The Ottoman Turks: An Introductory History to 1923
Longman, 1997 - 406 pages
Justin McCarthy's introductory survey traces the whole history of the Ottoman Turks from their obscure beginnings in central Asia, through the establishment and rise of the Ottoman Empire to its collapse after World War One under the pressures of nationalism. Vividly illustrated with many maps, this introductory overview is designed for non-specialists but is written with great authority and with access to original sources. It fills an important gap for an authoritative but accessible account of the rise of one of the world's great civilizations.
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Kapı kulları , the slaves of the sultan The association of Turks and military slavery
reaches back to the Abbasid Caliphate , when it was the Turks who were the
military slaves . Purchased or captured near Transoxania , the slaves were ...
The tradition of military and administrative slaves passed to the Ottomans from
the Great Seljuks through the Rum Seljuks . The first two Ottoman sultans made
use of slaves as commanders and soldiers , but the Ottoman state slave system ...
It was an empire run by slaves . Military slaves ( in Arabic , mamlūk , meaning '
owned ' ) were common in the Middle East . Some were prisoners of war , who
were by centuries - old tradition the property of their conqueror . Some were
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Origins of the Turks to 1281
The First Ottomans 12811446
The Ottoman Classical Age 14461566
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