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SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, ss. Be it remembered, that on the 19th day of May, A. D. 1827, in the fiftyfirst year of the Independence of the United States of America, G & C. Carvill, of the said district, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors in the words following, to wit :

“ The American Annual Register for the years 1825–6, or, the fiftieth year of American Independence.”

In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned;" and also, to an Act, entitled, “ An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled an Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."

FRED. I. BETTS, Clerk Southern District of Nero-York.

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PREFACE.

THE want of a work, similar to the English Annual Register, has been long felt, and generally acknowledged, in this country. From the difficulty of procuring accurate information, concerning the domestic history of the United States, public opinion at home has been often misled, with regard to the conduct of the government; and the moral force of our free institutions has been much diminished abroad, by the ignorance, which prevails in other countries, relative to the condition of the American states. It is also essential, in order to facilitate the progress of liberal principles ; that there should be given of the course of events in the European states, a historical statement, uninfluenced by the governments, which there to a great degree control the means of affecting public opinion. With the view of attaining these desirable ends, the American Annual Register is commenced. Much difficulty has been found in collecting authentic materials, relating to the local and domestic history of the United States. Hereafter it is with good reason hoped, that the requisite information will be more easily procured.

Notwithstanding the deficiencies of this volume are felt, it is thought important to commence the publication, as one of the surest means of facilitating the collection of information, and ensuring the ultimate success of the work. Pursuant to the plan

originally proposed, the history of the year, according to the legal division, from one national anniversary to the succeeding one in 1826, has been given. This plan, however, has not been rigidly adhered to, when it was necessary to give unity to a historical statement, either by tracing it back to its origin, or by bringing it when practicable, to a conclusion.

Among other matters, biographical sketches of such eminent men as have died within the year, have been inserted. In doing this, the materials have been

collected from other publications; and in the European biographies, the language has been preserved.

This publication will be conducted upon strictly national principles; and it is contemplated, that a volumne will make its appearance in the spring of

each year.

INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER.

Retrospective viewIndependence of the United States Abolition of

Colonial System-Views of Great Britain-Independence of Spanish AmericaPolicy of the United States-Dissolution of PartiesVisit of La Fayette-National Jubilee-Deaths of Adams and Jefferson

The 50th yeår of the national ty, and its gradual emancipation independence of the United States, from European sway. will be long regarded as marking The interest, however, which an important epoch in the history was derived from a recurrence to of the western hemisphere. A past events, was soon absorbed in common prejudice, founded upon the important occurrences that associations connected with our were crowded within the year. religious faith, had imparted to Although the revolution, which this era an interest, growing out was to produce an entire change of the recollections of the revolu- in the condition of America, had tion, and the important conse- previously commenced, and had quences of that event. The at- already advanced to that point, tention of the American people from which experience teaches) was naturally directed to it, as the it could not retrograde ; it was rejubilee of national independence, served for this year to witness those and a comparison was instituted signal events, which have forever between the infancy and maturity separated the greatest part of the of the country ; between the con- western hemisphere from Europe. dition of the United tes, when

On the 25th of August, 1825, as thirteen colonies, thinly scat- the extensive empire of Brazil was tered along a narrow strip of the finally severed from the mother Atlantic coast, they asserted their country, by the formal recognition claim to independence, and vin- of its independence by the king of dicated it by a recital of their Portugal, and afterwards, when, wrongs, and now, when reposing by the death of his father, the Porin conscious strength on the bosom tuguese crown devolved upon Don of the continent, they are witness- Pedro, the emperor of Brazil, the ing the progressive triumph of their inconvenience of such a connecprinciples to its southern extremi- tion was so strongly impressed

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