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1535 Pope

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Francis I. Constable of Montmorancy, and above all

, by Cardinal de Tournon: He resolved to destroy them Paul III. all, if it was in his power, and sent his Orders to

John Morin Lieutenant-Criminal of Paris, to inform against them, and to put in Prison all those who should be suspected.

an extraordinary diligence, that in a little time the Prifons were full of People of each Sex and Rank. Nevertheless, many escaped his Pursuit, and went into several Provinces of the Kingdom Of that Number was the famous James. Amyot, Translator of Plutarch's Life ; but he persevered not, and having recanted, he succeeded to Wolmar in his Professor-Thip at Bourges, from whence he was named to be Preceptor to King Charles the IX. then he was promoted

to the Abbey of St. Cornelia, and at last to the See of Auxerre.

The King being come to Paris, at the request of the Clergy,

made a folemn Procesfion the 39th of January 1535, at which he assisted in Person, with the Princes his Children, and all his Court, bare- headed, with Tapers in their Hands, and ordered the Ceremony to be concluded with the execution of fix of those who had been taken for that rash action, who were burnt alive. It is said that he folemnly affirmed before the Parliament, great numbers of the Nobility, and the Ambassadors of foreign Princes, that if he knew one of his Arms to be infected with such a Corruption, he would cut it off, left the other Members should be corrupted by it (5).

He published at the same time a very severe A legere Ediet against the Lutherans, (the Reformed were gainfibe called fo in France at that time,) by which, those Refér med. who should harbour, or conceal them, were made

liable (%) Gilles Ann. de France, fol. 134. Bouchet Ann. d'Acquitaine, Part 4. fol. 196.


liable to the same Punishment with them, and the Francis I. Informer was encouraged with the reward of the 535. 4th part of their Goods. In consequence of that Paul III. Edid the persecution raged furiously throughout all the Provinces of the Kingdom. The Germans were offended at it, but being told by the King (who stood in need of them,) that it was only against some Rebels who endeavoured to disturb the peace of his Kingdom, under pretence of

Religion, that took off the edge of their Resentment. The Queen of Navarr herself would or could XIV.

The Queen not protect them any longer, she was forced to

of Navarr diffemble her thoughts, and to act outwardly as if in danger. She had been a Roman Catholick. Nay, Brantome gives us an account of the danger she was once exposed to by the furiðus Zeal of the ConItable, who advised the King her Brother to begin by his Court and his nearest Relations, pointing at the Queen of Navarr, if he had a mind to extirpate the Hereticks out of his Kingdom. To which the King replyed, Let us not speak of her, The loves me entirely, the will never believe, but what I shall believe my felf, nor follow Religion prejudicial to my State (j). This Year 1535, a vast number of Martyrs sealed the truth with their Blood in France, in the Netherlands, and in England, where Henry VIII. who had renounced the Pope's Authority rather out of spite,' than

out of any principle of Religion, persecuted with the utmost rigour those who adhered to Luther's or Zwinglius's opinions.

The Anabaptists, who had made themselves XV. Masters of the City of Munster in Westphalia, Anabap. Since the year 1534, being led by one John Bucold or Buckelsen a Taylor of Leyden, were forced for.

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6) Brantome.


Francis I. at the latter end of June 1535, and their Chiefs 1535. taken, and punished as they deserved (i).

Pope Paul Ilf.

Besides the great Number of Reformed execumted in France this Year, many of them exiled them

XVI. felves, among whom were John Calvin, as aforeThe firft faid, Peter Robert Olivetan the Author of the French re- first French Version of the Bible, published by formed Bible.

the French Reformed, and printed at Neufchatel

in 1535; and Clement Marot (k). XVII. The 8th of July died Anthony Duprat, CardiCardinal nal Arch-bishop of Sens, Legate in France, and Du Prats, High-Chancellor ; He ended his Life at his CarCbarailer. tle of Nantouillet much troubled with the remor

ses of his Conscience, as it appeared by his Sighs, and Speeches, because he had followed no other Law (though he was so great a Lawyer himself) but his own private Interest, and the Passions of his Sovereign. It was he who deprived the Churches of the Right of Election, and of their Privileges : It was he who first introduced in France the Sale of the Offices of Judicature ; who shewed first in France the way of raising Taxes upon every thing ; and was the Author of this pernici

ous and Tyrannical Maxim, That there is no 1536. Land without a Lord (I). XVIII. This Year, the Spring and Summer were so A great

exceeding hot in France, and there was such a Drought drought, that the greatest part of the Fountain,

and Wells were drained, and likewise the MarShes and Ponds, and there was scarce any Water in the largest Rivers (m). Aun of Bullen was beheaded on Tower-Hill in the beginning of June, 1536.

In this year and the five following, the Persecution was carried on in France against the Re

in France.


(1) Sleidan lib, 10. p. 282. &c. (k) Beze lib. I. p. 21. () Mezeray Abreg. Chr. Tom. iv. p. 584. (m) Mezeray

ibid. p. 599.


formed, and cruel Executions were made of them Francis I. throughout the several Provinces of the King


Pope dom; notwithstanding which, the Reformation Paul III, spread itself, and took root every where.

Julius Cæfar Scaliger, or de l'Escale, was put to trouble in 1538, for having said, that Lent was Julius not instituted by Christ, or his Apostles; that Cafar Tranfubftantiation was not an Article of Faith Scaliger in

trouble. before the Council of Latran į and for having eat Flesh on forbidden Days: But by the favour of Monfiear La Chassaigne Counsellor of the Parliament of Bourdeaux, and of some other Counsellors who were not far off from the Kingdom of God, 'he was discharged nay, he was ini such great esteem in all that Country, that at his recommendation two or three Officers of Justice accused of. Heresy were discharged likewise (TM).

A Dominican Friar was burnt at Agen in the 1539. year 4539 for Religion, and was the first Martyr of the Reformation in that"City At Nonnay in Vivarais, a Man was burnt likewise for having refused to kneel down before an Image upon the Highway, as he was going to the Fair of Lyons.

The year 1540, was famous for the Passage of XX. the Emperor Charles V. through France," on his Charles V. way to Ghent, where he was going to punish the through Inhabitants who had révolted against him ; and France. for the excessive heat in France, where several 1540. fuffered Martyrdom. ' fn 1541, many were likewife executed for their Religion (6).

ID 1542; as the Princes of Germany, with the Emperor,'' had for a long while follicited the Pam! III. Pope for a Council

, Paul III. being not able to Courcil as resist any longer, had appointed one at Mantua Trent, in 1536, for May 1533.- Ffom that 'time he did put it off from one year to another ; but this year 1542, he was forc'd to be in earnest, +, No. I: :D

and (*) Beze ibid, p. 24, 2;. (0) Beze ibid. p. 28, 29.


Francis I. and he appointed one at Trent, and sent thither 1540. his Legates ; but the War being kindled again

Pope Paul III. in Italy, between the Emperor, and the King

of France, he was obliged to recall them in 1543,

and to put it off again to a better time (p). XXII. The Parliament of Rouen condemned one Proceeding Constantine and three others to be burnt; they of the Parliaments in

were executed together. France as

That of Paris forbad under severe Penalties the gainst the selling of any Book censured by the Sorbonne, Reformed.

particularly Calvin's Christian Institutes. At the instances of the Inquisitor, strict Charge was given to every one, under pain of Excommunication, to inform against those who should be sufpected of Heresy, in six days after the Discovery, and before one of the fix Doctors of Divinity, named in the Decree, or before John Morin Lieutenant Criminal. Then some Procellions were made, and some Reformed burnt in the Conclu

sion of them (9). XXIII. At this time an opportunity of forwarding the Landri's Reformation in France offered it felf, which was

not improved as it ought (r). One Landri, CuEfects. rate of the Holy Cross at Paris, moved with

some Zeal for the Truth, preached more freely than usual, against Purgatory, and some other Points of the Romish Creed. He was imitated by several other Preachers, and followed by so vast a number of People, that his Parish Church was too small to contain them all.

His Fame spread itself from the City to the Court, and reached the King's ears, who, notwithstanding Cardinal de Tournon's Opposition, resolved to send for him, and to hear him, for he was not at all satisfied upon the Article of Purgatory. The Cardinal, to ward off the Ef.

feets (p) Mezeray, ibid. p. 620.

. (9) Beze p. 29, 30. (*) Beze, ibid. p. 30, 31, 32.

Sermons and their

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