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RIAL OF ANDREW JOHNSON,
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
ITH THE WHOLE OF THE PRELIMINARY PROCEEDINGS IN
THE ELEVEN ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT,
AND THE WHOLE OF THE
'ROCEEDINGS IN THE COURT OF IMPEACHMENT, WITH THE
VITH PORTRAITS OF ANDREW JOHNSON; CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE; GENERAL U. S.
F. BUTLER ; HON. THADDEUS STEVENS; MAJOR-GEN. LORENZO THOMAS.
306 CHESTNUT STREET.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by
T. B. PETERSON & BROTHERS,
District of Pennsylvania.
The Second Effort-An Impeachment Effected-Excitement through-
Can a Senator be excluded from the Senate—The President might ask
Senator Wade sworn-A Proclamation-Mr. Howard's motion adopted
-Entrance of the Managers of the Impeachment on the part of the
Proceedings of Thursday, May 7th_Court adjourns to Monday, May
The impeachment of Andrew Johnson forms whether any acts had been done by any officer of an important epoch in the history of the United the Government of the United States, which, in States; ht was the first President brought to the contemplation of the Constitution, are high bar of the Senate to answer the charge of high crimes and misdemeanors. This resolution, recrimes and misdemeanors. Before Mr. Johnson's quiring a two-thirds majority for its adoption, accession to the Presidency, and for a few months was not agreed to. On the 7th day of January, after his assumption of that high office, his politics 1867, Representatives Benjamin F. Loan, of Miswere of the extreme Republican or Radical school. souri, and John R. Kelso, of the same State, During the summer and autumn of 1865, Mr. offered resolutions aiming at the impeachment of Johnson undertook to restore the State Govern- the Executive, and on the same day Mr. Ashley ments of the Commonwealths which had receded formally charged President Johnson with the from and waged war against the national authority. commission of high crimes and misdemeanors. This important task Mr. Johnson sought to ac- The resolutions of Messrs. Loan and Kelso, and complish on principles directly opposed to his the charges of Mr. Ashley, were referred to the previous political professions. The Thirty-Ninth Judiciary Committee. Congress at its first session dissented from the re On the 28th of February following, a majority construction views of the President; the President, of the Judiciary Committee reported that they however, paid little heed to the wishes of Con- had taken testimony of a character sufficient to gress, and insisted on carrying out what he termed justify a further investigation, and regretted their his policy. Congressmen of extreme views, for inability to dispose definitely of the important mer political associates of Mr. Johnson, boldly subject committed to their charge, and bequeathed denounced his reconstruction measures on the their unfinished labors to the succeeding Congress. floor of the House of Representatives, and even in the more dignified Senate, the Executive's
The Fortieth Congress.
Mr. Johnson saw fit to notice these strictures On the 4th day of March, 1867, the Fortieth of Senators and Representatives, and in nume- Congress convened; it was composed largely of rous public speeches he spoke of Congress in the members who had served in the previous body. bitterest terms. Nor did he confine himself to On the fourth day of the session, Mr. Ashley prowords alone. In all his official acts he evinced a posed that the Judiciary Committee continue the determination to weaken the influence of the investigations with reference to the impeachment majority of Congress. The Representatives were of the President. This proposition was agreed to, quite as determined as the Executive, and his un- and was immediately followed by a resolution friendly acts were repaid by legislation specially from Sidney Clarke, of Kansas, requesting the framed to defeat his plans of Southern restora- committee to report on the first day of the meettion. The breach between Congress and the ing of the House after the recess. This latter Executive grew wider and wider, and when the provision was not complied with by the commitsecond session of the Thirty-ninth Congress tee; there was a mid-summer session, short and opened, the Radical Representatives were deter- busy; but the impeachment investigation was not mined to examine the official conduct of the heard of until the 25th day of November, 1867, President, with a view to impeachment. At the when three reports were presented to Congress head of the first impeachment movement was one majority and two minority; the majority reJames M. Ashley, of Ohio. On the 17th of De- port recommended the impeachment of the Precember, 1866, he introduced a resolution for the sident for high crimes and misdemeanors. The appointment of a select committee to inquire two minority reports, each signed by two mene