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19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all other they took in battle.

20 For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LORD commanded Moses.

from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.

22 There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained.

21 ¶ And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and

1 Chap. 9. 3.

23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from


13 Num. 26, 53.

Verse 1. "Hazor—Madən―Shimron-Achshaph.”—These little principalities were in the northern portion of Palestine. The reader will have observed the progress of the war on this side Jordan. The Israelites first took Jericho, and then made a step towards the centre of the country by the conquest of Ai. This, with the loss of the Gibeonites from their confederacy, raised the kings of the south (chap. x. 1), whose defeat by the Hebrews was attended with the signal circumstances which engaged our attention in the preceding chapter. Joshua then proceeded to take the towns of the kings he had destroyed; extending his conquests over the country which afterwards belonged to Judah, Benjamin, and Simeon, and which, at a still later period, formed the kingdom of Judah. Horam, king of Gezer, in central Palestine, attempted to relieve one of the assaulted towns, Lachish; but his army was wholly destroyed in the attempt. These events now alarm the kings of the north, who form a grand confederacy with those of the centre, in the hope of crushing the invaders; particularly as they are strong in horses and chariots, which had not yet been tried against them. They could not, however, stand before the power which helped Israel; and, after their defeat, Joshua took their towns in detail, until the greater portion of the Promised Land had been conquered.

2. "Chinneroth."-This town appears to have been situated on the lake called, in Num. xxxiv. 11, "the sea of Chinnereth." We know nothing about the town; and, as the lake appears far more conspicuously in the New Testament than in the Old, we reserve a notice of it for Matth. iv. 18.

5. "The waters of Merom."-This is the lake near the head of the Jordan, afterwards called Semochonitis, and now Bahr-el-Houle. According to Josephus, it was about seven miles long and three and a half broad. This probably refers to its condition when swollen by the melted snows of Lebanon: at other times it is little other than an extensive marsh through which the Jordan flows, without appearing to mingle with its waters, but to preserve its current distinct. The lake is in the midst of a wide and solitary plain, and along the brink, and in the shallow parts, is covered with reeds and rushes. The waters are muddy and reputed unwholesome. The lake, however, contains fish, and its fisheries are rented from the Mutsellim of Szaffad by some fishermen of that town. The shores of the lake are uninhabited, except in two or three villages on its eastern border. Although there are no hills near the lake, its level is considerably higher than that of the lake of Chinnereth (Tabaria), whence, probably, it derived its name, "the waters of Merom," that is, literally, "the higher waters." Some commentators think that "the waters of Merom" cannot here mean the lake Houle, but perhaps the river Kishon in the plain of Esdraelon; because, the lake being some fifteen or twenty leagues within the territory of the confederates, it was more likely they would meet Joshua on their frontiers than allow him to enter so far into their country before giving him battle. There are some circumstances which seem to favour this conclusion. See Pococke's 'Travels,' Burckhardt's 'Syria and the Holy Land,' and Carne's • Recollections of the East.'


6. “Horses.”—It is remarkable that, in the sacred books, we have not till now met with the horse any where but in Egypt, and that, now, we find it in the north of Palestine, but not any where intermediately between that country and Egypt. The most striking point in this is the silence concerning horses as used by the people of Arabia, which naturalists have been disposed to consider as the native country of that animal. We cannot resist the conviction that there were no horses then in that region. The omission to notice the animal during the long period when the Israelites wandered in and on the confines of Arabia, might be supposed to be accidental, were it not that, when they came to actual conflict with Arabian tribes, as the Midianites, we find that they have plenty of camels, asses, oxen, and sheep; but that the horse continues to be unnoticed; which would have been all but impossible, had they brought horses into action, or had any of these animals been killed or taken by the Israelites. At a later period (Judg. vi. 5) the same Arabian people made annual incursions into Palestine and their camels were past numbering," and even their kings rode on camels (viii. 21); but they had no horses. And, in the reign of Saul, when the tribes beyond Jordan waged war with four Arabian nations, for the possession of the eastern pasture grounds, the victorious Hebrews found 50,000 camels, 250,000 sheep; 2000 asses, and 100,000 slaves ;--still not a word of horses (1 Chron. v. 10, 20-22). And, not to multiply examples, we may safely say that in the whole Scripture history the horse is never mentioned in connection with Arabia. With all this, ancient history accords; for it does not describe Arabia as distinguished in any way for its horses; and even Strabo, who lived so late as the time of Christ, expressly describes Arabia as destitute of these animals. Of Arabia Felix, he says that it had neither horses, mules, nor swine; and of Arabia Deserta, that it had no horses, camels supplying their place. It is true that the Arabians profess to deduce the genealogy of their best horses from the stud of Solomon; but while this is manifestly a fable, resulting from the Arabian custom of ascribing every thing pre-eminent to Solomon, it is nevertheless valuable as an admission that horses existed even in Palestine earlier than in Arabia. This explains sufficiently why Moses did not contemplate that the Hebrews would ever go to Arabia for horses, but that they would go to Egypt; and also, why Solomon, when forming a body of cavalry, obtained his horses from Egypt, not from Arabia. When the Arabians began to pay attention to the breeding of horses, we do not know, and the inquiry has no connection with our object; but it is certain that horses were numerous and highly valued in that country before the time of Mohammed.

It will also be observed that the Israelites had no horses to encounter on the east of the Jordan, in the countries of Sihon and Og. Neither did they find any at Jericho. Every living creature in that city was devoted to God and put to death, and we find asses, oxen, sheep, and goats enumerated-but no horses. Neither do the kings of the south of Palestine bring any cavalry against the Hebrews; at least none are mentioned, as we may be sure they would have been, had any existed, on account of the importance attached to their presence. We now first find these animals brought forward by the kings of the north: and the question naturally occurs, how it is that we find them there rather than in the districts nearer to Egypt, from whence these animals were usually obtained? It may therefore be inferred that the Egyptians, whose policy often induced them to forego great advantages to promote the security of their country, did not. at this time, afford to their Asiatic neighbours any facilities in obtaining these warlike animals, which formed the principal strength of their own level country. And this renders it probable that the princes of northern Palestine derived their horses from Armenia, which was in ancient times celebrated for its horses, and which certainly did at a later period send them to the north of Palestine to the great commercial fairs of Tyre. Thus Ezekiel (xxvii. 14) says, speaking of that city," They of the house of Togarmah (that is, Armenia) traded in thy fairs with horses, and horse. men, and mules." What the Armenians afterwards did at Tyre they very probably, at this earlier period, did at " Great Zidon."-For some remarks on the houghing (hamstringing) of horses, see the note on 2 Sam. viii. 4.

13. "But as for the cities that stood still in their strength, Israel burned none of them.”—Instead of "stood still in their strength," "stood on the hills" would be more correct and intelligible. The original, rendered "strength," is on (tillam), and the word tel means a hill, not only in Hebrew but in the Chaldee and Arabic ; whence frequently occurs in composition with the names of places in Assyria, Mesopotamia, and Syria. The sense seems to be, that Joshua burned the cities in the plains, but preserved those that were situated on the hills. The reason of this seems clearly enough to be, that, fearing to weaken his army by putting a garrison in all the towns he took, he preferred keeping those which were the most easily defended; destroying the others, to prevent the enemy from resuming the occupation of them. This explanation is the more probable from Judg. i. 19, where we see that the cavalry of the Canaanites afforded them such advantages in the plain that the Hebrews could not maintain their possession of the plains, but were obliged to confine themselves to the hills. The obvious course for them to take was, therefore, that which the above interpretation suggests.

16. "Mountain of Israel.”—Some think this was Bethel, where the Lord twice appeared to Jacob, and promised him the land, and where he also changed the patriarch's name from Jacob to Israel. Others, however, understand “mountain" in the plural, in the same sense as in verse 21, where "mountains of Israel," in opposition to "mountains of Judah," obviously denotes all the mountains of the country, except those in the tribe of Judah.

18. "Joshua made war a long time."-This long time must have been between six and seven years, as determined by the age of Caleb, who tells us, in ch. xiv. 7-10, that he was forty years of age when Moses sent him as one of the original spies from Kadesh-barnea, and that he was eighty-five years old at the division of the land. Consequently, forty-five years had been passed since he went to spy the land, and as thirty-eight of these years had expired before the Jordan was passed, there of course remain about seven years, which had been employed in the conquest of the land west of the Jordan. As, however, some interval may have elapsed between the cessation of the war and the division of the country, it is possible that, as Josephus says, the war lasted only five years.

21. "Anakims.”-See the note on Gen. xiii. 18. It will be recollected that this gigantic people were of a different race from the Canaanites, and were not included in the list of devoted nations. They were the same race who so terrified the original spies, and the report of whose stature had so much effect in discouraging the Israelites. (Num. xiii.) It would doubtless have been imprudent to have allowed them to remain in the heart of the country: they were therefore dealt with like the other inhabitants; and Caleb, one of the only two spies whom their appearance had not in the first instance intimidated, expelled them from their capital Kirjath-Arba, which had been given to him by Joshua, and the name of which he changed to Hebron. (See ch. xiv. 12, et seq.; xv. 13, 14; Judges i. 10.) The Philistines on the coast gave refuge to those who escaped, and some of their descendants were remaining in David's time; for it is almost certain that Goliath, and the other Philistine giants mentioned in his history, were descended from these refugees.

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6 Them did Moses the servant of the LORD and the children of Israel smite: and Moses the servant of the LORD gave it for a possession unto the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh. 7 And these are the kings of the ¶ country which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions;

8 In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: 9¶The king of Jericho, one; 'the king of Ai, which is beside Beth-el, one;

10 10The king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one;

11 The king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;

12 The king of Eglon, one; "the king of Gezer, one;

Num. 32. 29. Deut 3. 12. 1 Chap. 10. 38.

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11. 17.

Chap. 13. 8. Chap
8 Chap. 6. 2. 9 Chap. 8. 29. 10 Chap. 10. 23. 11 Chap. 10. 33.
18 Chap. 10. 29. 14 Chap. 10. 28. 15 Or, Sharon. 16 Chap. 11. 10. 17 Gen. 14. 1.

Verse 5. "All Bashan.... and half Gilead.”—See chap. xiii. 11.


7." Unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir.”—Wells and others think that Mount Halak, which may be rendered "the smooth mountain," is merely a name applied to a part of Lebanon distinguished for its smoothness; and that Seir is another name for Hermon, which, as we learn from Deut. iii. 9, was called Sirion by the Sidonians, and Shenir by the Amorites-names not very different from Seir. But as Mount Halak is here obviously employed in opposition to Lebanon, in a definition of boundary, we prefer the opinion of Calmet, who thinks that the denomination applies to the hills in the extreme south of the country, nearest to the Seir of Edom. It will be recollected that a ridge of hills extends southward, with occasional interruption, through the centre of the country, forming, as it were, the backbone of the country west of the Jordan and Dead Sea. Parallel to this range is that which bounds the valley of the Jordan and the Dead Sea on the west; and these two together render very hilly all the country, in this part, between the central ridge and the Jordan and Dead Sea. But the ridge of the centre is discontinued in the south of Judah's territory; while that of the Jordan is prolonged southward, forming the western mountains of Seir, and enclosing on the west the great Ghor, or ancient valley of the Jordan, which we have so often mentioned. Now, as we would understand, Mount Halak is the last of the many ramifications which these two lines of mountain throw out towards each other; and this shuts up on the south that peculiarly hilly portion of Canaan to which we have referred. This Halak branch, is thrown out at the bottom (south) of the Dead Sea, and forms the ascent from the southern plains into the hill country of Judah. This explanation will be rendered perfectly clear by reference to a map: and it does not much matter whether we regard Halak as a proper name, or translate it, as Calmet does, into "the mountains of separation."

9. “Jericho,” &c.—In the following list of the thirty-one ancient kingdoms of Canaan there occur very few names of places that are connected with any event of consequence in the subsequent portions of the sacred history, or concerning whose modern sites any information is extant. Jerusalem and Jericho, which will hereafter engage our attention, and Hebron and Bethel, which have already been noticed, are the only towns of much interest to the reader of Scripture. Concerning most of the others, the maps of Palestine afford all the information which is of any importance, and which consists merely in the determination of their sites and relative position. This applies with equal truth to the numerous names which occur in the ensuing chapters, which give an account of the division of the territory among the tribes. We shall not therefore encumber the page with speculations about names of no subsequent interest; but, leaving it to the map to show their distribution over the face of the country, we shall confine our attention to the few names that seem to require elucidation or remark. It may be here right to inform the reader that the great mass of the names which appear in the maps of Palestine are fixed according to the positions assigned by Eusebius and Jerome, who had an intimate knowledge of the country, at a time when a much larger number of the ancient names existed than at present.

11. "Lachish."-This place is several times mentioned in Scripture. It is one of the cities which were repaired and fortified, and made "exceeding strong," by Rehoboam (2 Chron. xi. 10); and it seems to have become of so much importance, that when Sennacherib invaded Jerusalem, he besieged it in person, detaching his generals from thence against Jerusalem (2 Kings xviii. 14, 17); and at a subsequent period, the Babylonian invader does not seem to have

proceeded against Jerusalem until he had taken Lachish (comp. Jer. xxxiv. 7, with xxxix. 1). In the time of Jerome, Lachish was a village, about twenty miles south-west of Jerusalem.

12. "Gezer."-The king of Gezer was he who came to the relief of Lachish when besieged by Joshua, and was utterly defeated and slain (ch. x. 33). But it is not there said that his city was taken; it was probably too distant at the time. We learn from chap. xvi. 10, that the Ephraimites, in whose lot this town lay, did not expel the inhabitants, but put them under tribute. In the time of Solomon, however, the king of Egypt took and burnt the place, destroying the Canaanites who dwelt in it; after which he gave the place to his daughter, the wife of Solomon, who rebuilt it, together with several other towns. (See 1 Kings xvi. 17.) Gezer was in the southern border of the tribe of Ephraim, about fifteen miles N.W. by N. from Jerusalem. In the time of Jerome it was a small town, bearing the name of Gazara.

14. "Hormah....Arad."-From this it seems that the kingdom of Arad was distinct from that of Hormah; whence we may conclude that Hormah was not a town of the king of Arad, but of an ally who had assisted him in his attack on the Israelites, as recorded in Num. xxi. (see the note there). Although the king of Hormah was defeated by Joshua, the city of that name was not destroyed till after his death (see Judg. i. 17).

15. "Libnah."-This town appears to have been a few miles to the north of Lachish. It was given to the priests (ch. xxi. 13), which perhaps accounts for its revolt from king Joram, when "he did evil in the sight of the Lord” (2 Kings viii. 22; 2 Chron. xxi. 10). The place must have been of considerable importance, as we find that the king of Assyria, after he had despatched Rabshakeh from Lachish against Jerusalem, went himself to take Libnah. It existed as a village in the time of Eusebius and Jerome.

"Adullam.”—This place is chiefly noted in later times from a cave in its neighbourhood, which furnished a retreat to David when he fled from Gath (1 Sam. xxii. 1), and where he collected a party of about four hundred men. It was one of the towns fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chron. x. 7). Eusebius says it was a very large town even in his time.

17. "Tappuah."-There seem to be two, if not three, places of this name. One in the tribe of Judah (ch. xv. 34); another in the mountains of the same tribe (v. 53), distinguished by the prefix Beth (Beth-tappuah); and a third, distinguished by the prefix En or Ain (En-tappuah), on the boundary between the tribes Ephraim and Manasseh, but belonging to the former (ch. xvii. 7, 8). Tappuah means an apple, probably including also, like the analogous Arabic word, peaches, citrons, apricots, &c. These towns may therefore have been denominated from the abundance of the fruit of this kind which their districts produced.

18. "Aphek."-There are several places of this name; and there seem to be more than there really are. In 1 Sam. iv. there is an Aphek where the Philistines encamped while the Israelites were encamped at Ebenezer, and when, in the action which ensued, the ark of God was taken. There is also an Aphekah mentioned in ch. xv. 53; probably the same as this. We also find, in 1 Sam. xxix. 1, that there was an Aphek in the great plain of Esdraelon, where the Philistines encamped, as did the Israelites at Jezreel, previously to the great battle in which Saul was killed. Then there was another Aphek in the tribe of Asher (ch. xiii. 4, and xix. 30); and one more, belonging to the kings of Syria, to which Benhadad fled when defeated by Ahab (1 Kings xx. 30). As this last city seems to have been in Lebanon, and Asher's territory extended into those mountains, it is probable that the two last are identical, the rather as this tribe left unconquered a great part of its allotted territory. (See the note on the text last referred to.)

"Lasharon."-Biblical scholars, regarding the prefixed as the mark of the genitive, read simply "of Sharon,” as in the margin of our version. The town is doubtless the same as the Saron, near Lydda, mentioned in Acts ix. 35. It stood in the beautiful and fertile plain extending from Cæsarea to Joppa, along the coast-which is mentioned with so much admiration by the sacred poets. (See Cant. ii. 1.)

19, 20. "Madon...Hazor... Shimron-meron... Achshaph.”-These were the four northern kings who organized the grand confederacy against the Israelites (ch. xi. 1). Hazor seems to have been the presiding state in this part of the country; and although it was utterly defeated, the king killed, and the capital burnt down, it recovered its strength in time, and about 160 years later was so powerful as to hold the Israelites themselves in subjection, when they had sinned against God. See Jud. iv. The last of these four towns, Achshaph, is supposed to be the same as the Achzib of Judg. i. 31. This place was situated upon the coast, about ten miles north of Acre (the Accho and Ptolemais of Scripture), where, upon a hill near the sea, there is still a small village, bearing the name of Zib, and which is rendered conspicuous by a few palm trees which rear themselves above its dwellings. This was in the lot of Asher, but that tribe did not gain possession of it.

21. "Taunach... Megiddo."-Both these towns are mentioned in Judg. v. 19, so as to show that they were not far from the river Kishon, or very distant from each other. Manasseh, to whom both towns belonged, could not drive out the inhabitants; but they were ultimately enabled to exact tribute from them (xvii. 11-13). Yet Taanach is in xxi. 25, mentioned as a Levitical city. Megiddo was rebuilt by Solomon (1 Kings ix. 15). Ahaziah, king of Judah, died here of the wounds he received from Jehu's people (2 Kings ix.), and near this place Joshua received the wounds of which he died, in a battle with the king of Egypt. 2 Chron. xxxv.

22. "Kedesh."-There are two places of this name; one in the tribe of Judah (xv. 23), and the other in that of Naphtali (xix. 37). The latter is thought to be here meant, as it is mentioned with others that were situated in the northern parts of Canaan. This was afterwards a Levitical city, and a city of refuge (xx. 7).

23. "Dor, in the coast of Dor."-This seems to have been a place of considerable importance in later times, and is placed by Jerome nine miles to the north of Cæsarea. It was in the tribe of Manasseh, but like Taanach and Megiddo was not possessed by it, because "the Canaanites would dwell in that land" (Judg. i. 27; Josh. xvii. 11). When Solomon divided the country into twelve governments, one of them was "the region of Dor," the governor of which was his own son-in-law (1 Kings iv. 11). It is mentioned in the books of the Maccabees and in Josephus, under the name of Dora. Mr. Buckingham, who, in his Travels in Palestine,' has fully traced its history, describes it as a small village with not more than forty or fifty dwellings, without a mosque, but having a khan for the accommodation of travellers. There is here a small port formed by a range of rocky islets at a short distance from the sandy beach. A ruined castle stands on the north of the town; but there is nothing to convey an idea of the former extent and importance of the place. It is now called Tortoura.


"King of the nations of Gilgal."-Certainly not the Gilgal where the Hebrews formed their first encampment. Waterland, Boothroyd, and others read the word rendered "nations" as a proper name, and for "Gilgal" read "Galile with the Septuagint, thus translating, "king of Goim in Galilee." Compare with Isa. xi. 1; see also the note on re

xiv. 1. We allow the conjecture there stated to apply to this text; but its application to Tidal's kingdom is more doubtful, as there neither Gilgal nor Galilee are expressed.

24. "Tirzah."-It is no where said to what tribe this place belonged. Some place it in Manasseh, and others in Ephraim. After the separation into two kingdoms, Tirzah soon became the capital of Israel, or at least a principal seat of the court, until Samaria was built by Omri and made the metropolitan city. (See 1 Kings xii. 25; xiv. 17; xv. 33; xvi. 6, 8, 9, 15, 17, 23, 24.) The town seems to have been so pleasantly situated, that "beautiful as Tizah," became a proverbial and poetical expression of comparison (Cant. vi. 4). "All the kings thirty and one."-See the note on Judg. i. 7.


1 The bounds of the land not yet conquered. 8 The inheritance of the two tribes and half. 14, 33 The Lord and his sacrifices are the inheritance of Levi. 15 The bounds of the inheritance of Reuben. 22 Balaam slain. 24 The bounds of the inheritance of Gad, 29 and of the half tribe of Manasseh.

Now Joshua was old and stricken in years; and the LORD said unto him, Thou art old and stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much land 'to be possessed.

2 This is the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri,

3 From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, which is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:

4 From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and 'Mearah that is beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites:

5 And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.

6 All the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon unto Misrephoth-maim, and all the Sidonians, them will I drive out from before the children of Israel: only divide thou it by lot unto the Israelites for an inheritance, as I have commanded thee.

7 Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance unto the nine tribes, and the half tribe of Manasseh,

8 With whom the Reubenites and the Gadites have received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond Jordan eastward, even as Moses the servant of the LORD gave them;

9 From Aroer, that is upon the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the river, and all the plain of Medeba unto Dibon;

Heb. to possess it. 2 Or, the cave. Or, the high places of Baal, and house of Baal-meon,

10 And all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, unto the border of the children of Ammon;

11 And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount Hermon, and all Bashan unto Salcah;

12 All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants: for these did Moses smite, and cast them out.

13 Nevertheless the children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.

14 Only unto the tribe of Levi he gave none inheritance; the sacrifices of the LORD God of Israel made by fire are their inherit ance, as he said unto them.

15 ¶ And Moses gave unto the tribe of the children of Reuben inheritance according to their families.

16 And their coast was from Aroer, that is on the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the river, and all the plain by Medeba;

17 Heshbon, and all her cities that are in the plain; Dibon, and 'Bamoth-baal, and Beth-baal-meon,

18 And Jahaza, and Kedemoth, and Mephaath,

19 And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zareth-shahar in the mount of the valley,

20 And Beth-peor, and 'Ashdoth-pisgah', and Beth-jeshimoth,

21 And all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses smote with the princes of Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, which were dukes of Sihon, dwelling in the country.

22 Balaam also the son of Beor, the soothsayer, did the children of Israel slay with the sword among them that were slain by them.

23 And the border of the children of

3 Num. 32. 33. Deut. 3. 12, 13. Chap. 22. 4. 4 Deut. 3. 11. Chap. 12. 4.
6 Deut. 3, 17. 7 Or, springs of Pisgah, or the hill, Num. 31. 8. 9 Or, diviner.

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