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As soon as they were arrived, the Form of Henry II. the Church was settled according to that of 1558. Geneva, by the Advice of Villegagnon, the Paul IV. Holy Supper was administred, and Villegagnon himself received it; but as there was a Sorbonist along with him, namely, John Confat, some , dispute arose between him and the two Ministers about some Ceremonies, for he pretended that unleavened Bread was necessary, and to mix Water with the Wine ; Chartier was sent back to France to know Calvin's Opinion upon the Subject. But in the mean while, great heats arose between Vi legagnon, the Sorbonist, and Richer, with those who fided with him, occasioned by those disputes. M. de Thou says, that it was rumoured that that Gentleman had received some Letters from the Cardinal of Lorrain, who admonished him ; however, according to M. de Beze, Villegagnon having got notice that the Reformed were more hotly persecuted in France than before, he difsembled no longer, but forbad them to preach any more, declaring that he would stand by the determination of the Sorbonne.

Therefore, Richer, Du Pont, Leri, and a few others, to the number of twenty, separated themselves from him, and resolved to come back to Europe ; they agreed with the Master of a Ship of Britany, who was ready to fail, but Villegagnon, being not able to hinder them from going, in order to moleft them as much as he could, and to starve them at Sea, gave such orders as hindered the Master of the Ship fronı getting any more than the quarter part of the Provisions which he wanted for his Voyage.

Few days after they had put to Sea, the Ship being very leaky, five of the Company, more timorous than the rest, were put in a Boat, and carried back to the Ifand, being in hopes to

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Henry II. mollify the heart of Villegagnon, since they had 1558.

not offended him in any thing. Pope Paul IV. But all the mercy they met with from him, was,

that three out of the five, having madean excellent profession of their Faith, that cruel Tyrant caused them to be cast down head-long into the Sea, where they were drowned. As to the fifteen who had remained in the Ship, after many great Dan. gers and Perils, they landed at Blavet in Britanny the latter end of May 1558, almost starved with Hunger, having been upon the Sea about five Months together. M. Leri afterwards Minister at Geneva, who was an Eye-witness of all these Transactions, published a Relation of them, quoted with an Encomium by M. de Thou, and to

which M. de Beze refers his Readers (t). XCI. The Lieutenant-Civil Munier, who had been Munier's one of the chief Tools which Cardinal Bertrandi Condemna- made use of the last Year, for condemning several

of the Prisoners taken in the Assembly of St. James-Street at Paris, being convicted of Falflood, and Bribery in the Tryal of the Countess of Senignan, charged with having procured the Escape of the Duke of Arschot, was, by Sentence of the Court, deprived of all his Offices, and declared unworthy to hold any in the Kingdom for the future. Furthermore, he was sentenced to be set in the Pillory in the Market-Hall, to make Amende Honorable, to pay a large Fine, and

to be banished into the Mand of Rhé (2). XCII. Mary Queen of England died the 15th of NoThe Death vember. By her Death the Kingdom was deli

vered of a cruel Perfecution which had lasted uueen of England. during her whole Reign. The loss of Calais, the

coldness of Philip her Husband to her, together with her own Infirmities shortened her Days.

Cardinal (1) Beze liv. ii. p. 158, &c. Thuani lift. lib. xvi p: 500. (u) Beze liv. ii. p. 145. Thuani Hitt. lib. xx. p. 612.

Jion,

Cardinal Poole died about seventeen hours after Henry IŁ. that Princess. The Restauration of the reformed

Pope Religion followed of course the Restauration of Pauliv. Elizabeth to all the Rights of her Birth.

The Treaty of Cateau-Cambrefis so prejudicial and shameful to the Kingdom, which lost by it 198 strong Holds, for ihree only which were surrendered, though Daniel takes it to have been advantageous enough ; that Treaty, I say, was concluded on the part of Henry, not only to procure the Liberty to the Constable, and the MarÎnal of St. Andrew, but especially to be in a tetter condition of executing the designs laid against the Reformed by the Cardinal of Lorrain, and the Bishop of Arras, for their utter extirpation. For there was an Article by which that was exprelly ftipulated.

But for all that, the Reformed Churches were XCUT. strengthened and comforted, and their Number The great increased daily. Mezeray says, that there was the reformno Town, no Province, no Trade in the King-ed Chara dom, wherein the new Opinions had not took ches in root. The Lawyers, the Learned, nay, the Ec- France. clefiafticks, against their own Interest embraced them. The Executions were only a means to spread them and give them a new Life ; infomuch that several Members of the Parliament, some out of a meek and merciful nature, others because they had embraced them already, thought that those too rigorous Penalties ought to be moderated (U).

The King hotly pressed the Execution of the Edict of Chateau-Briant : He fent new Orders on that account to the Parliament of Paris ; and as it happened that four Prisoners for Religion were discharged by the Sentence of the Chamber called La Tournelle, of which Messieurs Seguier and

du (v) Mezeray Abr. Chr. Tom. iv. p. 720.

Henry II. du Harlay, who countenanced the Reformed Re

1559. ligion, were Presidents. Those of the Great Paul iv. Chamber, being 'averse to that Lenity, endea

voured to hinder such an example should be followed for the future: To that end, they sent to all their Acquaintances who had any credit at Court, and desired them to come to Town, to threaten and fright those Counsellors.

Finally, the King's Sollicitor and Attorneys shewed forth, that if the Advice of President Seguier was followed, there would be a contradiction betwixt the Chambers, since the Great Chamber was used to condemn to Death those which the Tournelle had abfolved by the last Decrec. Therefore they desired to know, which of the two was to be followed, left the Courts should be divided in their Proceedings ; upon which Remonstrances of the King's Council, a

Mercuriale was resolved (w). XCIV. They call in France Mercuriale, a general ConThe Mcr- vocation of all the Chambers of the Parliament to curiales

consider about the concerns of that august Body, to find out Remedies to cure the growing Evils, and to reprove one another, as the occasion requires it. But I do not think, (though I would not be positive) that there has been any such like Convocation in France, since that of this Year 1559, of which M. de Thou gives us such a full Account, that I think I shall oblige my Reader in abstracting out of the 22d Book of his History, the following Relation.

The Dutchess of Valentinois, says he, to which the forfeitures of the Goods and Estates of those condemned for Herefy belonged by the King's Concession, and the Guises who in

gratiated themselves into the People's Affec„ tion, by the Condemnation and Executions of

„, the (26) Beze lib. i. p. 171.

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,, the Sectaries, filled the King's Ears with Henry II. » this Opinion, that the venom of Heresy spread 55%

itself all over the Kingdom; that he reigned Paul IV. „ not truly in those Provinces wherein that Evil

reigned; that the audaciousness of those plagued

with it, was such, that they concealed not them„ felves any longer, but spoke openly and pub„ lickly all over the Kingdom ; by which the „ name of God was opprobriously defamed, and „ the King's Majesty without doubt lessened ;

for wherever the Divine Rights are confounded, certainly every thing comes to Subversion and Ruin:

The better to persuade the King, they employed the President Giles le Maitre, John St. Andrew, Anthony Minart, all Presidents of the Court; and Giles Bourdin the King's Attorney ; by whose Artifices, particularly those of Giles le Maitre, the King's Patience; who was inticed by the cheat of others, rather than by his own Opinion, was put to a Nonplus: for they shewed forth, that it was to little purpose to have Peace abroad, if the Kingdom was rent by a Domestick War much more cruel than a Foreign one ; that the Evil was come to that degree, that if it was dissembled any longer, it would be impossible to cure it by the authority of the Magistrates, or any Civil Laws, but it would require strong Armies on foot under the Royal Banner, as it had been the Case in the time of the Albigenses ; that the severity of the Sentences given against the Common People till then, had produced no better effect, than to make the Judges obnoxious to the hatred of all, very few having took a Warning by those Severities : That it was necessary to begin by the Judges themselves, amongit whom there was some who secretly countenanced the Scctaries, and others were work'd upon to Mer

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