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those conveyed to the State of Iowa. Those universities faced generally the same problems as Iowa State in trying to adjust the management and use of the lands conveyed to them under the conditions imposed in the original conveyances so as best to meet the changing needs of the universities.
Approximately 836,000 acres have been conveyed to various States and State agencies in 54 transactions under title III of the BankheadJones Farm Tenant Act. All are subject to the same public use conditions as the lands in the three cases already brought before the Congress. We currently have requests in three other cases—Ohio, New York, and South Carolina—for release of the same conditions and for the same general reasons. Here I might interject that in our report we mention two additional cases. Actually, we have before us at the present time three new cases. We expect other requests in the years to come as resource management programs and practices and land uses for public purposes change to meet contemporary needs and demands. Under existing law, each such case would require special legislation authorizing the Secretary to release the conditions of the deed conveying the lands to the respective owning authority or agency.
For the foregoing reasons, we believe consideration should be given to a bill giving the Secretary of Agriculture general authority to release the conditions referred to when he determines disposal of a part or all of the conveyed lands by an owning authority or agency would be for purposes consistent with the public use requirement in the original conveyance. We believe that the sale or exchange of such lands, with the proceeds to be used for corresponding purposes of the owning authority or agency, as in the cases already considered and the one here under H.R. 16065, would be consistent with the basic purposes and the public use requirements of the original conveyances.
The original conveyances of those title III lands also reserved to the United States certain mineral interests. H.R. 16065 would give the Secretary of the Interior authority to convey, upon application, and for the fair market value thereof," the reserved mineral rights to the State of Iowa.
The Department of Agriculture supports enactment of H.R. 16065.
Mr. KLEPPE. In one part of the statement, you do not deal with the specific bill we have before us today. It deals with general authority given to the Secretary of Agriculture who consummates similar transactions to the one that we have before us today. I just want to make a statement that so far as my own personal feelings are concerned, regarding that procedure, I take a dim view of that, and I think that is the purpose of this committee. I do not think that we are so overworked that we cannot afford to spend the time to come down here and have others present their individual views on any individual situation that may be involved, no matter how many there are. This is just another situation of keeping control in Congress rather than delegating it. It is easy enough for us to delegate this to the Secretary. My view is that I do not think it is necessary to do so.
I want to say, again, although it is not apropos to this specific bill that we have before us today, that that is my feeling. I just wanted to make these comments.
Mr. NELSON. The reason, of course, that we brought that up is that we already have three other States that will undoubtedly come before the committee.
Mr. KLEPPE. I think they should come here. That is the reason I wanted to make that observation.
Mr. JONES. Are there any other questions, Mr. Price!
Mr. JONES. We also have a report from the Department of Agriculture, and without objection this report will be made a part of the record at this point.
(The report dated May 15, 1968, from the Department of Agriculture follows:)
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
Washington, D.C., May 15, 1968. Hon. W. R. POAGE, Chairman, Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives.
DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: As you asked, here is our report on H.R. 16065, “To direct the Secretary of Agriculture to release on behalf of the United States conditions in deeds conveying certain lands to the State of Iowa, and for other purposes.
We recommend enactment of H.R. 16065.
H.R. 16065 would authorize and direct the Secretary of Agriculture to release on behalf of the United States certain conditions contained in two 1955 deeds conveying certain described lands to the State of Iowa for the use and benefit of the Agriculture Experiment Station of the Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, now the Iowa State University. The conditions required that the lands conveyed to the State be used for public purposes and provide for a reversion to the United States if the lands cease to be so used.
This bill provides that the Secretary shall release the conditions only with respect to lands covered by an agreement between the Secretary and the University which would set forth certain conditions.
H.R. 16065 would also authorize the Secretary of the Interior, under certain conditions, to convey to the State of Iowa for the use and benefit of Iowa State University or successors in title all the undivided mineral interests which were reserved to the United States in lands conveyed to the State.
The lands involved in H.R. 16065 were originally acquired by the United States under the provisions of Title III of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act (50 Stat. 525). This Title authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to conduct a program for the rehabilitation of submarginal lands. Title III also authorizes the Secretary to dispose of lands to public authorities and agencies under terms and conditions he deems will best accomplish Title III purposes, but only on condition that the property conveyed is used for public purposes.
The 955.81 acres of land in question were conveyed to the State of Iowa on July 29, 1955, subject to the condition that they be used for public purposes. If not so used, ownership would revert to the United States.
We understand that the State of Iowa is seeking a release of the “public use" condition so that it may sell one or both of the two tracts conveyed to it. These two tracts, consisting of 410 and 545.81 acres respectively, have been used for beef cattle research and other experimental purposes. Due to changes in direction and emphasis in the work on these areas and size of farms and related facilities, the individual areas are no longer adequate to meet the University's needs. Therefore, the University wishes to sell or exchange one or both of the tracts and use the proceeds to establish a single larger, more efficient unit to meet the University's needs. The use of the proceeds to acquire lands to be held permanently for University purposes would not be inconsistent with the basic purposes of the public use requirement in the original conveyance to the University.
H.R. 16065 is similar to H.R. 11527 recently enacted by the Congress and to P.L. 84–237 involving lands conveyed to the University of Maine and to Clemson Agricultural College, now Clemson University, of South Carolina.
Some 836,000 acres of such lands have been conveyed by the United States to various States and State agencies and organizations in a number of separate transactions. All of these conveyances are subject to the same reversionary
clause if the lands are not used for public purposes. The conveyances also included the same mineral rights reservations.
During the intervening years, changes in land use patterns and resource management programs, administrative requirements, and other factors have resulted in the need for others of the respective owning public authorities or agencies to sell, exchange, or otherwise dispose of a part of the Title III lands conveyed to them so as to further the purposes and activities of those public bodies. Two other such cases are before us now. Others may come up in the future.
The Bureau of the Budget advises that there is no objection to the presentation of this report from the standpoint of the Administration's program. Sincerely yours,
ORVILLE L. FREEMAN, Secretary. Mr. Jones. Unless there are other questions or unless there are other witnesses who would like to testify, we will close the hearings.
Mr. Murray, are there any questions that you want to ask or any information that you feel should be put into the record at this point?
Mr. MURRAY. No, sir; I have no questions.
(Whereupon, at 11 a.m., the subcommittee retired into executive session.)
ERADICATION OF FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE IN
TUESDAY, MAY 21, 1968
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 1301, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. W. R. Poage (chairman) presiding
Present: Representatives Poage, Abbitt, Jones of Missouri, Purcell, O'Neal, de la Garza, Teague of California, Goodling, Burke, Mayne, Zwach, Kleppe, and Myers.
Also present: Christine S. Gallagher, clerk; William C. Black, general counsel; and L. T. Easley, staff consultant.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.
We are met this morning to consider H.R. 16451, a bill suggested by the Department of Agriculture to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to cooperate with the governments of Central America in the prevention, control, and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest.
I believe that Dr. Anderson will speak for the Department this morning and present the problem. In the meantime, we have a wire from B, Kleberg Johnson, and a statement by Dr. M. R. Clarkson, executive secretary of the American Veterinary Medical Association, which will be made a part of the record at this point.
We also have a statement from Mr. C. W. McMillan—rather, a letter of the American National Cattlemen's Association. Do you desire to have that inserted into the record ?
Mr. McMILLAN. I would appreciate that being done.
The CHAIRMAN. This letter, together with the others already mentioned, will be made a part of the record following Dr. Anderson's statement.
(H.R. 16451, together with a letter dated March 28, 1968, from the Secretary of Agriculture, follow :)
[H.R. 16451, 90th Cong., second sess. ]
A BILL To authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to cooperate with the several gov
ernments of Central America in the prevention, control, and eradication of foot-andmouth disease or rinderpest
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cooperate with the several governments of Central America in carrying out operations or measures to prevent or retard, suppress, or control, or to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest in Central America where he deems such action necessary to protect the livestock and related industries of the
United States. In performing the operations or measures herein authorized, the several governments of Central America shall be responsible for the authority necessary to carry out such operations or measures on all lands and properties in each nation and for such other facilities and means as in the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture are necessary. The measure and character of cooperation carried out under this Act on the part of the United States and on the part of the several governments of Central America, including the expenditure or use of funds appropriated pursuant to this Act, shall be such as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. Arrangements for the cooperation authorized by this Act shall be made through and in consultation with the Secretary of State. The authority contained in this Act is in addition to and not in substitution for the authority of existing law.
SEC. 2. For purposes of this Act, funds appropriated pursuant thereto may also be used for the purchase or hire of passenger motor vehicles and aircraft, for printing and binding without regard to section 87 of the Act of January 12, 1895, or section 11 of the Act of March 1, 1919 (44 U.S.C. 111), and for the employment of civilian nationals of the several nations of Central America.
Sec. 3. The governments of Central America, for the purposes of this Act. mean the governments for those countries located between the Republic of Columbia and the Republic of Mexico.
SEC. 4. In carrying out this Act the Secretary of Agriculture is further authorized to cooperate with other public and private organizations and individuals.
SEC. 5. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this Act.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
Washington, D.C., March 28, 1968. Hon. John W. McCORMACK, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
DEAR MR. SPEAKER: There is transmitted herewith for the consideration of the Congress, a draft bill entitled “To authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to cooperate with the several Governments of Central America in the prevention, control and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest."
The bill would provide the authority for this Department to cooperate with the Governments of the Central American nations in the conduct of operations or measures necessary to prevent or retard, suppress or control, or to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest. These measures are necessary to prevent the spread of foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest into Central and North America from South America.
Although Central America is presently free of foot-and-mouth disease, the Government of Colombia on April 21, 1966, nullified a covenant under which strict preventive and quarantine measures were carried out in the Choco Region in Colombia between the Atrato River and Panama. The quarantine measures were conducted cooperatively among Colombia, Panama, and the International Regional Organization for Crops and Animal Sanitation (OIRSA), an organization representing Central American countries. The recent spread of foot-and-mouth disease to the border regions of Colombia presents an immediate danger of spreading the disease to countries to the north, including the United States. Experience with this disease clearly demonstrates that only prompt, efficient, and effective operations can prevent the rapid spread among livestock. Once spread occurs, it becomes a tremendous technical and economic effort to eradicate the disease,
Under the proposal, a Commission for the Prevention of Foot-and-Mouth disease would be established similar to that which exists with Mexico. This would permit experienced personnel of the Department to provide technical and field assistance in the recognition of foot-and-mouth disease and other vesicular diseases. Rapid detection and prompt corrective action are fundamental to a program for preventation of foot-and-mouth disease. Any outbreak and spread of the disease in Central America presents a highly dangerous threat of spread into Mexico and beyond into the United States where substantial sums have been spent to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease.
The Central American countries are doing everything possible to prevent the introduction of foot-and-mouth disease. Each nation has contributed financial support to expand activities including military patrols and animal inspectors along the Colombian-Panamanian border. Strict prohibitions are enforced against the importation of animals and animal by-products from foot-and-mouth disease