The Ottoman Turks: An Introductory History to 1923
Longman, 1997 - 406 pages
Justin McCarthy's introductory survey traces the whole history of the Ottoman Turks from their obscure beginnings in central Asia, through the establishment and rise of the Ottoman Empire to its collapse after World War One under the pressures of nationalism. Vividly illustrated with many maps, this introductory overview is designed for non-specialists but is written with great authority and with access to original sources. It fills an important gap for an authoritative but accessible account of the rise of one of the world's great civilizations.
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However , watching carefully was not enough to bring in the needed funds . The
government took steps that are not unknown in other countries . First , taxes were
raised . This was done primarily by making the avarız taxes into regular taxes ...
Their flocks gave them needed protein , and they could find or take what other
food they needed . Peasants , on the other hand , were slaves to conditions on
their farms . Unlike the nomads , they could seldom ride to new lands in times of ...
How could the Ottomans stand against the British , the main economic
beneficiaries of the capitulations , when they needed British help for their survival
? Sultan Abdülaziz Mustafa Reşit ' s reforms had been carried out and expanded
by Ali ...
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Origins of the Turks to 1281
The First Ottomans 12811446 33 2 The First Ottomans 12811446
The Ottoman Classical Age 14461566
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