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AND

RIAL OF ANDREW JOHNSON,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

ITH THE WHOLE OF THE PRELIMINARY PROCEEDINGS IN
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, AND IN THE SEN-
ATE OF THE UNITED STATES. TOGETHER WITH

THE ELEVEN ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT,

AND THE WHOLE OF THE

'ROCEEDINGS IN THE COURT OF IMPEACHMENT, WITH THE
VERBATIM EVIDENCE - OF ALL THE WITNESSES, AND
CROSS-EXAMINATIONS OF THEM, WITH THE SPEECHES
OF THE MANAGERS AND THE COUNSEL ON BOTH
SIDES, WITH THE DECISIONS OF CHIEF JUSTICE
CHASE, AND. THE VERDICT OF THE COURT.

VITH PORTRAITS OF ANDREW JOHNSON; CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE; GENERAL U. S.
GRANT; HON. EDWIN M. STANTON; HON. BENJAMIN F. WADE; HON. BENJAMIN

F. BUTLER ; HON. THADDEUS STEVENS; MAJOR-GEN. LORENZO THOMAS.

PHILADELPHIA:
T. B. PETERSON & BROTHERS;

306 CHESTNUT STREET.

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by

T. B. PETERSON & BROTHERS,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Eastern

District of Pennsylvania.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

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The Great Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson-The Fortieth

Congress, March 4th, 1867.....

.... 13

The Second Effort-An Impeachment Effected-Excitement through-

out the Country—The 22d of February, 1868, in Congress..........14—15

Impeachment under the Constitution..

16

The Senate Notified of the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, by the

House of Representatives

17

The Articles of Impeachment as drawn up by the House Committee... 19

General Butler proposes a Supplementary Article, which is adopted as

Article 10—The Specifications to the same...

........ 20-22

Mr. Bingham offers another Article, which had received the unanimous

vote of the Managers, which is adopted as Article 11–Impeachment

Articles read in the Senate-Opening of the Trial.....

..... 22

Oath of the Chief Justice-The Senators Sworn-Hon. B. F. Wade

Challenged-Remarks of Mr. Sherman-Reverdy Johnson's Views... 23

Can a Senator be excluded from the Senate—The President might ask

a Question-A Precedent cited-Mr. Wade's rights

..... 24

Why the Challenge was made-Mr. Sumner looks up Law and Equity-

Remarks by Mr. Howe, Mr. Drake, Mr. Thayer, Mr. Howard, Mr.

Buckalew, Mr. Frelinghuysen, Mr. Morton, and others....

25

Proceedings of Thursday, March 5th-A Point of Order....

26

The Chief Justice sustained.

27

Speech of Mr. Dixon-Mr. Hendricks, withdraws his Challenge .... 28

Senator Wade sworn-A Proclamation-Mr. Howard's motion adopted

-Entrance of the Managers of the Impeachment on the part of the

House of Representatives—Summons against the President-Ad-

journment of the Court-The Summons served on Andrew Johnson,

President of the United States....

..... 29

The President's Reply to the Summons—The Prayer-Report of the

Sergeant-at-Arms— The President called–The Plea of the President

-A Professional Statement by the Counsel for the Respondent....... 30

Mr. Bingham's Replication-Address of Judge Curtis, one of the Coun-

sel for the President-Reply of Judge Wilson for the Managers-

Mr. Stanbery Criticises the Action of the Managers

.....

31

Remarks of the Chief Justice, Mr. Bingham, and others...

32

Order of the Court-The Replication Speech of General Butler..... 33

Speech of Mr. Nelson, one of the President's Counsel......

.34–35

Proceedings of Monday, March 23d—The commencement of the Trial

-Chief Justice Chase enters the Senate, takes the Chair and calls

the Senate to order --The President's answer to the Eleven Articles

of Impeachment....

..36_45

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Proceedings of Tuesday, March 24th-The Replication of the Managers

-Time for Preparation-The Private Consultation of the Senators... 46

Return of the Senate from their Secret Consultation-Adjournment of

the Court till Monday, March 30th...........

47

Proceedings of Monday, March 30th-Opening argument of General

Benjamin F. Butler.......

............,47–58

Recess-Business Resumed—General Butler's speech concluded......... 59

Proceedings of Tuesday, March 31st-Witnesses called. ................60—66

Proceedings of Wednesday, April 1st-Arrival of the Managers-

The Journal_The Contested Interrogatory-Arguments of Mr.

Stanbery-Authorities, demanded-Mr. Bụtler's reply-The Ques-

tion-Remarks of Mr. Curtis-Argument of Mr. Bingham.............67—75

Proceedings of Thursday, April 2d–The Seventh Rule-Congressman

Ferry's Testimony-General Emory on the Stand.....

76-85

Proceedings of Friday, April 3d......

....86494

Proceedings of Saturday, April 4th.

.95498

Proceedings of Thursday, April 9th ....

99-106

Proceedings of Friday, April 10th....

..107-116

Proceedings of Saturday, April 11th...

...117--126

Proceedings of Monday, April 13th..

....127-135

Proceedings of Tuesday, April 14th.......

.... 136

Proceedings of Wednesday, April 15th......

136-141

Proceedings of Thursday, April 16th...

,142-150

Proceedings of Friday, April 17th....

.151—159

Proceedings of Saturday, April, 18th...

.160-167)

Proceedings of Monday, April 20th,.

.168-171

Proceedings of Wednesday, April 22d..

.172–184

Proceedings of Thursday, April 23d....

.185—197

Proceedings of Friday, April 24th.....

.198—206

Proceedings of Saturday, April 25th.....

.207-212

Proceedings of Monday, April 27th..

.213-223

Proceedings of Tuesday, April 28th....

..224-234

Proceedings of Wednesday, April 29th.

..235-241

Proceedings of Thursday, April 30th.....

..2424249

Proceedings of Friday, May 1st...

....250—258

Proceedings of Saturday, May 2d....

...259–262

Proceedings of Monday, May 4th...

..263-270

Proceedings of Tuesday, May 5th........

.271-278

Proceedings of Wednesday, May 6th............

...279-284

Proceedings of Thursday, May 7th_Court adjourns to Monday, May
11th.......

.285-286

Proceediags of Monday, May 11th-Address of the Chief Justice-

Court'adjourns to Saturday, May 16th........

288

Proceedings of Saturday, May 16th-Acquittal of the President on

the Eleventh Article.

.2884289

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The impeachment of Andrew Johnson forms whether any acts had been done by any officer of an important epoch in the history of the United the Government of the United States, which, in States; ht was the first President brought to the contemplation of the Constitution, are high bar of the Senate to answer the charge of high crimes and misdemeanors. This resolution, recrimes and misdemeanors. Before Mr. Johnson's quiring a two-thirds majority for its adoption, accession to the Presidency, and for a few months was not agreed to. On the 7th day of January, after his assumption of that high office, his politics 1867, Representatives Benjamin F. Loan, of Miswere of the extreme Republican or Radical school. souri, and John R. Kelso, of the same State, During the summer and autumn of 1865, Mr. offered resolutions aiming at the impeachment of Johnson undertook to restore the State Govern- the Executive, and on the same day Mr. Ashley ments of the Commonwealths which had receded formally charged President Johnson with the from and waged war against the national authority. commission of high crimes and misdemeanors. This important task Mr. Johnson sought to ac- The resolutions of Messrs. Loan and Kelso, and complish on principles directly opposed to his the charges of Mr. Ashley, were referred to the previous political professions. The Thirty-Ninth Judiciary Committee. Congress at its first session dissented from the re On the 28th of February following, a majority construction views of the President; the President, of the Judiciary Committee reported that they however, paid little heed to the wishes of Con- had taken testimony of a character sufficient to gress, and insisted on carrying out what he termed justify a further investigation, and regretted their his policy. Congressmen of extreme views, for inability to dispose definitely of the important mer political associates of Mr. Johnson, boldly subject committed to their charge, and bequeathed denounced his reconstruction measures on the their unfinished labors to the succeeding Congress. floor of the House of Representatives, and even in the more dignified Senate, the Executive's

The Fortieth Congress.
Southern policy was severely criticised.

Mr. Johnson saw fit to notice these strictures On the 4th day of March, 1867, the Fortieth of Senators and Representatives, and in nume- Congress convened; it was composed largely of rous public speeches he spoke of Congress in the members who had served in the previous body. bitterest terms. Nor did he confine himself to On the fourth day of the session, Mr. Ashley prowords alone. In all his official acts he evinced a posed that the Judiciary Committee continue the determination to weaken the influence of the investigations with reference to the impeachment majority of Congress. The Representatives were of the President. This proposition was agreed to, quite as determined as the Executive, and his un- and was immediately followed by a resolution friendly acts were repaid by legislation specially from Sidney Clarke, of Kansas, requesting the framed to defeat his plans of Southern restora- committee to report on the first day of the meettion. The breach between Congress and the ing of the House after the recess. This latter Executive grew wider and wider, and when the provision was not complied with by the commitsecond session of the Thirty-ninth Congress tee; there was a mid-summer session, short and opened, the Radical Representatives were deter- busy; but the impeachment investigation was not mined to examine the official conduct of the heard of until the 25th day of November, 1867, President, with a view to impeachment. At the when three reports were presented to Congress head of the first impeachment movement was one majority and two minority; the majority reJames M. Ashley, of Ohio. On the 17th of De- port recommended the impeachment of the Precember, 1866, he introduced a resolution for the sident for high crimes and misdemeanors. The appointment of a select committee to inquire two minority reports, each signed by two mene

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