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Each military department (the Department of the Navy includes naval aviation and the United States Marine Corps) is separately organized under its own Secretary and functions under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense. The Secretary of each military department is responsible to the Secretary of Defense for the operation and efficiency of his department. Orders to the military departments are issued through the Secretaries of these departments, or their designees, by the Secretary of Defense or under authority specifically delegated in writing by the Secretary of Defense or provided by law.
The commanders of unified combatant commands are responsible to the President and the Secretary of Defense for accomplishing the military missions assigned to them and exercising command authority over forces assigned to them. The operational chain of command runs from the President to the Secretary of Defense to the commanders of the unified combatant commands. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff functions within the chain of command by transmitting the orders of the President or the Secretary of Defense to the commanders of the unified combatant commands.
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Defense The Secretary of to the Secretary of Defense for policy Defense is the principal defense policy matters relating to overall international adviser to the President and is
security policy and political-military responsible for the formulation of
affairs. Functional areas include NATO general defense policy and policy related affairs; net assessments; foreign military to DOD, and for the execution of
sales; arms limitation agreements; approved policy. Under the direction of
international trade and technology; the President, the Secretary exercises
regional security affairs; special authority, direction, and control over the
operations and low-intensity conflict; Department of Defense.
integration of departmental plans and Deputy Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense is delegated objectives; drug control policy,
policies with overall national security full power and authority to act for the
requirements, priorities, systems, Secretary of Defense and to exercise the
resources, and programs; and issuance of powers of the Secretary on any and all matters for which the Secretary is
policy guidance affecting departmental
programs. authorized to act pursuant to law.
Personnel and Readiness The Under Acquisition and Technology The Under
Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology is the principal staff assistant
Readiness is the principal staff assistant and adviser to the Secretary of Defense
and adviser to the Secretary of Defense for all matters relating to the acquisition
for policy matter relating to the structure system, research and development, test
and readiness of the Total Force. and evaluation, production, logistics,
Functional areas include: readiness; military construction, procurement, and
civilian and military personnel policies, economic affairs. The Under Secretary programs, and systems; civilian and serves as the Defense acquisition
military equal opportunity programs; executive with responsibility for
health policies, programs, and activities; supervising the performance of the entire Reserve Component programs, policies, Department acquisition system and and activities; family policy, dependent's chairing the Defense Acquisition Board. education, and personnel support Policy The Under Secretary of Defense programs; and mobilization planning for Policy is the principal staff assistant and requirements.
Command, Control, Communications, evaluation in the Department of Defense and Intelligence The Assistant Secretary and is the principal test and evaluation of Defense (Command, Control,
official within the senior management of Communications, and Intelligence (C31)) the Department. is the principal staff assistant and adviser In addition, the Secretary and Deputy to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Secretary of Defense are assisted by a Defense for C31, information
special staff of assistants to include the management, counterintelligence, and Assistant Secretary of Defense for security countermeasures matters,
Legislative Affairs; the General Counsel; including warning reconnaissance and the Inspector General; the Assistant to intelligence and intelligence-related the Secretary of Defense for Intelligence activities conducted by the Department Oversight; the Assistant Secretary of of Defense.
Defense for Public Affairs; the Director Operational Test and Evaluation The of Administration and Management; and Director of Operational Test and
such other officers as the Secretary of Evaluation serves as the principal staff Defense establishes to assist him in assistant and adviser to the Secretary of carrying out his duties and Defense on operational test and
Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the principal military adviser to the President, the National Security Council, and the Secretary of Defense. The other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are military advisers who may provide additional information upon request from the President, the National Security Council, or the Secretary of Defense. They may also submit their advice when it does not agree with that of the Chairman.
Subject to the authority of the President and the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is responsible for:
-assisting the President and the Secretary of Defense in providing for the strategic direction and planning of the Armed Forces;
-allocating resources to fulfill strategic plans;
-making recommendations for the assignment of responsibilities within the Armed Forces in accordance with and in
support of those logistic and mobility plans;
- comparing the capabilities of American and allied Armed Forces with those of potential adversaries;
-preparing and reviewing contingency plans that conform to policy guidance from the President and the Secretary of Defense;
-preparing joint logistic and mobility plans to support contingency plans; and
-recommending assignment of logistic and mobility responsibilities to the Armed Forces to fulfill logistic and mobility plans.
The Chairman advises the Secretary of Defense on critical deficiencies and strengths in force capabilities (including manpower, logistic, and mobility support) and assesses the effect of such deficiencies and strengths on meeting national security objectives and policy and on strategic plans. He establishes and maintains a uniform system for evaluating the preparedness of each unified combatant command to carry out assigned missions.
The Chairman advises the Secretary of Defense on the priorities of the requirements identified by the commanders of the unified combatant commands and on the extent to which program recommendations and budget
The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs performs duties assigned by the Chairman, with the approval of the Secretary of Defense. The Vice Chairman acts as Chairman when there is a vacancy in the office of the Chairman, or in the absence or disability of the Chairman. The Vice Chairman, while so serving, holds the grade of general or admiral and outranks all other officers of the Armed Forces except the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
proposals of the military departments and other DOD components for a fiscal year conform with priorities established in requirements of the unified combatant commands. He is responsible for submitting to the Secretary alternative program recommendations and budget proposals with guidance provided by the Secretary, in order to achieve greater conformance with priorities established by the unified combatant commands. The Chairman also advises the Secretary on the extent to which major programs and policies of the Armed Forces in the area of manpower conform with strategic plans and assesses military requirements for defense acquisition programs.
Additionally, the Chairman:
-formulates doctrine and training policies and coordinates military education and training;
-represents the United States on the Military Staff Committee of the United Nations;
-performs such other duties as may be prescribed by law or by the President and the Secretary of Defense;
-convenes and presides over regular meetings of the Joint Chiefs of Staff;
-assists the Joint Chiefs in carrying on their business as promptly as practicable; and
-schedules issues for consideration by the Joint Chiefs.
The Chairman, while so serving, holds the grade of general or admiral and outranks all other officers of the Armed Forces.
The Joint Staff under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff assists the Chairman and, subject to the authority of the Chairman, the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in carrying out their responsibilities.
The Joint Staff is headed by a Director who is selected by the Chairman in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and with the approval of the Secretary of Defense. Officers assigned to serve on the Joint Staff are selected by the Chairman in approximate equal numbers from the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force. The Joint Staff is composed of all members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees assigned or detailed to permanent duty to perform the functions assigned to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Sources of Information
Contracts and Small Business Activities Contact the Director, Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Room 2A340, The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-3061. Phone, 703-697-9383. DOD Directives and Instructions Correspondence and Directives Directorate, Washington Headquarters Services, Room 2A286, The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-1155. Phone, 703-697-4111.
Employment Almost all positions are in the competitive service and are filled from civil service registers. College recruiting requirements are limited primarily to management intern positions at the B.S. and M.S. levels. For additional information, inquiries should be addressed to the Chief, Staffing Division, Directorate for Personnel and Security, Washington Headquarters Services, Room 2E148, The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-1155. Phone, 703-614_4066.
Films The Department of Defense has Friday, excluding Federal holidays. The certain motion pictures and videotapes 1-hour tours start at the Concourse. For available for public, nonprofit exhibition. further information or reservations, call These are productions required to
703-695–1776; or write: Pentagon Tour support training and internal information Director, Room 3C1054, Washington, objectives. There is a catalog of
DC 20301-1400. productions available to the public for Speakers Scheduling of speaking sale from the National Technical
engagements for civilian and military Information Service, 5285 Port Royal representatives of the Department of Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Each Defense is a responsibility of the Service has its own catalog for internal Director for Programs, Office of the use. Interested persons should contact Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public the nearest installation of each Service to Affairs. Speakers on a variety of defense obtain the appropriate address of the subjects are available in response to film/videotape distribution center serving invitations at no cost to the local that area. Additionally, the Public Affairs sponsor. However, any speaker can Office of each Service at its headquarters accept transportation, meals, and in Washington, DC, should be
lodging, if offered by the sponsor of the contacted. There is no charge for listings public event in which he is to of films. No admission or any other fees participate. may be charged for viewing of films and Written requests for speakers should each film must be shown in its entirety, be forwarded to the Director for including all titles at beginning and end; Community Relations, Office of the no portion of the film may be
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public reproduced, edited, or cut in any
Affairs, The Pentagon, Washington, DC manner; and qualified operators must be 20301-1400 (phone, 703–695–2113); or provided by the borrower. Interested to the Public Affairs Officer of the purchasers of Department of Defense
nearest military installation. films may also contact the Sales Branch, Telephone Directory The Department National Audio-Visual Center, 8750 of Defense telephone directory is Edgeworth Drive, Capitol Heights, MD available for sale by the Superintendent 20743-3701. Phone, 301-763-1896. of Documents, Government Printing Pentagon Tours Guided tours of the Office, Washington, DC 20402. Phone, Pentagon are available Monday through 202-512-1800.
For further information concerning the Department of Defense, contact the Director, Directorate for Public Communication, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-1400. Phone, 703-697-5737.
DOD FIELD ACTIVITIES
American Forces Information Service
Bird), the Armed Forces Radio and