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Page Testimony of-Continued
White, Mary Jo, Former U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of N.Y. ... 495 Supplemental Materials: Listing of proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1990–Present
615 Selected Events in the Chronology of Terrorism, 1982–2001
395 Statement of Dr. Bruce Hoffman, Vice President, External Affairs and Director, Rand Corporation, August 20, 2002
413 Declassified findings and recommendations from the Senate Select Com
mittee on Intelligence inquiry into intelligence collection, reporting,
441 Hearing held in Washington, D.C., October 17, 2002
619 Testimony of:
Hayden, Lieutenant General Michael V., USAF, Director, National Security Agency
784 Hill, Eleanor, Staff Director, Joint Inquiry Committee
672 Mueller, Hon. Robert, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
748 Tenet, Hon. George J., Director of Central Intelligence
704 Statement of:
Clapper, Lieutenant General James R., USAF, Ret., Director, National
687 Jacoby, Rear Admiral Lowell E., U.S. Navy, Acting Director, Defense Intelligence Agency
696 Supplemental Materials:
August 22, 2002 Letter from International Association of Chiefs of Police
to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 766 December 20, 2001 Letter from Maryland Chiefs of Police Association
to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 768 May 1, 2002 Letter from New York State Police to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
770 June 14, 2002 Letter from Orange County Sheriff's Office to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
772 June 24, 2002 Letter from Institute for Intergovernmental Research to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
774 July 25, 2002 Letter from Chief of Police, Town of Cary, to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
777 August 29, 2002 Letter from Omaha Police to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
779 August 5, 2002 Letter from City of Orlando to Robert Mueller, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
780 List of CIA and FBI Failures prepared by Senator Carl Levin
810 Expanded version of Eleanor Hill statement
of September 24, 2002
647 June 18, 2002 declassified statement of George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence
JOINT COMMITTEE HEARING ON COUNTER-
AGENCIES AND WITH STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN REVIEW OF THE EVENTS OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2002
U.S. SENATE, SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE AND
U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, PERMANENT SELECT
Washington, D.C. The Committees met, pursuant to notice, at 10:15 a.m., in Room 216, Hart Senate Office Building, the Honorable Bob Graham, Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, presiding.
Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Members Present: Senators Graham, Shelby, Rockefeller, Feinstein, Wyden, Mikulski, Roberts, and De Wine.
House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence Members Present: Representatives Goss, Boehlert, Gibbons, Hoekstra, Burr, Pelosi, Bishop, Harman, Roemer, Boswell, Peterson and Cramer.
Chairman GRAHAM. I call to order the Joint Inquiry of the House and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. This is the sixth open hearing by our committees as we consider our joint inquiry into the Intelligence Community's performance regarding the September 11 tragedies. During the course of our investigation, we have considered questions about the sharing of information among the major parts of our intelligence community, the CIA, NSA and the FBI, as well as between law enforcement and the intelligence components, particularly of the FBI. Today we will focus on several other aspects of information sharing.
One is the sharing of information between the principal elements of the Intelligence Community and a range of Federal agencies, such as the Federal Aviation Administration and the Immigration and Naturalization Service, which are important users of intelligence information and which also may generate intelligence information of use to others.
A second issue is the sharing of intelligence information between the Federal Government and State or local governments as well as parts of the private sector. To discuss these two issues this morning, we will have a staff report by our staff director, Ms. Eleanor Hill, and then a panel. The panel will include the Honorable James S. Gilmore, III, former Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia and chairman of the Advisory Panel to Assess the Capabilities for Domestic Response to Terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction; Ambassador Francis X. Taylor, coordinator for counterterrorism at the Department of State; Mr. Claudio Manno, acting Associate Under Secretary for Intelligence at the Transportation Security Agency; Mr. Joseph B. Greene, Assistant Commissioner for Investigations, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service; Mr. Louis E. Andre, Special Assistant to the Director for Intelligence, J-2 of the Defense Intelligence Agency; and Edward T. Norris, Police Commissioner for the City of Baltimore.
Additionally, the committee has received three statements for the record that will be that will not be accompanied by oral testimony. These three statements for the record are by David M. Walker, Comptroller General of the United States, Rear Admiral Lowell Jacoby, acting director, Defense Intelligence Agency; and Robert C. Norris, Jr., Chair Operations Information Technology Department of the National Defense University.
I ask unanimous consent that each of these statements be made part of the record of this hearing.
Chairman Goss. So move, Mr. Chairman. [The prepared statements of Mr. Walker, Admiral Jacoby, and Mr. Norris follow:]
Messrs. Chairmen and Members of the Committees:
Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, both the Administration and Congress have focused on the performance of the intelligence community and whether intelligence and other information is effectively shared - between federal agencies, with state and local law enforcement and other officials, and with private entities - to prevent or respond to terrorist attacks. Both the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence have, in their joint inquiry, helped to illuminate many issues from which lessons can be drawn to improve how our intelligence community and other homeland security stakeholders share, analyze, integrate and disseminate important information, both at home and overseas.
Today, governments at all levels, as well as private sector entities, recognize that they have a greater role to play in protecting the nation from terrorist attacks. To achieve this collective goal, homeland security stakeholders must more effectively work together to strengthen the process by which critical information can be shared, analyzed, integrated and disseminated to help prevent or minimize terrorist activities. The work of these committees and of others in Congress and the Administration in crafting solutions to leverage agencies' abilities and willingness to share timely, useful information is critical to the fundamental transformation required in our homeland security community to ensure an affordable, sustainable and broad-based response to new and emerging threats to our country. In your request that GAO provide a statement for the record, you asked us to focus on the information sharing activities of the intelligence, law enforcement, and other agencies involved in homeland security, as well as the role of state and local governments and the private sector. You also requested that we provide a description and status of the principal recommendations we have made related to combating terrorism.
We have developed an extensive body of work on combating terrorism over the years and more recently we have issued a number of reports on homeland security. Based on GAO's Stralegic Plan issued in January 2000, which included a new emphasis on addressing key emerging threats to national security in a post-Cold War environment, GAO issued many reports prior to September 11" on combating terrorism and related matters. At the request of Congress, or on our own initiative, we currently have more than 80 engagements under way to examine a variety of