The Ottoman Turks: An Introductory History to 1923
Longman, 1997 - 406 pages
Justin McCarthy's introductory survey traces the whole history of the Ottoman Turks from their obscure beginnings in central Asia, through the establishment and rise of the Ottoman Empire to its collapse after World War One under the pressures of nationalism. Vividly illustrated with many maps, this introductory overview is designed for non-specialists but is written with great authority and with access to original sources. It fills an important gap for an authoritative but accessible account of the rise of one of the world's great civilizations.
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Taxes were not so simple . They were ... The primary taxes were on agricultural
produce , with a special tax on the most important animal , sheep . Nomads paid
taxes on the pastures they used , farmers on the lands they tilled . Various taxes ...
The tax farm The iltizam or tax farm was based on an auction of the right to collect
taxes from a specific portion of the sultan's property . In theory , whoever offered
the highest sum to the treasury was awarded the concession . In fact , nothing as
Other extraordinary taxes were levelled in time of emergency , avarız taxes .
Another major source of income was the proceeds from auctioning off tax farms ,
which were theoretically given to the highest bidder for a three - year term . At
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Origins of the Turks to 1281
The First Ottomans 12811446
The Ottoman Classical Age 14461566
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