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active addition agencies American answer Assistant believe benefits BENNETT building capacity cargo cargo preference carriers carry Chairman Commerce committee companies competitive concerned Congress considered construction continue contributions cost countries Department Department of Defense direct Downing economic effective effective control emergency employment exports fact Federal flag fleet force foreign going Government hearings important increase industry interest JANTSCHER laws major maritime Maritime Administration McCLOSKEY meet ment merchant marine military national defense national security Navy objectives Office operating percent planning ports position possible present problem production question rates reason record requirements reserve response result RUPPE sealift Secretary shipbuilding ships shipyards situation specific statement subcommittee subsidy suggest tankers testimony Thank tion trade Transportation Treasury U.S. merchant United VASTINE vessels WALDMANN
Стр. 367 - It is necessary for the national defense and development of its foreign and domestic commerce that the United States shall have a merchant marine (a) sufficient to carry its domestic waterborne commerce and a substantial portion of the waterborne export and import foreign commerce of the United States...
Стр. 328 - ... owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, and (d) composed of the best equipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient citizen personnel. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to foster the development and encourage the maintenance of such a merchant marine.
Стр. 367 - States and to provide shipping service essential for maintaining the flow of such domestic and foreign water-borne commerce at all times, (b) capable of serving as a naval and military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency, (c) owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, (d) composed of the best-equipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient...
Стр. 159 - There seem, however, to be two cases in which it will generally be advantageous to lay some burden upon foreign, for the encouragement of domestic industry. The first is, when some particular sort of industry is necessary for the defence of the country.
Стр. 159 - The first is, when some particular sort of industry is necessary for the defence of the country. The defence of Great Britain, for example, depends very much upon the number of its sailors and shipping. The act of navigation, therefore, very properly endeavours to give the sailors and shipping of Great Britain the monopoly of the trade of their own country, in some cases, by absolute prohibitions, and in others by heavy burdens upon the shipping of foreign countries.
Стр. 328 - To further the development and maintenance of an adequate and well-balanced American merchant marine, to promote the commerce of the United States, to aid in the national defense, to repeal certain former legislation, and for other purposes.
Стр. 753 - My colleagues and I will be glad to respond to any questions the committee may have.
Стр. 260 - States or conference of carriers which, after hearing, it finds to be so unreasonably high or low as to be detrimental to the commerce of the United States.