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Now, those to whom it is given | an augmentation of its members—if thus to believe and know, are bound Christians, your aim must be your own by the most sacred obligations as far and the church's edification and perfecas in them lies to lead others to the tion, perfect unity in the faith, and in same unity of faith and knowledge. the saving knowledge of Christ as the It is true, this is especially the work Son of God, and the great Mediator of the ministry, and for this great pur- comprizing approbation and affection pose special grace is given. But it is with all due honour, trust and obethe part of all, as they can, to promote dience, and full growth in the gifts of the increase of true faith and know- grace,free from childishness and mortal ledge; and it would not be easy per- | infirmities, and full maturity and ripehaps, to fix on an individual thus ness in all those qualifications which gifted himself, who has it not in his are derived to believers from the ful. power to influence aright some others. ness which is in Christ. Such is to Let parents reflect on their duty in this be the aim of the church and of all respect to their children-masters to her true members, as it is the end of their servants—teachers to their scho- all God's dispensations towards us, lars—friends to their friends—and even and that wherein his glory and our inferiors, who by fear, if there be no eternal felicity will be most eminently other way, may be fellow helpers to displayed. There is a fullness in their superiors.

Christ and a fullness to be derived If, my brethren, according to the from him, and there is a certain stagood hand of your God upon you, you ture of that fullness, and a certain belong to the church and people which measure of that stature, both perfect in God hath purchased and preserved to their degree, assigned, in the councils of himself, you are bound each in his God, to every believer. To that perplace to exert yourselves with fidelity fect measure it is certain we can never and zeal, that the truth may be maincome, till we come to heaven ; but it tained among you, and handed down is our duty, as it is our interest and to future generations uncorrupted and our privilege, to press towards the unimpaired. The edifying of the body mark in holy desires and hopes, in of Christ, both now and henceforward, constant endeavours and preparations, is that which Christians should have and so to excite others in the course, much and always at heart. The pre- running in truth, unity and concord, cious treasure of the Gospel is in a we may at last together obtain the permanner lodged with them, and much fect and all glorious prize. of the glory of that Gospel, and of its Let me take occasion from this subbeneficial effects, is made to depend ject, to urge on you, as a Christian conupon those who, as the salt of the gregation, the vast importance and unearth, are to diffuse the savour of their questionable duty of instructing the godliness far and wide, who as the rising generation in the knowledge and lights of the world are to be for the practice of that holy faith which you instruction, direction, quickening and profess. Born in a land where the comfort of those who see and hear lightof the Gospel pre-eminently shines, them.

members of a church in which the If Christians, then, you strive to truths of the Gospel are maintained promote Christianity, to spread aboad and taught, and the holy precepts its doctrines, to build up the church thereof explained and enforced with a which is Christ's mystical body by purity and simplicity to be surpassed, seeking an increase of its grace, and or perhaps equalled, only in the aposto

lical and purest eras of the universal | sometimes abused. It does sometimes, church-you are called upon who are I fear, make the poor discontented with thus highly blessed yourselves—you, their condition, and causes them to whose distinguished happiness it is to think themselves above the duties they be Britons and members of the Church have to perform; it does tempt some of England—you are called on to con- to the practice of crimes; and I will tribute in such manner as you can, not conceal from you my apprehenand with alacrity and zeal, to the sions, that in some instances, the detransmission of the blessings you en- signs of our charitable institutions for joy to after ages; to secure the spi- the education of the poor are extended ritual advantages, with which you too far. But in my advocacy for these yourselves are favoured, to those who institutions I am always disposed to must one day stand up in your stead dwell on their grand object-religious in this country and in this place, and instruction ; and in teaching the word to successive generations. These are of God we cannot do amiss. God has awful thoughts ; but think, my bre- been pleased to give to man a revelathren, seriously what numbers of pre- tion in writing ; it must, therefore, be cious souls yet unborn, or but just en- good that man should read, and it tered on existence, depend in a great must be expedient and charitable to measure at least on you and on your help those who cannot procure teachliberality for their instruction in the word ing for themselves, out of their stores, of life and the way of salvation for who can afford to do more. In so do. their edification and their progress to ing we shall undoubtedly fulfil the wards perfection, their chance or hope will of God. of their ever attaining unto the mea- Without, therefore, going further sure and stature of the fullness of into the question of the abuse of edu. Christ.

cation, let me earnestly entreat you That parents lay under a solemn on the present occasion, to consider obligation according to the means they the poor with a view to their instrucpossess, thus to provide for the spi- tion in righteousness. I ask you not ritual and everlasting welfare of their to make these boys classical scholars children you will readily admit; but or mathematicians, or to render these it has been questioned, how far it is girls accomplished in works of acquireexpedient or charitable to assist those, ment unfitted for their station ; but I whom Providence has not enabled to ask you to assist us in enabling them educate their own children, or who have to read and understand the Scriptures, not the means of obtaining for them to promote their edification, to train proper instruction. It has been said that them up in true religion and virtue, learning tends to lift the poor out oftheir their growth in goodness here, and sphere, and tempts them to affect a their perfection as saints hereafter. I deportment above their station, that it ask you to give us your aid in saving disqualifies them for those pursuits for these children from vice and irreligion, which most of them are destined, and in putting them in the way of godli. what is still worse, that it gives them ness and usefulness, and thus making ability to do that mischief in society them happy themselves and a benefit, which they could not have done, had not a pest, to society. If the boon they been left in ignorance. I wish with of such a rightly ordered education be all my heart that there were any seem- perverted, if the knowledge of letters ing bounds for these objections ; but, be applied to the reading of those vain alas, learning, like all other things, is and corrupting publications that un

happily abound among us, rather than and the knowledge of the Son of God, to the study of God's word, if the towards that perfect maturity which lower classes will abuse the learning the good shall finally attain. It is inthey have obtained through the charity tended for the making of these chil.. of their superiors, wasting their time, dren good Christians, good subjects, which ought to be otherwise occupied, and good neighbours, pious to their in poring over books, which though God, dutiful to their king and other harmless or useful in themselves, are superiors, and true and just and kind unsuited to their condition, and thus to one another, God blessing, and you imbibing notions very improper for by his grace favouring it, this instithem, and neglecting their humbler tution may largely promote the wellduties ; if such be the result, more or being of this populous district. less frequent, of the good we intend, If there be any here who are not it is not our fault, and we cannot have acquainted with the institution, let me it to answer for. Let us only take direct their attention to the notice care that the education of the poor be subjoined to the hymn which has been rightly ordered and conducted by us, sung this evening. “ These schools and the poor, not those who help them, were instituted in the year 1815, for will have to defend the charge of abuse the education of poor children in the of learning, of converting wholesome principles of the established religion; food into deadly poison.

and the number of scholars was usually Life and death are set before us in about two hundred and seventy. They the Scriptures, and all should read the are now united with the parochial Scriptures, that they may know what schools; and great advantages have is thus set before them. If some be already resulted from the undivided so infatuated as to choose death, as to attention which the friends of religimake their very knowledge the vehicle ous education in this parish have thus of leading them to evil, their very been enabled to bestow upon the obmeans of acquaintance with life and jects of their care.” And though these death, a mean to them of death, we are few, I pray for an increase of their must be sorry, but we should not be number. The Treasurer of the discouraged; it only proves to us what National Schools feels it his duty to a little experience in the world con- impress upon the friends of that estafirms, that good abused may be made blishment, the necessity of continuing to produce harm, and that the present their accustomed liberality," a consilife, under all circumstances, abounds derable portion of the funds being apwith temptations to sin.

plied to the general purposes of the I exhort you, then, my brethren, to united schools, I may say indeed the support with liberality the institution chief proportion. “ The Committee for which I am this day called to plead. have pledged themselves to a considerIt is formed on a national plan, it is able annual expence, in order to sedesigned to the bringing up of the cure the advantages of a union with children of the poor in the fear and the parochial schools. It is much to nurture of the Lord, and to the praise be wished that the liberal contributions of his Holy name; for their instruc-of charitable persons may enable the tion in the purest scriptural principles friends of the schools to extend the be. of our church, for their establishment nefit of clothing beyond the limited ia sound doctrine and sober history, for number to which it is at present contheir gradual, perfect, and continual fined.” advancement in the unity of the faith, Let me impress it on you as a sa

cred duty according to the measure of the means vouchsafed to you to join in this work. Thus may you please Godsave these little ones from being tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, every vicious

A Sermon


example; and confer a substantial benefit on your country. Would you be blessed? consider these poor-regard and do good to these otherwise destitute lambs of the flock.

Luke, xxiv. 46, 47.-" Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day; and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.”

You remember it is said of Peter on his first conversion at the lake of Genesaret, that he left his nets and followed Christ, for he and Andrew his brother were fishers. This was the sacrifice which he made. Now it might be supposed, that in the service of such a master, he would never have mentioned these things again or thought of them; but not so, months afterwards, we find him speaking of the sacrifices he had made, as something marvellous, worthy even of Christ's admiration. Lo," says he to him, as though he and his companions had cast all the possessions of the earth away, and trod thrones and sceptres underneath their feet, "Lo, we have left all, and followed thee." Now Peter does not stand alone in this vaunting feeling: we are often like him. How high have we sometimes thought of some little sacrifice we have made for Christ. We say here, that the whole realm of nature, were it ours, would be two small a gift to offer him; but let some trivial loss or suffering be actually incurred for his sake, some slight danger risked, some empty companion, or still more empty pleasure abandoned, and we begin to begrudge immediately.

But look now at the blessed Jesus



himself. O, how unlike his disciples ! O, how still more unlike us! We know not what he gave up for his church. It was more glory, more bliss, than any mind save his own can understand. We know almost as little what he endured. But what does he say of it all? How in the retrospect does he estimate this weighty sacrifice? He speaks of it in this chapter as a thing of course, as a mere matter of duty, as something that we might have anticipated, and ought to have looked for. "O fools," says he to his wondering disciples in the twenty-fifth verse, "O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Ought not Christ to have suffered these things." And again, in this verse, "Thus it behoved" it was right and proper, "Thus it behoved Christ to suffer;" and he goes further, instead of representing his offers of mercy to mankind in their true colour, as the manifestation of a love that passeth knowledge, as a love that might have led earth to wonder for ever, he says "It behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day, and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations beginning at Jerusalem.”

There are Three points for our con

It is,

sideration in these words. First, , and conduct corresponding with it. What the doctrines were which the It includes grief, or sorrow, or conApostles of Christ were to preach ?trition, or self-love, or self-detestaSecondly, How they were to preach tion, that no other grief can equal in them. And THIRDLY, Where? bitterness or duration. But it includes

First, what were the APOSTLES more, it involves a desire to escape out TO PREACH? Now, if we turn to the of the misery it breathes now. last chapter of the Gospel of Mark, we in fact, the return of the revolted sin. shall find the Saviour, in a passage ner from sin and Satan, from the somewhat similar to this, commands world itself to God. Thus is the ofthem to preach the Gospel, “Go ye fended Father to be supplicated, the into all the world,” he says, " and insulted law-giver to be appeased, his preach the Gospel.” Here, he says, sovereign law to be obeyed, his orithey must preach repentance and re- ginal, his best, his only portion to be mission of sins. We apprehend from enjoyed. these two passages thus brought toge- Remission of sins, the second of these ther, that repentance and remission of mercies, is another word for forgivesins are the same as the Gospel, that

ness of sins. It regards God as a they constitute the Gospel, or at all moral governor. In this character he events, are the mercies that most gives his creatures a law, and sancdistinguish and characterize the Gos- tions that law by denouncing punishpel : they undoubtedly are so. Thement against those who violate it. one describes the grace revealed in the Man has rendered himself liable to Gospel as it appears working in the this punishment by his many daring human heart; the other looks up to it transgressions; he has contracted guilt,

a manifestation from above of and become subject to the penalty desovereign goodness. The first, repent. nounced against guilt : and he can ance, is something done on earth in do nothing to escape this penalty. man : the second, remission, is some- He cannot undo his sin, he cannot thing done in heaven for man.

atone for it, he walks about the world You know, brethren, what the first of bound over to a fearful condemnation these, repentance, is. It is not what the the moment he leaves the world. Now world deems it—it is not a mere ac- forgiveness removes this obligation of knowledgment of sinfulness—not a punishment. It does not render the few tears shed once or twice in a man's

man innocent of the crimes he has life over some great transgression-committed, but it cancels the sentence not that feeling which rises in the denounced against those crimes. It sinner's heart in the morning, when leaves man guilty, but it saves him the night preceding has been a night from the penalty of his guilt. It is an of more than usual transgression; it is act of mercy whereby his guilt is done a powerful, deep, and abiding change away, completely and for ever done upon the whole soul-it is a state of away, and he restored to liberty, and mind suited to man's character and safety, and favour. He moves about man's circumstances. He is a sinner, now secure from condemnation, as a great sir.ner, a condemned sinner, a though there were no law in existence ; lost sinner, an attainted sinner, nay, no more in danger of the wrath of more, a helpless sinner. Repentance God, as though that wrath were anniis the discovery of this, the feeling of hilated, as high in the favour of heaven it, and such a feeling that leads to as the angels who have never sinned. emotions and desires and purposes Forgiveness is a single mercy, the


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