Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

DISARMAMENT AGENCY

87-

, ,
HEARINGS

BEFORE THE
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE
EIGHTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON
A BILL TO ESTABLISH A UNITED STATES DISARMAMENT

AGENCY FOR WORLD PEACE AND SECURITY

S. 2180

[ocr errors]

SEP 1961

DIVISION

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1961

74094

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas, Chairman JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

HOMER E. CAPEHART, Indiana RUSSELL B. LONG, Louisiana

FRANK CARLSON, Kansas
ALBERT GORE, Tennessee

JOHN J. WILLIAMS, Delaware
FRANK J. LAUSCHE, Ohio
FRANK CHURCH, Idaho
STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut

CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
DARRELL ST. CLAIRE, Clerk

CONTENTS

67

[ocr errors]

Statements of

Benoit, Emile, National Council of Churches of Christ in the United

Page

States.-

224

Clark, Joseph S., U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania -

167

WIL Eaton, Frederick M., former Ambassador to the Ten-Nation Con-

ference on Comprehensive Disarmament.

148

Gardner, Trevor, former Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research

and Development.--

189

Gates, Thomas S., Jr., former Secretary of Defense-

142
Gilpatric, Roswell L., Deputy Secretary of Defense.
Gruenther, Alfred M., president, National Red Cross -

133
Haworth, Leland J., Commissioner, Atomic Energy Commission..

90

Herter, Christian A., former Secretary of State..

156

Kastenmeier, Hon. Robert W., Second Congressional District, Wisconsin. 179

Larson, Arthur, World Rule of Law Center, Duke University

209

Lemnitzer, Gen. Lyman L., Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff

67

Levering, Samuel, chairman, executive council, Friends Committee on

National Legislation.

259

Lodge, Henry Cabot, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. 115

Lovett, Robert A., former Secretary of Defense-

82

McCloy, John J., adviser to the President on disarmament-

37, 78
Nagle, William J., chairman, committee on nuclear warfare, Catholic
Association for International Peace..

270
Persons, Sandford Z., United World Federalists.

273

Pomerance, Mrs. Josephine W., Women's International League for

Peace and Freedom -

238

Rusk, Hon. Dean, Secretary of State.

12
Schutz, Robert R., Lobby for Peace of Northern California -

278

Smeltzer, Ralph E., General Brotherhood Board of the Church of the

Brethren

242

Stanley, C. M., General Board of Christian Social Concerns, Meth-
odist Church

205
Thomas, Norman, program chairman, National Committee for a
Sane Nuclear Policy -

195

Toll, John S., chairman, Federation of American Scientists, accom-

panied by Daniel M. Singer, general counsel

248

Wadsworth, James J., former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations- 186

Wing, Mrs. Wilson, Maryland Committee for a Nuclear Test Treaty- 265

York, Dr. Herbert, chancellor, University of California..

162

Insertions in the record:

Text of S. 2180

1

Letter of transmittal, dated June 29, 1961, to the President of the

Senate from President Kennedy -

8

Letter, dated June 23, 1961, to President Kennedy from John J.

McCloy, Adviser on Disarmament Matters -

9

Letter, dated August 2, 1961, to chairman of the Foreign Relations

Committee from John J. McCloy ---

11

Letter to John J. McCloy from former President Eisenhower-

63

Letter, dated June 13, 1961, to Secretary of State Rusk from Senator

Hubert H. Humphrey -

96

Memorandum on useful byproducts for basic knowledge, based on

research on detection of nuclear explosions by electromagnetic

radiation..

96

Information on VELA research program.

97

Excerpt from Congressional Record of July 31, 1961, concerning

precautions against accidental nuclear war.

98

Letter, dated August 23, 1961, to Senator Hubert H. Humphrey

from Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell Gilpatric-

110

[graphic]

III

Insertions in the record-Continued

Chart on principal organizations in executive branch of U.S. Govern- Page

ment involved in disarmament research.-----

112

Memorandum on relationship of the Director of USIA to the President

and the Secretary of State...

170

Text of Senate Concurrent Resolution 37, 87th Congress, 1st session. 174

Notes on the evolution of the Democratic Advisory Council proposal-

a national peace agency.

180

Text of letter to the President from 30 Members of Congress concerning

a national peace agency -

183

List of cosponsors of Disarmament Agency bill.

184

Statement by Andrew J. Biemiller, director, department of legisla-

tion, AFI-CIO.---

203

Listing of titles, authors, and tables of contents of reports to the

Committee on Research for Peace

216

Resolution of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom - 241

Statement by David C. Williams, director of research and educa-

tion, Americans for Democratic Action..

276

APPENDIX A

1. Executive branch memorandum concerning S. 2180..

283

2. Unclassified studies of disarmament and arms control.

289

Department of State.

289

Department of Defense-

290

Atomic Energy Commission..

293

Advanced Research Projects Agency--

300

APPENDIX B

Statement by Hon. William Fitts Ryan, 20th Congressional District, New

York...

325

Statement by the National Council of Jewish Women, Inc.-

327

Statement by Dr. Donald G. Brennan.

328

Statement by Dr. Herman Kahn, Hudson Institute, Inc.--

329

Letter from Mrs. Wilson K. Barnes, national chairman, national defense

committee, National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution... 331

Letter from Elizabeth H. Osth, Berryville, Va..

332

Letter from Clifford R. Johnson, Staten Island, N.Y.

332

Letter from Dr. and Mrs. W. Wallace Cayard, Wheeling, W. Va...

333

Statement by Emil Mazy, secretary-treasurer, United Auto Workers. 333

Letter from

Clark M. Eichelberger, American Association for the United

Nations, Inc..

338

Statement by Platform for Peace.

338

Statement of the American Coalition of Patriotic Societies..

340

Letter from John G. Darley, executive officer, American Psychological

Association, and enclosed letter from Charles E. Osgood, director,

Institute of Communications Research, University of Illinois.-

341

Statement by Hon. Seymour Halpern, Fourth Congressional District,

New York

342

Letter from John Curtis Wood, Chestertown, Ind..

344

Letter from Patrick E. Gorman, secretary-treasurer, Amalgamated Meat

Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America -

346

Letter from Joseph F. Barr, national executive director, Jewish War

Veterans of the United States of America---

347

DISARMAMENT AGENCY

MONDAY, AUGUST 14, 1961

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:05 a.m., in room 4221, New Senate Office Building, Senator J.W. Fulbright (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Fulbright, Sparkman, Humphrey, Symington, Wiley, Hickenlooper, Aiken, Carlson, and Williams.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

The purpose of the meeting this morning is to hear representatives from the executive branch on S. 2180, the Disarmament Agency for World Peace and Security.

This bill would create a new U.S. Disarmament Agency for World Peace and Security to handle matters relating to disarmament, including negotiations, research, recommendations to the President and Secretary of State, and certain information functions.

This legislation was requested by the President in a communication of June 29, 1961, and introduced by the chairman of the Disarmament Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Relations on the same day. After a brief sojourn with another committee, it was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations on August 3.

I ask that there be included in the record at this point (1) the text of S. 2180; (2) the communication from the President, together with its enclosure which is a letter from Mr. McCloy to the President; and (3) a letter to the chairman of this committee from Mr. McCloy, dated August 2, 1961.

(The documents referred to follow :)

[S. 2180, 87th Cong., 1st sess. ] A BILL To establish a United States Disarmament Agency for World Peace and Security.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE I-SHORT TITLE, PURPOSE, AND DEFINITIONS

SHORT TITLE

SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “Disarmament Act for World Peace and Security".

PURPOSE

SEC. 2. An ultimate goal of the United States is a world which is free from the scourge of war and the dangers and burdens of armaments; in which the use of force has been subordinated to the rule of law; and in which international adjustments to a changing world are achieved peacefully. It is the purpose of this Act to provide impetus toward this goal by creating a new agency of peace to deal with the problem of disarmament.

1

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »