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1532.

was Professor in Law in the University of Francis I. Bourges in iBerry; Calvin went thither, and

Pope meeting in that City some Persons who had al- Clement ready inibibed the Lutheran Opinions, (anhongst VII. whom were some Monks, Doctors in Divinity, and Melchior Wolmar a German who had been made Profeffor in Greek by the Queen of Na: varr,) he had feveral Conferences with them, particularly with Welmar, 'who engaged: bim to apply himself to the Study of the Greek and Hebrew ; which he did, and reaped great Benefit from it. Whilft he was a Student at Bourges, he preached several times at Ligneres a place in the Neighbourhood, where he was kindly receive ed by the Lord of the Manour and his Lady. From Bourges he went to Paris, where by his-Conferences and Exhortations, he increafed the number of the Reformed. But Cop, Rector of the University having delivered a Speech of Calvin's dictating, was fummoned before the Parliament, and he and Calvin were obliged to abfcond themfelves, and to quit Paris ; Cop went to Bafil, and Calvin' into Saintonge, where he »' forcad - his? Doctrine with Success, and likewise in Poitou; he had a Conference at Nerac with Fabri and Ruffi alias Russel, whom he found concurring almost in the same Principles with himself; then he came back to Paris : At last, having been forced by Persecution to leave the Kingdom, he went to Basil, where he stayed for some time, and published there his Christian Institutes, which he dedicated to Francis I. But that Prince, being prejudiced against all Works of that nature, would never read it. From Balil, Calvin went into Italy, where he was very kindly received by the Dutchess of Ferrara, Daughter to the late King Lewis XII. who shewed a great regard for

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VII.

Francis I. all such as laboured to procure a Reformation of 1532. Abuses. Pope

70 Clements

From thence he returned into France, where having settled his private Business, he intended to go to Strasbourg or to Bazil, having, along with him, his only Brother Anthony Calvin but the War being kindled, as there was no ether free passage, but through the Dominions of the Duke of Savoy, he took that road and came to Geneva, where yielding to the Atrong intrea.. ties of William Farel, he accepted of a place of Pastor of the Church, and Profeffor of Divinity i this was in August, 1536.

In 1538, He, Farel, and another Minister, received an Order from the Magistrate, to depart the Gity in two days, because they had refused to adminifter the Holy Supper on account of the depravation of Manners, which was still at Geneva, and of the Divisions which reigned amongst the principal Families. Calvin came to Strasbourg, where he was very kindly received by Bucer and Capito. He founded a French Church at Stras, bourg, and was the first Minister of it, and befides that, he was made Professor in Divinity.

Two Years after, at the instance of the Di. vines of Strasburg, he assisted at the Diet of Worms, convened by the Emperor to compose, if it was poffible, the differences of Religion. In the mean while, those of Geneva made so many instances and intreaties to regain him, that at last, he returned amongst them the 13th of September 1541, to the great Satisfaction of the People and Magistrates. The first thing he did, was to fettle a Form of Discipline, and a consistorial Jurisdiction, to which the right of censuring, and inflicting canonical Punishments, even the Excommunication, should belong.

VII.

IX.

mation

He ended his days at Geneva the 29th of May, Prancis I. 1564, in the 55th Year of his Age. He was a 1532. Man of great Wit, exquisite Judgment, great clement

Pope Learning, eloquent, zealous for the Truth, and extreamly laborious ; though of a very weak Conftitution as to his Body (d). I thought proper to insert here this short account of that great Man, who has so well deserved from Pofterity.

I come back to the Year 1532. The City of Thoulouse had been famous for its Trade, and for The RoforJurisprudence; but its Parliament had been always

preached at deemed the bloodiest of Franceagainst those whom Thoulouse, they called Hereticks. "Its University had been for a long time averse from the study of Languages, and of all polite Learning: The Inhabitants were to Saperstitious," that at the time I am fpeaking of, if a Man Bowed not before an Image, or tafted of fome Flesh in forbidden Days, it was enough to be condemned as an Heretick' (é).

But the most learned and industrious Julius and hoto Cæsar De la Scala, or Scaliger, whose Ancestors had been Lords of Verona, Vicenza, and other places usurped from them by the Venetians, being come into that Country, with Marc Anthony de la Romée an Italian Bishop, there happened a confiderable Alteration in all fober Minds: With Learning, the knowledge of Truth was introduced amongst them; and several having embraced the New Opinions, were condemned and executed for the fame, amongst whom was John de Caturce, a Licentiate in Law, burnt the beginning of June 1532.

Margaret Queen of Navarr, endeavoured to Margaret mollify

the King her Brother; the employed for common that purpose, William Parvi Bishop of Senlis, who countenanwas the King's Confeffor, and who to please her, ces the Re

received,

puhlished formation.

(d) Bayle's Dia. Article Calvin. B:ze Eccle. Hilt. Booki. Drelincourt, defense de Calvin. (e) Beze p. 10, 11.

VII.

Francis T. published the Primer translated into French, out

1533. of which he had retrenched the most Superstitious

Pope Clement part. After the Printing of that Book, she pub

lished one of her own, under this Title, The mirrour of the Sinner's Soul, wherein many things were found contrary to the Rites of the Roman Church, for there was not a word of the Saints of either Sex, nor of the merits of Works, nor of any other Purgatory, besides, Christ's Blood; nay, the very Prayer called Salve Regina, was tranfláted into French, and applied to Christ. These things incensed the Sorbonists; they were so bold as to inveigh against her Majesty in their Sermons; nay, they carried their Impudence fo får as to act a Comedy in the College of Navarr, wherein the Queen was represented in the Shape of a Hellish Fury, and they cớndemned her Bock.

The Queen made her complaints of thefe disrespectful Usages to the King her Brother: Some of the Actors were put in willing to know the reasons, on which the condemnation of the Book was grounded, the University thought fit to disavow exprefly the censure of the Sorbonists (fy.

Things were so well contrived by the Queen of Navarr's means, that Paris was provided with three of the best Preachers in the Kingdom, viz. Russel, Bertault, and Courault, who preached the Truth with a greater freedom'than the times feemed to allow : Bertault and Couralt were Auftin's Fryars. But the Sorbonne pursued them fo eagerly, that they were forbidden the Pulpit ; however, they agreed together to make private Lectures, inftead of Sermons. .PThe Sorbonists could neither endure this: They found Credit endugh to have Russel sent to Goal, and Courault was detained Prifoner in the

Bishop 0) Beze Hist. Eccl. lib. i. p. 13, 14, 15,

Cement

XI.

Bihop of Paris's Palace ; Bertault recanted pub- Francis I. lickly, and was made Canon of the Cathedral of 1534.

Pope , Befanzon,

For all that, the Tryal of the two Prisoners VHS took quite another turn than was expected by their Persecutors; Beda and Piccart,, two of them, drew upon themselves the King's displeasure by their seditious Sermons, the first was sent in Exile to the Mount St. Michael, where he died, and the other was banished from Paris for some time; Russel and Courault were set at Liberty, with a prohibition to preach any more, or to make any Lecture, Russel stay'd with the Queen of Navarr, and by his Diffembling he was promoted to the Abbey of Clerac, and then to the See of Oleron as abovesaid. Courault went into Switzerland, then into Savoy, and died at Geneva, being, one of the Ministers of the Church there. Such having been the issue of that Affair

, if the

Francis I's Reformed at Paris had waited patiently for a better time, very likely, the King would have re- tion so it. lished the Truth by degrees ; his Sister, and the Bishop of Paris with his Brother Mons. Du Langey, having so far prevailed with him, as to make him send an Invitation to Melanchton, to come into France, being desirous to hear him about the points then controverted in Religion (8)

But the preposterous and indiscreet Zeal of XII, some, quite altered his good Intentions. About The Play the End of 1534, they affixed in the publick their EfPlaces at Paris, and at the Louvre's Gates, nay feets. to the King's own Apartment, fome Articles against the Tenets of the Church of Rome, penned in words very injurious and unbecoming. The King hearing of this at Bluis, where he was at that time, was extreamly incensed, being incited to it by their Enemies, particular y by the

Constable (8) Beze Ibid. p. 15, 16.

Inclina

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