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FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION 800 North Capitol Street NW., Washington, DC 20573-0001 Phone, 202-523-5707

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The Federal Maritime Commission regulates the waterborne foreign commerce of the United States, ensures that U.S. international trade is open to all nations on fair and equitable terms, and protects against unauthorized, concerted activity in the waterborne commerce of the United States. This is accomplished through maintaining surveillance over steamship conferences and common carriers by water; ensuring that only the rates on file with the Commission are charged; reviewing agreements between persons subject to the Shipping Act of 1984; guaranteeing equal treatment to shippers, carriers, and other persons subject to the shipping statutes; and ensuring that adequate levels of financial responsibility are maintained for indemnification of passengers.

The Federal Maritime Commission was
established by Reorganization Plan No.
7 of 1961 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective
August 12, 1961. It is an independent
agency that regulates shipping under the
following statutes: the Shipping Act of
1984 (46 U.S.C. app. 1701–1720); the
Merchant Marine Act, 1920 (46 U.S.C.
app. 861 et seq.); the Foreign Shipping
Practices Act of 1988 (46 U.S.C. app.
1710a); the Merchant Marine Act, 1936
(46 U.S.C. app. 1101 et seq.); and
certain provisions of the act of
November 6, 1966 (46 U.S.C. app.
817(d) and 817(e)).

Agreements The Commission reviews
for legal sufficiency agreements filed
under section 5 of the Shipping Act of
1984 (46 U.S.C. app. 1704), including
conference, interconference, and
cooperative working agreements among
common carriers, terminal operators,
and other persons subject to the shipping
statutes. It also monitors activities under
all effective (1984 act) or approved
(1916 act) agreements for compliance
with the provisions of law and its rules,
orders, and regulations.
Tariffs The Commission accepts or
rejects tariff filings, including filings

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dealing with service contracts, of

complaints in accordance with the common carriers engaged in the foreign Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. and domestic offshore commerce of the note prec. 551). United States, or conferences of such

Rulemaking The Commission carriers. Special permission applications promulgates rules and regulations to may be submitted for relief from

interpret, enforce, and ensure statutory and/or Commission tariff

compliance with shipping and related requirements. The Commission monitors

statutes by common carriers and other the activities of controlled carriers under

persons subject to the statutes. section 9 of the Shipping Act of 1984

Investigation, Audit, and Financial and (46 U.S.C. app. 1708, 1709, 1714).

Economic Analyses The Commission Licenses The Commission issues licenses to persons, partnerships,

prescribes and administers programs to corporations, or associations desiring to

ensure compliance with the provisions of

the shipping statutes. These programs engage in ocean freight forwarding

include the submission of information; activities. Passenger Indemnity The Commission

field investigations and audits of administers the passenger indemnity

activities and practices of common provisions of the act of November 6,

carriers, conferences, terminal operators, 1966, which require shipowners and

freight forwarders, and other persons operators to obtain certificates of

subject to the shipping statutes; and rate financial responsibility to pay judgments

analyses, studies, and economic reviews for personal injury or death or to refund

of current and prospective trade fares in the event of nonperformance of

conditions, including the extent and voyages.

nature of competition in various trade Informal Complaints The Commission

areas. reviews alleged or suspected violations

International Affairs The Commission of the shipping statutes and rules and conducts investigations of foreign regulations of the Commission and may governmental and foreign carrier take administrative action to institute practices that adversely

affect the U.S. formal proceedings, to refer matters to shipping trade and, in conjunction with other governmental agencies, or to bring the Department of State, conducts about voluntary agreement between the activities to effect the elimination of parties.

discriminatory practices on the part of Formal Adjudicatory Procedure The foreign governments against United Commission conducts formal

States-flag shipping and to achieve investigations and hearings on its own comity between the United States and its motion and adjudicates formal

trading partners. District Offices Federal Maritime Commission

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For further information, contact the Office of the Secretary, Federal Maritime Commission, 800 North Capitol Street NW., Washington, DC 20573-0001. Phone, 202-523-5725. Fax, 202-523-0014.

2100 K Street NW., Washington, DC 20427
Phone, 202-606-8100

Deputy Director, Field Operations
Deputy Director, National Office


The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service assists labor and management in resolving disputes in collective bargaining contract negotiation through voluntary mediation and arbitration services; provides training to unions and management in cooperative processes to improve long-term relationships under the Labor Management Cooperation Act of 1978, including Federal sector partnership training authorized by Executive Order 12871; provides alternative dispute resolution services and training to Government agencies, including the facilitation of regulatory negotiations under the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act and the Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990; and awards competitive grants to joint labor-management committees to encourage innovative approaches to cooperative efforts.

The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS) was created by the Labor Management Relations Act, 1947 (29 U.S.C. 172). The Director is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Activities The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service helps prevent disruptions in the flow of interstate commerce caused by labor-management disputes by providing mediators to assist disputing parties in the resolution of their differences. Mediators have no law enforcement authority and rely wholly on persuasive techniques.

The Service offers its facilities in labormanagement disputes to any industry affecting interstate commerce, either upon its own motion or at the request of one or more of the parties to the dispute, whenever in its judgment such dispute threatens to cause a substantial interruption of commerce. The Labor Management Relations Act requires that parties to a labor contract must file a dispute notice if agreement is not

reached 30 days in advance of a contract termination or reopening date. The notice must be filed with the Service and the appropriate State or local mediation agency. The Service is required to avoid the mediation of disputes that would have only a minor effect on interstate commerce if State or other conciliation services are available to the parties. For further information, contact one of the regional offices listed below. Mediation Efforts of FMCS mediators are directed toward the establishment of sound and stable labor-management relations on a continuing basis, thereby helping to reduce the incidence of work stoppages. The mediator's basic function is to encourage and promote better dayto-day relations between labor and management, so that issues arising in negotiations may be faced as problems to be settled through mutual effort rather than issues in dispute. For further information, contact the Office of Public Affairs. Phone, 202-606-8080.

Arbitration The Service, on the joint qualified as neutrals to adjudicate request of employers and unions, will matters in dispute. also assist in the selection of arbitrators

For further information, contact the Office of from a roster of private citizens who are Arbitration Services. Phone, 202-606-5111.

Regional Offices Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service

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For further information, contact the Office of Public Affairs, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, 2100 K Street NW., Washington, DC 20427. Phone, 202-606-8080. Fax, 202-606-4251.

1730 K Street NW., Washington, DC 20006
Phone, 202-653–5625

Chairman Commissioners

Chief Administrative Law Judge
General Counsel
Executive Director
Administrative Officer



The Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission is an independent, quasi-judicial agency established by the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 801 et seq.). The act, enforced by the Secretary of Labor through the Mine Safety and Health Administration, governs compliance with occupational safety and health standards in the Nation's surface and underground coal, metal, and nonmetal mines.

The Commission consists of five members who are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate and who serve staggered, 6year terms. The Chairman is selected from among the Commissioners.

The Commission and its Office of Administrative Law Judges are charged with deciding cases brought pursuant to the act by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, mine operators, and

miners or their representatives. These cases generally involve review of the Administration's enforcement actions including citations, mine closure orders, and proposals for civil penalties issued for violations of the act or the mandatory safety and health standards promulgated by the Secretary of Labor. The Commission also has jurisdiction over discrimination complaints filed by miners or their representatives in connection with their safety and health rights under the act, and over complaints for compensation filed on behalf of miners idled as a result of mine closure orders issued by the Administration.

Activities Cases brought before the Commission are assigned to the Office of Administrative Law Judges, and hearings are conducted pursuant to the

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