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constitutional law, State, Federal, and judge proceedings are mandated by the foreign civil and criminal law.

Immigration and Nationality Act and Office of the Chief Immigration Judge concern allegations of unlawful The Office provides overall direction for employment of aliens, unfair the 178 U.S. immigration judges located immigration-related employment in 34 immigration courts throughout the discrimination, and immigration Nation. Immigration judges are

document fraud. responsible for conducting formal quasi

For further information, contact the Office of judicial proceedings and act

Public Affairs, Executive Office for Immigration independently in their decisionmaking

Review, Department of Justice, Falls Church, VA capacity. Their decisions are

22041. Phone, 703–305-0289. Internet, http:// administratively final, unless appeal or www.doj.gov/eoir/eoir.html. certified to the Board. Through its Criminal Immigration Judge, the Office

United States Parole Commission currently has programs in all 50 States,

5550 Friendship Boulevard, Chevy Chase, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, MD 20815. Phone, 301-492-5990 and selected municipalities and Bureau of Prison facilities to adjudicate the

The granting, denying, or revocation of immigration status of alien inmates parole for eligible Federal offenders rests incarcerated by Federal, State, and

in the discretion of the U.S. Parole municipal correction authorities as a

Commission. The Commission will be result of convictions for criminal

abolished on November 1, 1997, 10 offenses.

years after the implementation of the In exclusion proceedings, an

U.S. Sentencing Guidelines. (The immigration judge determines whether Comprehensive Crime Control Act of an individual arriving from a foreign

1984 abolished the U.S. Parole country should be allowed to enter the Commission and instituted mandatory United States or should be excluded and sentencing for all offenders whose deported. Located throughout the United crimes were committed after November States, each judge has jurisdiction to 1, 1987.) The Commission is also consider various forms of relief available responsible for the supervision of in exclusion proceedings, including paroled or otherwise released offenders applications for asylum and relief under until expiration of their terms and may section 243(h) of the Immigration and discharge parolees early from Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1158, supervision. Under the Labor 1253).

Management Reporting and Disclosure In deportation proceedings, the

Act of 1959 (29 U.S.C. 401 note), the immigration judge determines whether Commission determines whether or not an individual who has already entered persons convicted of certain crimes may the United States is deportable from this serve as officials in the field of organized country. In such proceedings the judge labor or in labor-oriented management also adjudicates applications for the positions; likewise, under the various forms of relief available under Employment Retirement Income and this country's immigration laws. These Security Act of 1974, the Commission include applications for adjustment of determines whether or not such persons status, suspension of deportation,

may provide services to or be employed voluntary departure, relief under section by employment benefit plans. 212(c) of the act (8 U.S.C. 1182), and The Parole Commission presently applications for asylum and withholding consists of six members, appointed by of deportation.

the President with the advice and Office of the Chief Administrative

consent of the Senate. It has sole Hearing Officer The Office is

authority to grant, modify, or revoke responsible for the general supervision of paroles of eligible U.S. prisoners serving administrative law judges in the

sentences of more than 1 year and D.C. performance of their duties under 8 Code prisoners housed in Federal U.S.C. 1324a-1324c. Administrative law institutions. It is responsible for the

supervision of parolees and prisoners reviewing grant applications, maintaining released upon the expiration of their liaison with the Office of Justice sentences with allowances for statutory Programs for financial review of good time, and the determination of applications, monitoring grant awards, supervisory conditions and terms. U.S. developing and maintaining databases to probation officers supervise parolees and support policymaking, participating in mandatory releases under the direction the evaluation of the grant programs, of the Commission.

and coordination of the Office's research The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 agenda. Within the Grants gave the Commission jurisdiction over Administration Division are the Police all foreign transfer treaty cases beginning Hiring section and the Program January 1, 1989. For offenses committed Planning, Research and Evaluation after November 1, 1987, the

section. Commission is to apply the guidelines of The Training and Technical Assistance the U.S. Sentencing Commission.

Division is responsible for coordinating

the provision of training and technical For further information, contact the Office of the Chairman, United States Parole Commission,

assistance to advance the adoption, Department of Justice, 5550 Friendship Boulevard,

implementation and sustaining of Chevy Chase, MD 20815. Phone, 301-492–5990. community policing in the thousands of

communities served by the COPS Office. Office of Community Oriented

The Legal Division is responsible for Policing Services

providing legal advice to the Director

and other functional areas of the COPS The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) was created

Office, and for ensuring compliance with with the passage of the Violent Crime

the legal requirements applicable to the Control and Law Enforcement Act of

activities of the COPS Office. 1994 to achieve several goals: to

The Congressional Relations Division

assists Members of Congress in serving advance the philosophy of community

their constituents, thereby facilitating policing as a national law enforcement

greater dissemination of information strategy; to deploy 100,000 new police

about COPS programs and activities, and officers in community policing roles; to

provides input in program design and reinforce partnerships that will sustain

development and policy formulation so community policing; and to evaluate and

that programs and policies reflect demonstrate the effectiveness of

legislative intent and address community policing to improve the

congressional needs. quality of life by reducing the levels of

The Communications Division disorder, violence, and crime in our

provides ongoing information about communities.

community policing and COPS programs The primary activity of the COPS

through every available channel of Office is the awarding of competitive, communication, including timely and discretionary grants directly to law

accurate responses to media inquiries, enforcement agencies across the United

interviews, public events, publications States and its territories. Over the life of and related materials produced by and the COPS Office, approximately $8 for any telecommunication format. billion in grant funding will be made The Intergovernmental and Public available to achieve these goals.

Liaison Division maintains channels for The COPS Office is headed by a communication and feedback regarding Director, appointed by the Attorney COPS programs with representatives of General, and is organized into several interested local, State, and national divisions. The Grants Administration organizations and with local elected Division is responsible for developing officials. and designing new programs to provide Finally, the Administrative Division resources for the hiring of new officers provides support services to the COPS and to further the adoption and

Office, including resource management implementation of community policing, to recruit, train, and maintain a

professional workforce; fiscal resource management to perform the accounting and budget formulation and execution functions necessary to administer the COPS appropriation; facilities management to acquire and maintain space, provide security, and procure supplies, equipment, telephones, and other services; and information resource management.

Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States The Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States is a quasi-judicial, independent agency within the Department of Justice which adjudicates claims of U.S. nationals against foreign governments, either under specific jurisdiction conferred by Congress or pursuant to international claims settlement agreements. The decisions of the Commission are final and are not reviewable under any standard by any court or other authority. Funds for payment of the Commission's awards are derived from congressional appropriations, international claims settlements, or the liquidation of foreign assets in the United States by the Departments of Justice and the Treasury.

the Commission is currently conducting an Albanian Claims Program, adjudicating claims and making awards compensating U.S. nationals for losses resulting from nationalization, expropriation, intervention and other property-taking by the former Communist regime in Albania which took power at the end of World War II.

The Commission is compiling a registry of the estimated $5 billion in outstanding claims against Iraq held by U.S. nationals, in preparation for future Commission adjudication of such claims. Claims to be registered include those that predate the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in August 1990, and certain claims of military personnel or their survivors arising out of Desert Shield and Desert Storm or Iraq's attack on the U.S.S. Stark in 1987.

The Commission recently announced a Holocaust Survivors Claims Program, to adjudicate the claims of U.S. nationals

who were interned and persecuted by the German Nazi regime before and during World War II. The Commission's decisions will be used by the Department of State as the basis for negotiation of a final settlement of such claims with Germany.

In addition, the Commission will play a role in the implementation of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996. Under Title III of the act, Commission determinations on the ownership and value of expropriated property in Cuba which were rendered in its Cuban Claims Program (conducted from 1965-72) will serve as the basis for lawsuits that may be filed by U.S. nationals in the U.S. district court against foreigners who have invested in or otherwise benefited from property formerly owned by the U.S. nationals. The act further designates the Commission as a ''Special Master" available to the courts beginning in 1998 to determine the ownership and value of expropriated property that was not the subject of claims filed in the Commission's Cuban Claims Program.

The Commission also has authority under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended, to receive, determine the validity and amount, and provide for the payment of claims by members of the U.S. armed services and civilians held as prisoners of war or interned by a hostile force in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam conflict, or by the survivors of such service members and civilians.

Finally, the Commission is responsible for maintaining records and responding to inquiries related to the various claims programs it has conducted against the Governments of Yugoslavia, Panama, Poland, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Italy, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Cuba, the German Democratic Republic, the People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Egypt, and Iran, as well as those authorized under the War Claims Act of 1948, and other statutes.

The Commission's organization and functions are defined in the International Claims Settlement Act of 1949, as amended (22 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.), the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended (50 U.S.C. app. 2001 et seq.), the

Balanced Budget Downpayment Act, 1 (Public Law 104-99), and the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity

(LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 (Public Law 104_114).

For further information, contact the Office of the Chair, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States, Department of Justice, Suite 6002, 600 Street NW., Washington, DC 20579. Phone, 202-616-6975; or fax, 202-6166993.

Sources of Information

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Controlled Substances Act Registration Information about registration under the Controlled Substances Act may be obtained from the Registration Section of the Drug Enforcement Administration, P.O. Box 28083, Central Station, Washington, DC 20038. Phone, 202307-7255. Disability-Related Matters Contact the Civil Rights Division's ADA Hotline. Phone, 800-514-0301. TDD, 800-5140383. Drugs and Crime Clearinghouse Phone, 800-666–3332 (toll-free). Employment The Department maintains an agencywide job line. Phone, 202514-3397.

Attorneys' applications: Director, Office of Attorney Personnel Management, Department of Justice, Room 6150, Tenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202-514_1432. Assistant U.S. attorney applicants should apply to individual U.S. attorneys.

United States Marshals Service: Field Staffing Branch, United States Marshals Service, Department of Justice, 600 Army Navy Drive, Arlington, VA 222024210.

Federal Bureau of Investigation: Director, Washington, DC 20535, or any of the field offices or resident agencies whose addresses are listed in the front of most local telephone directories.

Immigration and Naturalization Service: Central Office, 425 l Street NW., Washington, DC 20536 (phone, 202-514-2530); or any regional or district office.

Drug Enforcement Administration: regional offices, laboratories, or Washington Headquarters Office of Personnel.

Bureau of Prisons: Central Office, 320 First Street NW., Washington, DC 20534 (phone, 202-307-3082); or any regional or field office.

Office of Justice Programs, 633 Indiana Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20531. Phone, 202-307-0730.

United States Trustee Program, Room 770, 901 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202-616-1000.

Foreign Claims Settlement Commission: Attorneys: Office of the Chief Counsel, Suite 6002, 600 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20579 (phone, 202-616-6975); Other: Administrative Officer, same address and phone. Housing Discrimination Matters Contact the Civil Rights Division's Housing and Civil Enforcement Section. Phone, 800–896–7743. Immigration-Related Employment Matters The Civil Rights Division maintains a Worker Hotline. Phone, 800-255-7688. TDD, 800–237-2515. It also offers information for employers. Phone, 800-255-8155. TDD, 800–362– 2735. Publications and Films The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin and Uniform Crime ReportsCrime in the United States are available from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.

The Annual Report of the Attorney General of the United States is published each year by the Department of Justice, Washington, DC 20530.

Approximately nine textbooks on citizenship, consisting of teachers manuals and student textbooks at various reading levels, are distributed free to public schools for applicants for citizenship and are on sale to all others from the Superintendent of Documents,

Government Printing Office,

an identification manual intended for Washington, DC 20402. Public schools professional use. Single copies are free. or organizations under the supervision of Copies of the Foreign Claims public schools which are entitled to free Settlement Commission's semiannual textbooks should make their requests to (through December 1966) and annual the appropriate Immigration and

(from January 1967) reports to the Naturalization Service Regional Office Congress concerning its activities are (See appropriate section of this manual available at the Commission in limited for mailing addresses.). For general quantities. information, call 202-514-3946.

Reading Rooms Located in The Freedom of Information Act Guide Washington, DC, at: U.S. Department of and Privacy Act Overview and the Justice, Room 6505, Tenth Street and Freedom of Information Case List, both Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, published annually, are available from DC 20530 (phone, 202-514–3775). the Superintendent of Documents,

Bureau of Prisons, 320 First Street NW., Government Printing Office,

20534 (phone, 202-307-3029); Washington, DC 20530; and in

Immigration and Naturalization Service, electronic format through INTERNET- 425 i Street NW., 20536 (phone, 202Library of Congress. ISBN 0-16-042921– 514–2837); Foreign Claims Settlement 8.

Commission, 600 E Street NW., 20579 FOIA Update (Stock No. 727-002- (phone, 202–616-6975). Also at the U.S. 00000–6), published quarterly, is

Parole Commission, 5550 Friendship available free of charge to FOIA offices Boulevard, Chevy Chase, MD 20815 and other interested offices

(phone, 301-492-5959); Board of Governmentwide. This publication is Immigration Appeals, Suite 2400, 5107 also available from the Superintendent of Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041 Documents, Government Printing Office, (phone, 703-305-0168); some of the Washington, DC 20402; and in

Immigration and Naturalization Service electronic format through INTERNET- district offices; and the National Institute Library of Congress.

of Justice, 9th Floor, 633 Indiana Avenue Guidelines for Effective Human

NW., Washington, DC 20531 (phone, Relations Commissions, Annual Report 202-307-5883). of the Community Relations Service, Redress for Wartime Relocation/ Community Relations Service Brochure, Internment Contact the Civil Rights CRS Hotline Brochure, Police Use of Division's Office of Redress Deadly Force: A Conciliation Handbook Administration. Helpline phone, 202for Citizens and Police, Principles of 219-6900. TDD, 202-219-4710. Good Policing: Avoiding Violence Internet, http://www.usdoj.gov/. Between Police and Citizens, Resolving Reference Service In 1972, the Racial Conflict: A Guide for

National Institute of Justice established Municipalities, and Viewpoints and the National Criminal Justice Reference Guidelines on Court-Appointed Citizens Service (NCJRS). All five OJP bureaus Monitoring Commissions in School

now support NCJRS, a clearinghouse of Desegregation are available upon

information and publications concerning request from the Public Information

OJP programs and other information of Office, Community Relations Service, interest to the criminal justice Department of Justice, Washington, DC community. The Office's National 20530.

Institute of Justice, which has supported A limited number of drug educational the clearinghouse for almost 20 years, films are available, free of charge, to provides most of the funding for the civic, educational, private, and religious National Criminal Justice Reference groups.

Service. Police, corrections agencies, A limited selection of pamphlets and courts, criminal justice planners, juvenile brochures is available. The most widely justice practitioners, community crime requested publication is Drugs of Abuse, prevention groups, and others needing

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