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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
UNITED STATES SENATE
A BILL TO ESTABLISH A UNITED STATES DISARMAMENT
AGENCY FOR WORLD PEACE AND SECURITY
Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1961
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas, Chairman JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama
ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana
GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont WAYNE MORSE, Oregon
HOMER E. CAPEHART, Indiana RUSSELL B. LONG, Louisiana
FRANK CARLSON, Kansas
ALBERT GORE, Tennessee
JOHN J. WILLIAMS, Delaware
FRANK J. LAUSCHE, Ohio
FRANK CHURCH, Idaho
STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut
CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
DARRELL ST. CLAIRE, Clerk
Benoit, Emile, National Council of Churches of Christ in the United
Clark, Joseph S., U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania -
WIL Eaton, Frederick M., former Ambassador to the Ten-Nation Con-
ference on Comprehensive Disarmament.
Gardner, Trevor, former Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research
Gates, Thomas S., Jr., former Secretary of Defense-
Gilpatric, Roswell L., Deputy Secretary of Defense.
Gruenther, Alfred M., president, National Red Cross -
Haworth, Leland J., Commissioner, Atomic Energy Commission..
Herter, Christian A., former Secretary of State..
Kastenmeier, Hon. Robert W., Second Congressional District, Wisconsin. 179
Larson, Arthur, World Rule of Law Center, Duke University
Lemnitzer, Gen. Lyman L., Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
Levering, Samuel, chairman, executive council, Friends Committee on
Lodge, Henry Cabot, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. 115
Lovett, Robert A., former Secretary of Defense-
McCloy, John J., adviser to the President on disarmament-
Nagle, William J., chairman, committee on nuclear warfare, Catholic
Association for International Peace..
Persons, Sandford Z., United World Federalists.
Pomerance, Mrs. Josephine W., Women's International League for
Peace and Freedom -
Rusk, Hon. Dean, Secretary of State.
Schutz, Robert R., Lobby for Peace of Northern California -
Smeltzer, Ralph E., General Brotherhood Board of the Church of the
Stanley, C. M., General Board of Christian Social Concerns, Meth-
Thomas, Norman, program chairman, National Committee for a
Sane Nuclear Policy -
Toll, John S., chairman, Federation of American Scientists, accom-
panied by Daniel M. Singer, general counsel
Wadsworth, James J., former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations- 186
Wing, Mrs. Wilson, Maryland Committee for a Nuclear Test Treaty- 265
York, Dr. Herbert, chancellor, University of California..
Insertions in the record:
Text of S. 2180
Letter of transmittal, dated June 29, 1961, to the President of the
Senate from President Kennedy -
Letter, dated June 23, 1961, to President Kennedy from John J.
McCloy, Adviser on Disarmament Matters -
Letter, dated August 2, 1961, to chairman of the Foreign Relations
Committee from John J. McCloy ---
Letter to John J. McCloy from former President Eisenhower-
Letter, dated June 13, 1961, to Secretary of State Rusk from Senator
Hubert H. Humphrey -
Memorandum on useful byproducts for basic knowledge, based on
research on detection of nuclear explosions by electromagnetic
Information on VELA research program.
Excerpt from Congressional Record of July 31, 1961, concerning
precautions against accidental nuclear war.
Letter, dated August 23, 1961, to Senator Hubert H. Humphrey
from Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell Gilpatric-
Insertions in the record-Continued
Chart on principal organizations in executive branch of U.S. Govern- Page
ment involved in disarmament research.-----
Memorandum on relationship of the Director of USIA to the President
and the Secretary of State...
Text of Senate Concurrent Resolution 37, 87th Congress, 1st session. 174
Notes on the evolution of the Democratic Advisory Council proposal-
a national peace agency.
Text of letter to the President from 30 Members of Congress concerning
a national peace agency -
List of cosponsors of Disarmament Agency bill.
Statement by Andrew J. Biemiller, director, department of legisla-
Listing of titles, authors, and tables of contents of reports to the
Committee on Research for Peace
Resolution of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom - 241
Statement by David C. Williams, director of research and educa-
tion, Americans for Democratic Action..
1. Executive branch memorandum concerning S. 2180..
2. Unclassified studies of disarmament and arms control.
Department of State.
Department of Defense-
Atomic Energy Commission..
Advanced Research Projects Agency--
Statement by Hon. William Fitts Ryan, 20th Congressional District, New
Statement by the National Council of Jewish Women, Inc.-
Statement by Dr. Donald G. Brennan.
Statement by Dr. Herman Kahn, Hudson Institute, Inc.--
Letter from Mrs. Wilson K. Barnes, national chairman, national defense
committee, National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution... 331
Letter from Elizabeth H. Osth, Berryville, Va..
Letter from Clifford R. Johnson, Staten Island, N.Y.
Letter from Dr. and Mrs. W. Wallace Cayard, Wheeling, W. Va...
Statement by Emil Mazy, secretary-treasurer, United Auto Workers. 333
Clark M. Eichelberger, American Association for the United
Statement by Platform for Peace.
Statement of the American Coalition of Patriotic Societies..
Letter from John G. Darley, executive officer, American Psychological
Association, and enclosed letter from Charles E. Osgood, director,
Institute of Communications Research, University of Illinois.-
Statement by Hon. Seymour Halpern, Fourth Congressional District,
Letter from John Curtis Wood, Chestertown, Ind..
Letter from Patrick E. Gorman, secretary-treasurer, Amalgamated Meat
Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America -
Letter from Joseph F. Barr, national executive director, Jewish War
Veterans of the United States of America---
MONDAY, AUGUST 14, 1961
UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:05 a.m., in room 4221, New Senate Office Building, Senator J.W. Fulbright (chairman) presiding.
Present: Senators Fulbright, Sparkman, Humphrey, Symington, Wiley, Hickenlooper, Aiken, Carlson, and Williams.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
The purpose of the meeting this morning is to hear representatives from the executive branch on S. 2180, the Disarmament Agency for World Peace and Security.
This bill would create a new U.S. Disarmament Agency for World Peace and Security to handle matters relating to disarmament, including negotiations, research, recommendations to the President and Secretary of State, and certain information functions.
This legislation was requested by the President in a communication of June 29, 1961, and introduced by the chairman of the Disarmament Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Relations on the same day. After a brief sojourn with another committee, it was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations on August 3.
I ask that there be included in the record at this point (1) the text of S. 2180; (2) the communication from the President, together with its enclosure which is a letter from Mr. McCloy to the President; and (3) a letter to the chairman of this committee from Mr. McCloy, dated August 2, 1961.
(The documents referred to follow :)
[S. 2180, 87th Cong., 1st sess. ] A BILL To establish a United States Disarmament Agency for World Peace and Security.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
TITLE I-SHORT TITLE, PURPOSE, AND DEFINITIONS
SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “Disarmament Act for World Peace and Security".
SEC. 2. An ultimate goal of the United States is a world which is free from the scourge of war and the dangers and burdens of armaments; in which the use of force has been subordinated to the rule of law; and in which international adjustments to a changing world are achieved peacefully. It is the purpose of this Act to provide impetus toward this goal by creating a new agency of peace to deal with the problem of disarmament.