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The Administration does not operate on funds appropriated by Congress. Its income is derived from assessments collected from the institutions it regulates and examines. In addition to the headquarters office located in McLean, VA, the Administration maintains 6 field offices located in Aurora, CO; Bloomington, MN; Irving, TX; Marietta, GA; Sacramento, CA; and St. Louis, MO.
Authority for the organization and activities of the institutions comprising the cooperative Farm Credit System and that operate under the regulation of the Farm Credit Administration may
be found in the Farm Credit Act of 1971, as amended (12 U.S.C. 2001).
Sources of Information
borrowers by these institutions are obtained primarily through the sale of securities to investors in the Nation's capital markets.
The Agricultural Credit Act of 1987, as amended (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-1), established the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation (commonly known as “Farmer Mac''). The Corporation, designated as part of the Farm Credit System, is a federally chartered instrumentality of the United States and promotes the development of a secondary market for agricultural real estate and rural housing loans. Farmer Mac also provides guarantees for the timely payment of principal and interest on securities, representing interests in or obligations backed by pools of agricultural real estate loans. The Administration is responsible for the examination and regulation of Farmer Mac to ensure the safety and soundness of its operations.
The Administration manages regulations under which Farm Credit institutions operate. These regulations implement the Farm Credit Act of 1971, as amended, and have the force and effect of law. Similar to other Federal regulators of financial institutions, the Administration's authorities include the power to issue cease-and-desist orders, to levy civil monetary penalties, to remove officers and directors of Farm Credit institutions, and to establish financial and operating reporting requirements. Although it is prohibited from participation in routine management or operations of Farm Credit institutions, the Administration is authorized to become involved in these institutions' management and operations when the Farm Credit Act or its regulations have been violated, when taking an action to correct an unsafe or unsound practice, or when assuming a formal conservatorship over an institution.
Inquiries for information on the following subjects may be directed to the specified office, Farm Credit Administration, 1501 Farm Credit Drive, McLean, VA 22102-5090. Contracts and Procurement Inquiries regarding the Administration's procurement and contracting activities should be directed in writing to Contracting and Procurement. Phone, 703-883-4149. Employment Inquiries regarding employment with the Administration should be directed to the Human Resources Division. Phone, 703-8834135. Freedom of Information Requests Requests for agency records must be submitted in writing, clearly identified with “FOIA Request" and addressed to the Office of Congressional and Public Affairs. Phone, 703-883-4056. Publications Publications and information on the Farm Credit Administration may be obtained by writing the Office of Congressional and Public Affairs. Phone, 703-883–4056.
For further information, contact the Office of Congressional and Public Affairs, Farm Credit Administration, 1501 Farm Credit Drive, Mclean, VA 22102-5090. Phone, 703-883-4056.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
REED E. HUNDT Commissioners
ANDREW C. BARRETT, RACHELLE B.
CHONG, SUSAN NESS, JAMES H.
QUELLO Managing Director
ANDREW S. FISHEL General Counsel
WILLIAM E. KENNARD Chief Engineer
THOMAS P. STANLEY Director, Office of Public Affairs
SUSAN LEWIS SALLET, Acting
H. WALKER FEASTER III, Acting Chief, Office of Plans and Policy
ROBERT M. PEPPER Chairman, Review Board
JOSEPH A. MARINO Chief, Office of Administrative Law Judges JOSEPH STIRMER Chief, Mass Media Bureau
ROY J. STEWART Chief, Common Carrier Bureau
REGINA KEENEY Chief, Compliance and Information Bureau BEVERLY G. BAKER Chief, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau MICHELE FARQUHAR Chief, Cable Services Bureau
JACK W. GRAVELY
The Federal Communications Commission regulates interstate and foreign communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable. It is responsible for the orderly development and operation of broadcast services and the provision of rapid, efficient nationwide and worldwide telephone and telegraph services at reasonable rates. Its responsibilities also include the use of communications for promoting safety of life and property and for strengthening the national defense.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was created by the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.) to regulate interstate and foreign communications by wire and radio in the public interest. The Commission was assigned additional regulatory jurisdiction under the provisions of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 (47 U.S.C. 701744), and a major overhaul of the Communications Act of 1934 was enacted with passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (Public
Law 104-104, 110 Stat. 56). The scope of FCC regulation includes radio and television broadcasting; telephone, telegraph, and cable television operation; two-way radio and radio operators; and satellite communication.
The Commission is composed of five members, who are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. One of the members is designated by the President as Chairman.
To assist the Commission in exercising its responsibility in the adjudicatory process, there is a Review Board to review initial decisions and write
decisions and the Office of the General Counsel to assist the Commission and individual Commissioners in the disposition of matters arising in cases of adjudication (as defined in the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. note prec. 551)) that have been designated for hearings. There also is a corps of administrative law judges, qualified and appointed pursuant to the requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act, who conduct evidentiary adjudicatory hearings and write initial decisions.
Activities Mass Media The Mass Media Bureau administers the regulatory program for amplitude modulation (AM), frequency modulation (FM), television, low-power TV, translators, multipoint distribution service (MDS), instructional TV, and auxiliary services. The Bureau issues construction permits, operating licenses, and renewals or transfers of such broadcast licenses except for broadcast auxiliary services. It also oversees compliance by broadcasters with statutes and Commission policies. For further information, contact the Mass Media Bureau. Phone, 202-418–2600. Common Carrier Communications The Common Carrier Bureau administers the regulatory program for interstate common carrier communications by telephone. Common carriers include companies, organizations, or individuals providing communications services to the public for hire, who must serve all who wish to use them at established rates. In providing interstate communications services, common carriers may employ landline wire or electrical or optical cable facilities. For further information, contact the Common Carrier Bureau. Phone, 202-418-1500. Wireless Telecommunications The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau administers all domestic commercial and private wireless telecommunications programs and rules. The commercial wireless services include cellular, paging, personal communications,
specialized mobile radio, air-ground, and basic exchange telecommunications services. The private wireless services generally serve the specialized internal communications needs of eligible users, and include the public safety, microwave, aviation, and marine services. Additionally, the Bureau serves as FCC's principal policy and administrative resource with regard to all spectrum auctions. It also implements the compulsory provisions of laws and treaties covering the use of radio for the safety of life and property at sea and in the air. The commercial and amateur radio operator programs are also administered by the Bureau. For further information, contact the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau. Phone, 202-418 0600. International Bureau The International Bureau manages all FCC international telecommunications and satellite programs and policies, and has the principal representational role on behalf of the Commission at international conferences, meetings, and negotiations. The Bureau consists of three divisions: Telecommunications, Satellite and Radiocommunication, and Planning and Negotiations.
The Telecommunications Division develops and administers policy, rules, and procedures for the regulations of telecommunications facilities and services under section 214 of the Communications Act and Cable Landing License Act. In addition, the Division develops and administers regulatory assistance and training programs in conjunction with the administration's global information infrastructure (GII) initiative.
The Satellite and Radiocommunication Division develops and administers policy, rules, standards, and procedures for licensing and regulation of satellite and earth station facilities, both international and domestic, and oversight of Comsat as the U.S. Signatory to INTELSAT and Inmarsat.
The Planning and Negotiations Division represents the Commission in negotiations of international agreements with Mexico, Canada, and other
countries on the coordination and groups on cable television regulation notification of domestic radio frequency and related matters. assignments and resolution of
Engineering and Technology The international radio interference involving Office of Engineering and Technology U.S. licensees. The Division processes administers the Table of Frequency license applications and conducts Allocations which specifies the international coordination for high
frequency ranges that can be utilized by frequency (HF) international broadcast
various radio services. The Office also stations and acts on applications for administers the Experimental Radio delivery of broadcast programs to foreign Service and the Equipment Authorization stations. In support of International
Program. The Experimental Radio Bureau policy planning, the Division
Service permits the public to experiment also maintains information databanks,
with new uses of radio frequencies. This conducts special studies, and issues allows development of radio equipment reports on international developments in
and exploration of new radio techniques communications industry facilities,
prior to licensing under other regulatory pricing and market structures, foreign
programs. The Equipment Authorization regulatory changes, and technology
Program includes several specific developments.
procedures by which the agency For further information, contact the International approves radio equipment as a Bureau. Phone, 202-418-0420.
prerequisite to importation, marketing, or Cable Services Communications The
use. The procedures range from Cable Services Bureau develops,
Commission testing of equipment recommends, and administers policies
samples for compliance with applicable and programs for the regulation of cable
standards, through FCC review of television systems. The Bureau advises
applications and accompanying test and recommends to the Commission, or
reports submitted by the applicants, to a acts for the Commission under delegated
self-authorization procedure whereby a
manufacturer certifies that the product authority, in matters pertaining to the regulation and development of cable
complies with the standards. television. The Bureau is responsible for: For further information, contact the Office of -investigating complaints and
Engineering and Technology. Phone, 202-418
2470. answering general inquiries from the public;
Compliance Much of the investigative --planing and developing proposed and enforcement work of the rulemakings and conducting
Commission is carried out by its field comprehensive studies and analyses staff. The Compliance and Information (legal, social, and economic) of various
Bureau has 3 regional offices and 35 petitions for policy or rule changes; field offices. It also operates a -processing applications for
nationwide fleet of mobile radio authorizations in the cable television
direction-finding vehicles for technical relay service;
enforcement purposes. The field staff, in -participating in hearings before
effect, are the Commission's "eyes and Administrative Law Judges, the Review ears' in detecting radio violations and Board, and the Commission;
enforcing rules and regulations. -conducting studies and compiling Continuous surveillance of the radio data relating to the cable industry for the spectrum is maintained to detect Commission to develop and maintain an unlicensed operation and activities or adequate regulatory program;
nonconforming transmissions, and to - collaborating and coordinating with furnish radio bearings on ships and State and local authorities in matters planes in distress. The Bureau also involving cable television systems; and administers public information programs
-advising and assisting the public, aimed at educating Commission other Government agencies, and industry licensees, industry, and the general