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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-THIRD CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION
ON

H. R. 5710

TO AMEND FURTHER THE MUTUAL SECURITY ACT OF 1951, f
AS AMENDED, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES'

I

MARCH 11, 19, 25, 30, APRIL 29, 30, MAY 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 14,

15, 18, 19, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, 28. JUNE 2, 3, 4, 5, AND 6, 1953 -~ v • *

Printed toe the use of the|Committee on Foreign Affairs ,

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UNITED STATES

li(l\-KHNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 33064 WASHINGTON : 1953

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IP

^J CONTENTS
^

LIST OF WITNESSES

Page

March 11, 1953:

Efron, Samuel, Assistant General Counsel, International Matters,

Department of Defense 18

Olmsted, Maj. Gen. George H., Former Director, Office of Military

Assistance, Department of Defense 1

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 18

March 19, 1953:

Nash, Hon. Frank C, Assistant Secretary of Defense 1 23

March 25, 1953:

Merchant, Hon. Livingston T., Assistant Secretary of State for

European Affairs, Department of State 51

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security 41

March 30, 1953:

Hansen, Kenneth R., Acting Deputy Administrator for the Mutual

Defense Assistance Control Act 81

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security 73

April 29, 1953:

Stassen. Hon. narold E., Director for Mutual Security 97

April 30, 1953:

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security 119

May 5, 1953:

Dulles, Hon. John Foster, Secretary of State 142

Humphrey, Hon. George M., Secretary of the Treasury 159

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security 149

Wilson, Hon. Charles E., Secretary of Defense 154

May 6, 1953:

Dulles, Hon. John Foster, Secretary of State 163

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director for Mutual Security 187

May 7,1953:

Bradley, Gen. Omar N., Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff 229

Stewart, Gen. George S., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Department of Defense 236

May 8, 1953:

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs 268

Nash, Hon. Frank C, Assistant Secretary of Defense 255

Wilson, Hon. Charles E., Secretary of Defense 253

May 12, 1953:

Humphrey, Hon. George M., Secretary of the Treasury 281

May 13, 1953:

Merchant, Hon. Livingston T., Assistant Secretary of State for

European Affairs 314

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C, Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Department of Defense 817

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 312

May 14, 1953:

FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 354

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant to the Secretary of State for

Mutual Security Affairs, Department of State 373

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C, Director, Office of Military Assistance,

n Department of Defense 349

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 355

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May 15, 1953: P»f

FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 38

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C, Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Department of Defense 38

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 38

May 18, 1953:

O'Hara, Brig. Gen. John J., Deputy Director, Military Assistance

Division, Headquarters, United States European Command 41

Bidgway, Gen. Matthew B., Supreme Allied Commander, Europe;

Commander in Chief, United States Forces, Europe 389, 4J

May 19, 1953:

Danforth, Comdr. Paul, Department of the Navy 4(

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs 4;

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant for Mutual Security Affairs, Of-

fice of the Secretary of State 4-

Russell, Brig. Gen. Sam, Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4, foreign

military aid, Department of the Army 4

Taylor, Col. Henry, Department of the Air Force 4

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 4

May 20, 1953:

Finlay, Gen. Luke W., Deputy for Defense Affairs, Office, special rep-

resentative, Europe 4

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-

national Security Affairs 4

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 4

May 21, 1953:

Corbett, Col. J. B., Chief, Foreign Military Aid Branch, Office of the

Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4 E

Ernst, Roger, Office, Secretary of Defense £

Halaby, Hon. N. E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Inter-
national Security Affairs 497, t

Martin, Edwin M., special assistant for Mutual Security Affairs,

Office of the Secretary of State!

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C, Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense!

May 22, 1953:

FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security!

Stewart. Maj. Gen. George C, Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security

May 25, 1953:

Bailey, Frazier A., president, National Federation of American Ship-

ping, Inc

Finucane. James, associate secretary, National Council for Prevention

of War

Garnett, Gwinn, American Farm Bureau Federation

Hecht, George J., chairman, American Parents Committee; publisher,

Parents' Magazine

Henkins, Mrs. Clifford N., legislative chairman, National Congress of

Parents and Teachers (presented by Mrs. Edith Fisher, foreign

affairs member)

Kendall, Miss Elizabeth, Washington, D. C

Kittrell, Flemmie P., Women's International League for Peace and
Freedom

Ogg, W. Raymond, international affairs department, American Farm
Bureau Federation

Owens, Thomas R., chairman, foreign affairs subcommittee, CIO legis-
lative committee

Raies, Norman W., public-relations consultant, Washington, D. C

Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, National Grange

Smith, Mrs. David G., Midwest regional director, United States Com-
mittee for UNICEF

Stone, Margaret F., chairman, Citizens' Committee for UNICEF

May 26, 1»53:

Duff, Lt. Col. Daniel D., Office of Assistant for Mutual Security,

United States Air Force .675, 710

Efron. Samuel, Assistant General Counsel, Department of Defense— 710
FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security.. 676, 678
Jernegan, John D.. Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Near East-
ern, South Asian, and African Affairs, Department of State 712

Lourie, Hon. Donald R., Under Secretary of State for Administration,

Department of State 663

Martin. Edwin M., special assistant to the Secretary of State for

Mutual Security Affairs 724

Merchant, Hon. Livingston T., Assistant Secretary of State for Euro-

pean Affairs, Department of State 663

Morton, Hon. Thruston H., Assistant Secretary of State for Congres-

sional Relations, Department of State 664

Rodimon, Capt. W. S., United States Navy, Foreign Military Aid

Branch. Material Control Division, Office of Chief of Naval

Operations 710

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense 674, 681

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 665,

673,678

May 27, 1953:

Andrews, Stanley, Administrator, Technical Cooperation Adminis-

tration 791

Huff, l.t. Col. Daniel D., Office of Assistant for Mutual Security,

United States Air Force 748

Efron, Samuel, Assistant General Counsel, Department of Defense 749

FitzGerald, Hon. D. A., Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security.. 754
Parelman, Samuel T., special assistant to the Assistant Secretary of

State for Far Eastern Affairs, Department of State 760

Robertson, Hon. Walter S., Assistant Secretary of State for Far East-

ern Affairs, Department of State 729

Rodlman, Capt. \V. S., United States Navy, Foreign Military Aid,

Material Control Division, Office. Chief of Naval Operations 748

Stewart. Maj. Gen. Georse C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense 733

Wood. Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security— 729

May 28. 1953:

Cale, Edward G., Jr., Director, Office of Regional American Affairs,

Department of State 848

Gardiner, Arthur Z., Politico-Economic Adviser, Bureau of Near East-
ern, South Asian, and African Affairs, Department of State 812

Radford, Adm. Arthur W., Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet— 846

Sayre, Robert M., Office of Regional American Affairs, Department

of State 849

Stewart, Maj. Gen. George C., Director, Office of Military Assistance,

Office of the Secretary of Defense 843

Wood, Hon. C. Tyler, Deputy to the Director for Mutual Security 811

Jnne 2,1953:

Evans, Dr. E. B., president, Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical

College, Prairie View, Tex 874

Ellis, Ray C., vice president, Raytheon Manufacturing Co., Boston,

Mass 881

Llsrutti, Rt. Rev. Msgr. L. G., executive director, National Catholic

Rural Life Conference 862

Miller, Dr. Raymond W., lecturer, Harvard Graduate Business

School 857

Relsner, John H., executive secretary, Agricultural Missions, Inc., New

York. N. Y 869

Shlshkin, Boris:, director of research, American Federation of Labor.. 883

June 3, 1953:

Andrews, Stanley, Administrator, Technical Cooperation Administra-

tion 893

Qriswold, Lawrence, editor, publisher of Background for Tomorrow

(field of foreign affairs) 989

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