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SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE
EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

PROPOSALS TO AMEND OR OTHERWISE MODIFY EXISTING
INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY ORGANIZATIONS,

INCLUDING THE UNITED NATIONS

PART 8

MARCH 17, 1955
ATLANTA, GA.

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

WALTER F. GEORGE, Georgia, Chairman
THEODORE FRANCIS GREEN, Rhode Island ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas

H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND, California ALBEN W. BARKLEY, Kentucky

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont
WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

HOMER E. CAPEHART, Indiana
FRANCIS O. Wilcox, Chief of Staff
CARL M. MARCY, Consultant
JULIUS N. CAHN, Counsel
PAT M, HOLT, Consultant
ALWYN V. FREEMAN, Consultant
C. C. O'Day, Chief Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE UNITED NATIONS CHARTER (Created pursuant to S. Res. 126, 83d Cong., as amended by S. Res. 83, 84th Cong., and

continued by S. Res. 193, 83d Cong., and S. Res. 36, 84th Cong.)

WALTER F. GEORGE, Georgia, Chairman SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, Florida 1

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin JOHN J. SPARKMAN, Alabama

H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota

WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND, California MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont

2

FRANCIS O. Wilcox, Chief of Staff
CARL M. MARCY, Consultant
FRANCIS R. VALEO, Consultants
MORELLA HANSEN, Research Assistant
MARY ANN SAMES, A8sistant Clerk

1 Appointed by the Vice President to serve with the subcommittee.

To be appointed by the Vice President to serve with the subcommittee. * On loan from the Legislative Reference Service, Library of Congress.

CONTENTS

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978

937

1033

933

Welcoming remarks by Hon. William B. Hartsfield, mayor, Atlanta ---

Opening remarks of the chairman..

Message from Senator George

Opening remarks of Senator Sparkman

Opening remarks of Senator Smith of New Jersey-

Statements by-

Abram, Morris, Atlanta, Georgia Association of B'nai B'rith Lodges..

Boyte, Mrs. Harry G., League of Women Voters of Georgia ---
Brisbane, Dr. Robert H., Associate Professor of Political Science,

Morehouse College, Atlanta --

Burgess, David S., executive secretary, Georgia State Industrial Union

Council, CIO

Burts, Mrs. L. Ransom, Atlanta..

Davis, Mrs. Willis J., Atlanta, Daughters of the American Colonists of

the State of Georgia --

Dobbs, Mrs. James K., publicity chairman, United Church Women of

Atlanta

Duffey-Chapman, Mrs. May F., Atlanta

Ford, Mrs. H. Benson, Atlanta

Grant, Hugh G., Augusta, Georgia -

Hard, Mrs. Elizabeth D., Atlanta

Hilley, E. Byron, associate professor of law, Emory University,

Atlanta.
Hounshell, Charles D., assistant professor of political science, Emory

University, Atlanta..

Humphrey, Mrs. Robert H., Swainsboro, Ga., State regent, Georgia

State Society, Daughters of the American Revolution..

Jacobson, Mrs. Niels, Atlanta, National Council of Jewish Women

Johnson, Herbert, attorney, Atlanta-

Lane, Mrs. McKibben, Macon, Ga-

Law, Mrs. Fleming, Atlanta-

Lewis, Mrs. Margaret F., president, Atlanta Women's Chamber of

Commerce

Lott, Elizabeth, history teacher, Douglas, Ga-

Martin, Mrs. H. R., Atlanta-

McMains, Rev. Harrison, Atlanta.

Miller, Mrs. Durand, Chipley, Ga., Women's Society of Christian

Service of the Methodist Church

Milner, Mrs. Spann W., president, United Nations Council of Atlanta-

Moseley, Gen. George Van Horn, Atlanta --

Nadler, Mrs. Freda K., Macon, Ga-----

Oliver, Mrs. Kate B., president, Business & Professional Women's

Club, Atlanta --

O'Neal, F. Hodge, Macon, Ga., Dean, Walter F. George School

of Law, Mercer University; chairman, Macon Council on World

Affairs

Pope, Mrs. Myrtle Pihlman, Brookhaven, Ga., English teacher, At-

lanta University ----

Post, Mrs. Florence Dean, Newnan, Ga.

Purcell, Mrs. Jeannette, West End Business & Professional Women's

Club of Atlanta

Reed, Thomas R., Atlanta..

Rozar, Mrs. M. W., Macon, Ga.

Sherriff, Dr. Florence J., professor, Wesleyan College, Macon, Ga.;

president. American Association of University Women of Macon -

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REVIEW OF THE UNITED NATIONS CHARTER

THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 1955

UNITED STATES SENATE,

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE UNITED NATIONS CHARTER,

Atlanta, Ga. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:35 a. m., in the United States Courtroom, Old Post Office Building, Atlanta, Ga., Senator Spessard L. Holland presiding.

Present: Senators Holland, Sparkman, and Smith of New Jersey. Senator HOLLAND. I am going to call on Dean Narmore, of Georgia Tech, who has so kindly assisted in arranging this meeting and who will take over the informal handling of the preliminary features of the hearing.

Dean NARMORE. May we all stand. I am going to ask Dr. J. McDowell Richards, president of the Columbia Theological Seminary, to announce the invocation.

(The invocation was delivered.) Dean NARMORE. It is now my pleasure to present His Honor, Mayor William B. Hartsfield, who will welcome the Senators to Atlanta.

Mayor Hartsfield.

WELCOMING REMARKS BY MAYOR HARTSFIELD

Mayor HARTSFIELD. Gentlemen and members of the Subcommittee on Foreign Relations, Senator Holland, Senator Sparkman, Senator Smith, it is my pleasure and privilege to welcome you here to the great city of Atlanta.

We are the great center of transportation, traffic, communications here and I hope that since I am on my home ground I do not offend the patriotism, the local patriotism of any members of the subcomcommittee, but we do in all seriousness think that this was the logical place to have such a hearing.

Then we are honored by the fact that you have come here to seek the views of the people of this great section of the Nation.

I understand, gentlemen, that the chamber of commerce has arranged a little luncheon for you at noon. We hope that your stay here will not only be informative but pleasant as well, and so, gentlemen, I offer you every facility of the city government. Í hope that this hearing will be productive of great good, and that you will manage to enjoy yourselves at the same time.

Thank you.

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