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As white-pot, buttermilk, and curds,
Such as a country-house affords s;

With other victual, which anon

We farther shall dilate upon,

When of his hose we come to treat,

The cupboard where he kept his meat.
His doublet was of sturdy buff,

And though not sword, yet cudgel-proof;
Whereby 'twas fitter for his use,



Who fear'd no blows but such as bruise.

His breeches were of rugged woollen,

And had been at the siege of Bullen


To old King Harry so well known,

Some writers held they were his own.

Through they were lined with many a piece Of ammunition bread and cheese,

And fat black-puddings, proper food


For warriors that delight in blood.

For, as we said, he always chose

To carry vittle in his hose,

That often tempted rats and mice

The ammunition to surprise:


299. This line is referable to the comparative whiteness or lightness of some parts of Hudibras's prominent belly; and the 306th to the marks or wheals thereon (which constitute that whiteness), as if made by the blows of a cudgel; the resemblance of a cudgel being visible in the moon, in front of his person there.

And when he put a hand but in
The one or t'other magazine,

They stoutly in defence on't stood,

And from the wounded foe drew blood;

And till th' were storm'd and beaten out, 325
Ne'er left the fortify'd redoubt.

And though knights errant, as some think,
Of old did neither eat nor drink,-


-But let that pass at present, lest
We should forget where we digrest;
As learned authors use, to whom
We leave it, and to th' purpose come.
His puissant sword unto his side,
Near his undaunted heart, was ty'd;
With basket-hilt, that would hold broth,
And serve for fight and dinner both.

319. The likeness of a rat and a mouse, as given in Fig. 4.



may be seen in the moon (in pale light), near the arm of Hudibras.

354. It may now be necessary to state, that the com.

In it he melted lead for bullets,


To shoot at foes and sometimes pullets;

To whom he bore so fell a grutch,

He ne'er gave quarter t' any such.
The trenchant blade, Toledo trusty,

For want of fighting was grown rusty,
And ate into itself, for lack


Of some body to hew and hack.
The peaceful scabbard where it dwelt,
The rancour of its edge had felt;
For of the lower end two handful
It had devoured, 'twas so manful,


mon principle which I find adopted by all the ancient writers, (namely, that of conceiving the same thing to represent many different things, according to the resemblances to different objects which fancy may ascribe to it) is the governing principle also throughout this Poem. The basket-hilt of the Knight's sword, for instance, represented in Fig. 5.

And so much scorn'd to lurk in case,
As if it durst not shew its face.

This sword a dagger had his page,
That was but little for his age;
And therefore waited on him so,
As dwarfs upon knights errant do.
It was a serviceable dudgeon,
Either for fighting or for drudging.
When it had stabb'd, or broke a head,
It would scrape trenchers, or chip bread;
Toast cheese or bacon, though it were
To bait a mouse trap, 'twould not care.
'Twould make clean shoes, and in the earth
Set leeks and onions, and so forth.




is assigned by the Poet to various uses, according to such fancied resemblances; thus, likewise, the trencher-scraper, the knife, the pistol,

Fig. 6.

and the dagger of the Poem, are to be ascribed to the same prototype in the moon, situate a little to the right of the basket-hilted sword, before drawn in fig. 5. So again, the

In th' holsters at his saddle-bow Two aged pistols he did stow, Among the surplus of such meat

As in his hose he could not get.


These would inveigle rats with th' scent, 395 To forage when the cocks were bent;

trencher itself, the mouse-trap, the pieces of cheese and bacon, the owl,

Fig. 7.

and the shoe, are all to be referred to another and the same prototype there, situate under the pistol just now pointed out, and introduced in fig. 6: and thus too, (if I may go out of my present subject for a moment,) it may be conceived to be not without foundation, that Hamlet, in his dialogue with Osric (in the play), compares the same cloud to a camel, an owzel, and a whale. This likewise is a proper occasion to mention another principle (if indeed it be not the same), which is likewise universally acted upon by the ancient writers, viz., that of making the same thing or country to represent, by subdivision or by union, many different things, characters, or personages, as is evidenced by the horses of the Knight and his Squire, which

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