensive missionary station, from whence the light of Chris. tianity shall be diffused far into the interior of those immense regions. And who shall venture to predict the number of missionaries who may issue forth from the schools and churches of those colonies to attack the fortresses of Satan, or the amount of Bibles and tracts which shall thence be scattered among the ignorant and superstitious multitudes which crowd the shores of the Niger and the Senegal ?
Colonization, beyond doubt, is a very important part of that moral chivalry which the great Head of the church is leading on to the conquest of a world lying in wickedness. The field of warfare assigned it is the most benighted quarter of the globe, containing a population of one hundred millions. And, fixing my eyes upon the divine pro. mises and the signs of the times, I behold the period of Africa's redemption drawing nigh. Long has the gloom of a frightful superstition brooded over her fairest regions. Long have the deluded followers of the false prophet kneeled amidst her sands. And as if it were not enough that she has been, for so many ages, the victim of pagan and Mohammedan cruelty, that her dwelling is among immense deserts and savage beasts of prey, long has the civilized robber prowled over her shores, causing them to resound with the shrieks of her captive child. ren, torn from her by lawless violence, and borne away over the billows to bow their strength in servitude to the avarice of nations calling themselves Christian. Looking along down the succession of years, I see the hand of philanthropy breaking the fetters of the enslaved. I behold vessel after vessel laden with the liberated captives. I behold these freedmen peacefully dwelling beneath the shade of their own plane tree and palm, in groves where pagan superstition recently celebrated its infernal mysteries, and along shores but recently made vocal by the slave pirates with the shrieks of their victims, worshiping in temples dedicated to the Most High, and singing songs of praise learned in the land of their captivity. I behold the hand of Divine Providence deducing from the protracted night of the servitude of African exiles a glorious morning to spread its radiance over the wide plains of their fatherland.
Dim through the night of these tempestuous years
The church of God amidst the wilderness. Brethren and friends, will you not esteem it a privilege to join with the benevolent throughout the Union in yielding your offerings to the promotion of an enterprise which aims at issues so noble ?
For the Methodist Magazine and Quarterly Review.
ADDRESS ON EDUCATION, Delivered in the Greene-street Methodist Episcopal Church, at the Centenary Meet.
ing held July 8, 1839.
BY THE REV. EDMUND S. JANES.
Mr. PRESIDENT,—It is with strong and conflicting emotions that I arise to address this meeting. In whatever aspect I view this occasion, its appearance is sublime and exciting. Few, if any, have been the events that have justly claimed a more joyous and spirited celebration than the one we are assembled to commemorate. It is the germinating of Wesleyan Methodism: the commencement of that train of divine influences, by which ourselves, and millions besides, have been brought to the knowledge of the truth as it is in Christ. The event is one of thrilling interest, and momentous consequence. To be convinced of this, we need only look at its present extended and blessed bearings, and its future stupendous and glorious prospects. In order to embrace these, with one glance of thought, we will consider Methodism as a vast spiritual temple, in its dimensions and provisions adequate for the wants of the world. One hundred years ago Mr. Wesley laid its foundations deep and wide. Since that period its walls and its columns have been rapidly rising in strength and beauty, and its altars multiplying, until, from the present advanced state of the work, the number zealously laboring for its promotion, and the divine resources upon which they are permitted to draw, we may confidently anticipate the time as near when the top-stone shall be brought on; when, from among all people, and kindreds, and tongues, shall be heard, as the sound of many waters, shoutings of " grace, grace, unto it;" and from out of every nation, sanctified multitudes shall fly as a cloud, and as doves to its windows.
The manner in which it is proposed to celebrate this event is equally exciting. Devotional exercises are always affecting. But when, in view of great and special mercies, we come before God to render our thanksgivings, the exercises of the soul become deep and powerful in proportion to our sense of the divine goodness, and our obligations. How strong, then, must be the emotions with which we appear in the sanctuary to day, to praise God for that divine institution, which has been instrumental in leading us to the blood of Christ, which cleanseth from all sin, and giving us hopes full of immortality.
It is not intended, however, that our celebration shall be exclusively devotional. It is proposed to employ our hands, as well as our hearts, and to consecrate our substance, as well as our feelings, to the services and interests of the occasion. Hence arrangements have been made to present the claims of those great benevolent institutions by which Christianity, in the form we have received it, is to be perpetu. ated and propagated. Here, sir, are the advocates of the missionary cause, in which we all feel an ardent interest, and expect our ardor to become much more intense, while we listen to their glowing eloquence. And on this platform, sir, is also the venerable advocate of the intinerant ministry, which all true Methodists consider as of vital importance
to the progress and usefulness of Methodism, and consequently regard with warmest interest. Indeed, wherever I turn my attention, in whatever aspect I view the occasion, or the proposed order of its celebration, all is full of excitement and animation, until I fix upon one single item in the programm of the exercises: it is the topic of my discourse. I hesitate to name it, lest its announcement should strike upon the feelings of this meeting like the breeze that had swept over the icebergs of an arctic sea. And yet, sir, I believe it to be one of the grandest and most imposing subjects that can claim the powers of any speaker, or the attention of any auditory. As an application of snow to a person benumbed with cold, extracts the frost, and restores the individual to animation and warmth, even so, I trust, a consideration of this subject, chilling as it may be in the first part of the process, will, nevertheless, remove from our hearts all the icy coldness which inattention and prejudice may have induced on this question ; and inspire us with generous ardor, and burning zeal, in the glorious cause of general and liberal education. While I congratulate all pre. sent upon the honor and happiness of witnessing and sharing the exercises of the first centenary celebration of Wesleyan Methodism, I feel myself peculiarly favored to be permitted, as one of the speakers on the occasion, to dwell upon a theme in which I feel the most lively interest.
Sir, in presenting this subject to the consideration of this audience, we shall ask them to consider education in its nature, infuences, and connections.
By education is generally understood merely the acquisition of science in the schools, simply filling the memory with the principles, facts, and applications of literature. This understanding of the subject is defective. What is regarded as the result is but the process, What is looked upon as the thing itself is but the exercise by which it is attained. It is true, that in the acquisition of education this course is generally pursued. But these school performances are only the means, and not the end. The great object sought by all this training and discipline, is the development and cultivation of the powers of the student, the maturity, perfection, and employment of all his capacities, that thus he may be fully qualified to meet his responsibil. ities, and faithfully perform all the services that devolve upon him, as a moral agent, and a member of the human family. This is education—the complete development and perfection of all the physical, mental, and moral powers of an individual; and then enlisting, and properly directing these powers in the discharge of the duties of life. And nothing less than this is education. To fill the mind of a young man with the theories of education, without showing him their application, would no more qualify him for success and usefulness in the walks of science, than placing an artist's tools in his hands, without training him in their use, would render him competent to their skilful employment in all the arts of the profession. To endue the student with all the practical power of knowledge, without, at the same time, strengthening and purifying his moral feelings, so as to give them a virtuous and wise ascendency over him, would be like placing danger. ous weapons in the hands of a maniac, who would be as likely to employ them in destruction as in defense, for evil as for good. Chris.
tian education labors to promote the improvement, to perfection, of the entire person of the scholar, and to sanctify, direct, and crown with usefulness and honor his whole life.
The mighty molding power of education is illustrated in its influ. ence upon individual and national character. A striking example of this is furnished by Athens and Sparta. It is probable, from history, that these ancient Grecian republics were, originally, Egyptian colo. nies. They were nearly coetaneous in existence: they were contiguous to each other : their form of government and political interests were similar: their intercourse with each other frequent and famil. iar; and yet these two republics, notwithstanding their common ori. gin, their coeval birth, their contiguity, their sameness of climate, of government, of political interests, and their long and free interchange of sentiments and civilities, were as really, as apparently, and as proudly different, as though they had been antipodes. In modern times, the geographical boundary between France and Switzerland is as legibly drawn upon the character of the people, as upon the surface of the soil. In contrasting the mental and moral character of Eng. land, Ireland, and Scotland, one would be almost ready to conclude that an island from the Polar Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Bay of Bis. cay, had, by some convulsion of nature, been grouped together with all their foreign dissimilarities. The variations of character, in the different states that compose this glorious republic, are as striking as the hues of the rainbow. If we admit that, as in the case of that blessed symbol in the heavens, the entire aspect of our national cha. racter is transcendently bright and beautiful, still, its astonishing vari. ation must be admitted. But to descend to greater minuteness : every literary institution, in this or other countries, has a distinct character. Each stream flowing from these fountains is character. ized by the fountain from which it issued. So evidently does an institution stamp its peculiarities upon its alumni, that one learned gentleman conversing with another will often ascertain his alma mater from his literary sentiments and dialect. Indeed, the different sections of any country, the graduates of respective colleges, the educated and uneducated members of the same family, will furnish abundant and unequivocal evidence, to all inquiring and candid minds, of the amaz. ing power of education. Her's is the power of the potter over the clay. Literary institutions “are her molds, in which she forms and fashions her vessels.” It is in the intellectual world what sunshine and rain are to the vegetable kingdom, giving beauty to spring, harvest to summer, and fruits to autumn. In its influence upon community it resembles the omnific Spirit that moved upon the dark chaos of creation, dissipating its darkness, removing its confusion, and giving order and perfection to our world.
This potent influence is a good influence. I do not claim that it is a religious influence; I will not assume that it is a moral influence; but I insist that it is a good influence, calculated to improve the cha. racter, the condition, and the conduct, of
all who enjoy it. Like every other good thing, it must be perverted before it can do harm. That it has been perverted and misapplied, I admit: and what good thing has not been perverted? The very atmosphere we breathe, and without which we could not breathe, by the poison of the stagnant pool, or the