Political Gain and Civilian Pain: Humanitarian Impacts of Economic Sanctions

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Thomas George Weiss, David Cortright, George A. Lopez, Larry Minear
Rowman & Littlefield, 1997 - 277 pages
The use of sanctions is increasing in the post-Cold War world. Along with this increase, the international community must ask itself whether sanctions 'work, ' in the sense that they incite citizens to change or overthrow an offending government, and whether sanctions are really less damaging than the alternative of war. Here for the first time, sanctions and humanitarian aid experts converge on these questions and consider the humanitarian impacts of sanctions along with their potential political benefits. The results show that often the most vulnerable members of targeted societies pay the price of sanctions, and that in addition, the international system is called upon to compensate the victims for the undeniable pain they have suffered. Well-chosen case studies of South Africa, Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, and Haiti illustrate how much pain the community of states is willing to inflict upon civilians in the quest for political gains. Together with an analytical framework and policy conclusions, this important book seeks to clarify the range of options and strategies to policymakers who impose sanctions and to humanitarian officials who operate in sanctioned environments

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Economic Sanctions and Their Humanitarian Impacts An Overview
Toward a Framework for Analysis
Four Case Studies
The Humanitarian Consequences of Sanctioning South Africa A Preliminary Assessment
The Humanitarian Impacts of Economic Sanctions and War in Iraq
Sanctions in the Former Yugoslavia Convoluted Goals and Complicated Consequences
Humanitarian Effects of the Coup and Sanctions in Haiti
Political Gain and Civilian Pain
Selected Bibliography
About the Contributors

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Page 263 - SEC. 3. REPORTS TO CONGRESS. At least once every 60 days, the President shall submit to the Congress a summary on the status of efforts to obtain compliance by Iraq with the resolutions adopted by the United Nations Security Council in response to Iraq's aggression.
Page xxi - ICJ International Court of Justice ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross...
Page xxii - NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries OAS Organization of American States OAU Organization of African Unity OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries...
Page 263 - Dear Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:) Consistent with the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution (Public Law 102-1), and as part of my...
Page 263 - Communication from the President of the United States transmitting a report on developments since his last report concerning the national emergency with respect to the governments of Serbia and Montenegro, pursuant to 50 USC 1703(c).

About the author (1997)

Thomas G. Weiss is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York. David Cortright is president of the Fourth Freedom Forum. George A. Lopez is professor of government and international relations at the University of Notre Dame and the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. Larry Minear is co-director and principal researcher of the Humanitarianism and War Project at Brown University's Watson Institute for International Studies.

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