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Licensing Mass Destruction Page 25 of 25

laboratories at the Sa'ad 16 Research and Development Center.

7. Sa'ad General Establishment, letter of May 3, 1986 from H. A. AlDahan to Gildemeister Projecta.

8. U.S. Department of Commerce, Memorandum to John Knofala from Willard A. Workman, August 12, 1986.

9. Quartz crystals are missile technology items if "usable as launch and ground support equipment" under commodity control number (ECCNNo.) 1587. See Part 779, Supplement Four, U.S. Export Administration Regulations (April, 1987).

10. See Part 779, Supplement Four, U.S. Export Administration Regulations (April, 1987).

11. U.S. Export Administration Regulations, Supplement No. 1 to Part 778, p. 1.

12. U.S. Export Administration Regulations, Sections 776.18 (missile technology) and 778.4 (nuclear technology).

13. Henry Weinstein, "Despite Warning, U.S. Okd Sale of Missile Part to Iraq," Los Angeles Times, April 9, 1991. p. A7.

14. Id.

15. Sa'ad General Establishment, letter of May 3, 1986 from H. A. AlDahan to Gildemeister Projecta.

16. Mark Hibbs, "Intelligence Reports Identify Two Sites As Key to Iraqi Weapons Program," Nuclear Fuel, January 21, 1991, p. 3.

17. Mark Hibbs, "Intelligence Reports Identify Two Sites As Key to Iraqi Weapons Program," Nuclear Fuel, January 21, 1991, p. 3.

18. "A Civilian Project of Mosul University," Stern (Hamburg), January 26, 1989. See also Alan George and Herbert Lansinger, "Rocket Merry-Go-Round," Profil (Vienna), March 20, 1989, pp. 3638, translated in.JPRSTND, May 5, 1989, pp. 31-34.

19. International Imaging Systems, press statement, January 29, 1991.

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http://www.wisconsingroject.org/pubs/reports/1991/licensemd.html 11/19/2002

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

SEPTEMBER 19, 2002

QUESTIONS SUBMITTED BY MR. TAYLOR

Mr. TAYLOR. How many years do you think it will be, if it has not already occurred, before either a terrorist state or a terrorist organization purchases a working weapon of mass destruction in the former Soviet Union?

Dr. MILHOLLIN. It is by no means inevitable that a nuclear weapon could one day be sold from the former Soviet Union to a terrorist organization—even though the possibility cannot be ruled out. In my opinion, it is more likely that the means to make a nuclear weapon will be sold. The former Soviet Union is already being used as the source for nuclear-related items purchased by countries such as Iran, which has ties to terrorist organizations. There is also the risk that nuclear weapon fuel could be stolen from the many locations in the former Soviet Union where it is kept under less-than-secure conditions.

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