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theoretical estimate, but a practicalesti- | liever than just a religious education, mate; and that the cross of the Saviour or an enlistment under the banners of is virtually the only standard by which a human party, or an expertness in we can judge the guilt of the sinner.

quoting and applying the terms and If it be asked, how can you mea- phrases of an evangelical vocabulary, sure, how can you delineate that fear- why then you might go round pew ful disruption which has severed the by pew in the crowded arena of a sinful and erring world, on which professing congregation, and write we dwell, from the obedient ranks of down the name of almost every indian unfallen creation, how can you set vidual in the listening mass, as of a forth that total alienation which trans- being who well knew the enormity of gression has introduced between the transgression against the Lord. But creature and the Creator ? then I sim- the historical acquaintance is not ply speak to you of the enormous enough,—and the verbal familiarity is machinery which was needful in order not enough; the obedience of Christ, to bring back the wandering planet the passion of Christ, the crucifixion, into the galaxy of heavenly favour-I the burial, the resurrection of Christ, dwell only on the mightiness of the an intellectual knowledge of those, a process by which the alienation was mere mental and scientific dealing with overthrown, and the very extremes of salvation, oh, it is nothing better than intelligent being, a righteous God, and the showy pomp of a baby's pageant, a fallen man, were brought into har- and just places its possessor on the monious union, and thus I would pre- level with the fireside student of milisume man's degradation by Christ's tary tactics, every thing as a describer humiliation, and use no plumb-line of a warrior's evolutions, nothing as with which to fathom the abyss of an achiever of a warrior's exploits. human corruption, save the golden If a man have been taught to gaze on chain of mercy, which was let down Christ with mingled awe and amazefrom heaven at the Redeemer's incar.

ment and agony, to read in his every nation.

pang the bitter wrath of the Almighty And now, brethren, if I carry with against sin, to discover in the mysteme your acquiescence to this statement, rious and fearful woe which poured that the heniousness of sin can only itself over his spotless soul, the rushbe known from an accurate acquaint- ings of that tremendous deluge which ance with the mediatorial offices of human transgression hath let loose Christ, then you at once agree to the upon creation, why then truly, he shutting out from such knowledge all knows something of a crucified Rethose who have not been born by the deemer, and something consequently Spirit which is from above. Oh, if of the immensities of sin ; but I it were enough to possess a familiar maintain, that such a contemplation historical acquaintance with Redemp- was never produced, by the keenest tion, to know the mission and the exercise of mere natural · faculties. deeds of Christ just as a school-boy All men, by their unassisted vision, does the exploits of Cæsar—if it were can see Christ dying—no man withenough to have perused the written out the aid of a spiritual telescope can record, and to have mastered syste- see Christ dying for him ; he will tell matically the arrangements of the you that it is for sin Christ dies, but scheme which the Bible developes—if he does not feel that it is for sin Christ there were nothing more required to dies; and not feeling it, he does not constitute a sincere and steadfast be- see it; if he saw it, he would be aghast

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and shrink and grow suddenly per accounted strange and inexplicable. turbed, for he would see his own con- What can be seen of the atonement demnation beneath the holy and vio- until we see sin as deserving an infilated law of his Maker. Whereas he nite penalty? What can be seen of im. sees the cross only as he might see a puted righteousness until we see ourpillar set up on some distant mountain; selves so depraved by the fall, that we there may be an inscription on this can present to God no obedience of our pillar, a direction, a threatening, a own? What can be seen of the sancti. warning; but his naked eye conveys fying influences of faith, influences to him no notices save of a tall monu- which supply unto their possessors all ment resting, as it were, against the the place of an extended code of moral blue heavens; and unless he be fur- enactments, until we see the utter nished with some instrument from the vileness of the estate from which Christ optician's manufactory, he will remain rescues, and the magnitude of the obli. as utterly ignorant of the engraving as gation which binds us to him with all if he had never beheld the pillar. And the bonds of a most loving devotion ? this lack of a magnifying glass is pre- I am persuaded, that the more you cisely the deficiency which in spiritual search into the causes of that repugthings is supplied by regeneration ; the nance which is manifested by carnal Spirit places nothing new on the cross men towards the humbling but gloof Christ, but it helps the sinner to rious doctrines of the Gospel, the more discern what is there already; it will you find that an erroneous estistrengthens his vision, or rather gives mate of the heinousness of sin is at him fresh organs, so that he can de. the root of all this virulent opposition. cypher the inscription, and thus it What are all the denials of free grace, comes to pass, that “ Except a man of God's electing to himself a belieybe born again he cannot see the king- ing rempant—of the sufficiency of faith dom of God.”

-of man's need of supernatural assistNow, brethren, I have thus discours- ance-what, I say, are the denials of ed to you on the knowledge of sin, these doctrines, doctrines which may just as though our whole acquaintance be called the very life’s-blood of Chriswith the Gospel, so far at least as our tianity, save just so many natural and present condition is concerned, were necessary results of an ignorance of resolvable into this knowledge of sin; the poisonous and pestilential characand, in real truth, although a know- ter of sin ? In proportion as man ledge of the Gospel comprehends a thinks lightly of sin, he thinks well of vast variety of departments, yet a himself; and in proportion as he thinks knowledge of sin is, as it were, the well of himself, he presumes on his passport which admits us into the se- own capacities; and so long as there crets of the kingdom. Until there be is a conceit of human ability, there a knowledge of the disease, it is not will be a correspondent contempt of possible there should be any know- Divine interference. Hence it were ledge of the remedy ; and the scheme certainly lawful to affirm, that the of salvation adapts itself with such knowledge of sin is the very eye-glass nice and accurate precision to the pe- in the spiritual telescope-take it away, culiar circumstances of fallen beings, and the whole field of view becomes that unless there be a due apprecia- dim and misty and confused-insert it, tion of these circumstances, there is and all the magnificient forms of mercy much in the scheme which must ap- and victory and deliverance walk brilpear useless, and much which will be liantly before us in their native stature,

and man looks upon the Gospel just as an astronomer on the milky way in the firmament, so that where he had discerned nothing but a general brightness, he finds separate stars, each illustrious in its splendours. And all I ask of you is, whether, since it is impossible that the Gospel be seen unless the evil of sin is known, and this evil of sin cannot be known, as I have explained to you, except by the regenerate, is it not a most just assertion, an assertion that may be vindicated in its literal and grammatical acceptation, that "Ex-spiration; and thus it will be true, cept a man be born again he cannot that he cannot see the kingdom of GoD, see the kingdom of God?" inasmuch as he cannot see aught of gladdening and gorgeous dominion in those descriptions of the saint's empire which have been put forth by Deity.

even when thus taken, it is true in the present life just as well as in the next, that " Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." If he be not regenerate, he will have no relish for such a heaven as is described to us in the Bible; he will not see, he will not discern, any thing of heaven, any thing of joy, any thing of rapture, any thing of deep and lovely tranquillity, in those sketches and portraitures of Paradise which are scattered up and down in the pages of in

But I dismiss the first head of discourse as sufficiently considered, and I turn now your attention to the SECOND, which proposes to enlarge on the Gospel as invisible to the unregenerate man, in respect of THE FINAL BLESSEDNESS INTO WHICH IT ADMITS US.

The idea most naturally suggested to the mind by the expression, "The kingdom of God," is that of the rich and beautiful home which, honoured by the especial presence of the Most High, is fashioned and prepared for the residence of justified spirits; and when mention is made of our ing this kingdom, or of our entering into this kingdom, then the mind almost unavoidably turns to that future reception into the celestial abode, which awaits the faithful followers of the Lamb. I do not argue that this idea is in any sense erroneous, but I argue that it is much too straitened and confined. Heaven is a scene, the full enjoyment of which is future, but foretastes of which are allotted us during our present pil-wrenched away which belonged to him grimage; and hence, though it can- in the days of his young creation; and not be gazed on in all the realities of into this void you may empty the gold and the silver of earth, and the honours its shining circuits, it may still be seen through the radiant vistas of a sunny of distinction, and the pleasures of voprospective. I am ready, therefore, to luptuousness, and the more precious take this expression, "The kingdom of stores of intellectual wealth and virtuGod," in its most common significa- ous endeavour, and the effect is the tion; but I would also maintain, that same as though a child had thrown

Now I shall study to follow out this topic in some few of its details, my first enquiry being, whether any of those theorists, who have arisen amongst men, were ever able to conceive or express in what true happiness consists? There has been much written, and much prated concerning that which philosophers are wont to call the chief good; but oh, it were enough to cloud with melancholy the see-spirit of man, in his most joyous moments, just to remember in what a hopeless and heart-sickening pursuit of painted shadows they have involved themselves, by whom any of these academical treatises have been adopted as manuals, and who have followed a polished moral essayist as their guide in searching after solid enjoyment. There is a void in man which incontestibly proves that something has been

pebbles into one of the earth's high voluptuous, and all that can charm caverns; there is a moment's amuse- the sensual, thronged the eternity ment in listening to the rough musick which he promised to his followers. wrung from the rocky surfaces, but it was no marvel that the Saracens the chasm still gapes insatiable as the flocked gladly round a prophet, who grave; you must cast in immortality taught them, that by the bold enterthe love of the eternal and infinite prizes of war in his cause, they should Creator, and then, and not till then, insure to themselves admission into will the void be satisfied, and the rest the perpetual enjoyment of all in which less craving after some mighty object, the most carpal imagination can deover which to pour the spirit, own it- light to revel; and certainly it were self in any sense appeased. But the but a mockery of your understandings love of God is a principle which never if I should stay to prove to you, that a found place in human ethics; it is Mahomedan's notion of heaven strikabove them, it is beyond them, it is ingly evinces that he can see nothing too refined, too sublime, too stupen-“of the kingdom of God." dous. The natural heart has no power

But whilst the men of Christendom of discovering how completely happi-are not iu danger of being deceived with ness is resolvable into this love of God the expectation of a sensual Paradise, as its prime constituent element; it we meet constantly with ideas of what cannot see it, and it will not believe it; may be termed an intellectual Paradise. and since heaven is depicted as the I think that very commonly literary possession of a full and unallayed love men, if they be also in any sense reliof the Almighty, will it not follow that gious men, associate heaven with the incapacity of the unregenerate man larger developements of science and to see happiness in the love of God general knowledge they look to enamounts to an incapacity of seeing joy in futurity the society of beings heaven in the scriptural representation of an illustrious genius, they dwell of heaven, and what is this but a vi- with complacency on the wide and vid illustration of the truth, that “Ex- burning fields of intelligence which cept a man be born again, he cannot may then be thrown open to the exsee the kingdom of God."

patiations of their spirits, on the vivid But I will subjoin some further ex- light which will then be cast over the hibitions of the point under review, most mysterious and perplexing phefor it is one deserving your particular nomena, and thus they hang with attention; I will refer you for a few much of rapture on the thought, that moments to the popular notions of the future shall unravel all intricacies heaven, and, showing you their glar- of the present—that secrets, on the ing inconsistency with the statements exploring of which the labour and the of the Bible, will leave you again to talent of successive generations have conclude, that carnal men cannot see been verily squandered, shall be laid “the kingdom of God.” We all know open to their gaze; and that permitted, what is meant by a Mahomedan Pa- it may be, to range from one bright radise—we all know, that when the station in the universe to another, they Arabian impostor, the shooting star of shall gather continually an exuberant the Revelations, promulgated his sys- harvest of wondrous discoveries, and tem of blasphemous deceit, he painted be admitted by the Creator into all the heaven under the aspect most calcu- arcana of his most splendid operations. lated to allure the natives of an eastern Brethren, I do believe that we shall climate, and all that can fascinate the move hereafter in so noble and en

larged a sphere of being, that the ness that he should ever utter words knowledge which the acutest among which are tinctured with harshness. I us can now attain of the works of turn to all that the Bible delineates of Omnipotence, will appear nothing the joys and the occupations of heaven, better than the veriest ignorance, when and I find nothing but one uniform recompared with that which shall then presentation of rapture derived from be imparted. But although there may communion with the LORD, and ecbe nothing unlawful in allowing the stasy experienced in beholding and thought of this extension of knowledge celebrating the majesties of the Lamb. to enter into our musings on heaven, I find nothing but incidental yet brilyet it is decidedly carnal to allow such liant notices, which exhibit to me the a thought a strong and prominent gladness of immortality as resulting place; and I look upon it as one of from contemplations of the Redeemer the delusions of Satan, to lead men as he is, and from the privilege of to fall in love with a paradise mingling with a countless assembly of their own creating, and then to chaunting to the harpings of golden fancy it the Paradise of their Maker's harps their lofty praises of salvation. creating. It is just the cheat and jug- There is much of simile drawn indeed glery of the evil one to make that from material scenery; but nothing heaven whose prime rapture results can be more palpable than that such from a knowledge of God in Christ, simile is adapted in condescension to seem identical with an ideal heaven the weakness of our capacities, and glowing with a knowledge of God in that its simple scope is to pourtray the nature, and thus to persuade an un- spiritual enjoyment of presence with regenerate man that he is anticipating Christ, and of the immediate mani. with delight the portion of the regene- festations of his glory and his love. rate man, whereas the unscriptural And whilst I thus find that God in imagery on which he is gazing pro- Christ is a believer's heaven, what shall claims with a voice like a clarion's be said of that religious romance which blast, that, “Except a man be born would identify heaven with the memory again he cannot see the kingdom of of dear and buried kindred-pointing God.

to the shore of the celestial Canaan, There is another point on which I not as the scene in which Christ shall would touch briefly and gently-gently, be met, but as the spot where we shall because it is bound up with the kind rush again to the warm embrace of liest sensibilities of our nature, and it some being, over whose ashes we have is not requisite to a minister's faithful- wept the bitter tears of weary months.

(To be continued.)

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