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HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

NINETY-FIRST CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION

L. MENDEL RIVERS, South Carolina, Chairman PHILIP J. PHILBIN, Massachusetts

WILLIAM H. BATES, Massachusetts F. EDWARD HØBERT, Louislana

LESLIE C. ARENDS, Ihinois MELVIN PRICE, Illinois

ALVIN E. O'KONSKI, Wisconsin 0. C. FISHER, Texas

WILLIAM G. BRAY, Indiana CHARLES E. BENNETT, Florida

BOB WILSON, California JAMES A. BYRNE, Pennsylvania

CHARLES S. GUBSER, California SAMUEL S. STRATTON, New York

ALEXANDER PIRNIE, New York OTIS G. PIKE, New York

DURWARD G. HALL, Missouri RICHARD H. ICHORD, Missouri

DONALD D. CLANCY, Ohio LUCIEN N. NEDZI, Michigan

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont ALTON LENNON, North Carolina

CARLETON J. KING, New York WILLIAM J. RANDALL, Missouri

WILLIAM L. DICKINSON, Alabama G. ELLIOTT HAGAN, Georgia

CHARLES W. WHALEN, JR., Ohio CHARLES H. WILSON, California

ED FOREMAN, New Mexico ROBERT L. LEGGETT, California

JOHN E. HUNT, New Jersey FLOYD V. HICKS, Washington

G. WILLIAM WHITEHURST, Virginia
SPEEDY O. LONG, Louisiana

ROBERT J. CORBETT, Pennsylvania
RICHARD C. WHITE, Texas
BILL NICHOLS, Alabama
JACK BRINKLEY, Georgia
ROBERT H. MOLLOHAN, West Virginia
W. C. (DAN) DANIEL, Virginia
JORGE L. CÓRDOVA, Puerto Rico

JOHN R. BLANDFORD, Ohief Counsel

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SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON U.S.S. PUEBLO

OTIS G. PIKE, New York, Chairman LUCIEN N. NEDZI, Michigan

WILLIAM G. BRAY, Indiana ALTON LENNON, North Carolina

DURWARD G. HALL, Missouri BILL NICHOLS, Alabama

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont
JACK BRINKLEY, Georgia

G. WILLIAM WHITEHURST, Virginia
FRANK M. SLATINSHEK, Assistant Chief Counsel

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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.25

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HEARINGS BEFORE THE SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE U.S.S. “PUEBLO” ON THE U.S.S. "PUEBLO” AND EC-121 PLANE INCIDENTS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,
SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON U.S.S. PUEBLO,

Washington, D.C., March 4, 1969. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 2118, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Otis G. Pike (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Mr. PIKE. The committee will come to order.

Let the record show at this time the presence of Mr. Nichols, Mr. Brinkley, Mr. Bray, Mr. Hall, and Mr. Whitehurst. Mr. Lennon, I should say, is absent because of a death in the immediate family.

This special subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee was appointed by Chairman Rivers on February 18, 1969, with instructions to ascertain the national security implications implicit in the loss of the U.S.S. Pueblo, the requirement for corrective action both administratively and legislatively, and the requirement for possible changes in the code of conduct for military personnel who are captured by hostile enemy forces.

The membership of this subcommittee represents a broad range of philosophy, from quite liberal to quite conservative, and there are many things on which we may not agree. There are, however, things on which we do agree, and in order to provide a frame of reference for our witnesses and to limit the area of our inquiry at the outset, it might be useful to put a few of them on the record.

First, we are agreed that in the latter third of the 20th century military intelligence gathering, both overt and covert, is a necessity. This does not mean that we are agreed that the mission of the Pueblo was a necessity. That, we ask to be shown.

Second, we are agreed that the facts of what happened to the Pueblo, her officers, and her crew are sufficiently well known. We have asked the Navy for access to the full transcript of the testimony before V the court of inquiry, and after some initial reluctance on their part, we have received it. The Secretary of Defense has been most helpful in this regard.

Accordingly, it is not our present intention to require the presence of Commander Bucher or any of his crew to tell us what happened. We have, on the other hand, extended an invitation to any of them who might like to testify before a non-Navy inquiry to do so. We are agreed that it is not so much our function to determine what happened as why.

Third, we are agreed that it is in the public interest that the testiUmony which we receive shall, to the utmost extent possible, be heard in open session. We anticipate objections to this on several grounds and again, simply to establish a frame of reference, you should know our thinking on this.

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