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Francis II. perstitions of the Church of Rome; and though

Hote: they did it but very slightly, some of their HearPjus iv. ers were so much offended at it, that they en

gaged a Monk to refute them in his Sermons ; but he did it with fo little Prudence, that a Woman moved by her Zeal, called him aloud a Blarphemer, and went out of the Church, no body taking the part of that Monk. This gave such courage to many others, that being in a manner ashamed to see a poor Woman having more good Sense and Zeal than themselves, they sent to the Church of Nimes, which was settled since the Year 1558, by whom I can't find, to desire them to send a Minister. Their Request was granted, and Mons. William Mauget was sent unto them, who settled the Church of Montpelier on the 8th of Feb. 1560, and having constituted there by a lawful Election Meff. Claudius Fremi and Francis Maupeau to be their Ministers, he return'd to Nimes. By the great Care and Diligence of these two Gentlemen, the Church increased vastly in a short time. I shall say more

presently of this Church of Montpelier. Cevennes.

About the same time the Cevennes, a mountainous Country, received with great Zeal the Truth of the Gospel ; not only the Commons, but the Nobility and Gentry of the Country.

Many Churches were settled in it almost at the Mielet. fame time. That of Melet by Mr. Robert MailAnduje. lart. That of Anduse by Mr. Pasquier Boust. Souve.

That of Sauve by Mr. Tartas. That of St. John St. John. of Gardonengue by Mr. Oliver Tardieu. That St. Ger- of St. Germain of Camberte by one who had been main.

a Bookseller at Geneva, and who was so successful in his Ministry, that he acquired to the Lord those of St. Stephen, of Ville Francesque, of the Bridge of Mauvert, of St. Privat, of Gabriac, and other adjacent Places.

At

tes.

mars.

At Aiguemortes, the Commander of the Fort, Francis[. named Mr. Daiffe, countenancing the Reformed,

1560.

Pope they sent to Geneva for a Minister, and Monf. E- Pius Tv, lias du Bosquet Native of Perigort, of about 60 Years of Age, was sent to them, and sealed the Aiguem.orGospel with his own Blood, as we shall see prefently.

We have spoke already of the Progreffes of the Reformation in Dauphiné, which was settled in many of the chief Cities ; as, at Valence by Monf. Valence. Peter Brule, who was succeeded by Mons. Gilles Solas ; at Montelimars by Monf. Tempeste, but Monteliparticularly by Monf. Francis de St. Paul; at Romans and other Places, but I don't find by whom.

In Burgundy the Reformation was preached Autun. and a Church settled at Autun, by Meff. John Veriet and John de la Goudrée, Canons of the Cathedral and Men of great Learning ; and at Chaalon upon Saone by Mr. Anthony Papillon, fent thither from Geneva, and Messieurs du Pré and Philibert Grené.

Now it happend at Montpelier that the Papists, encouraged by the small number of the Reformed, insulted them more boldly; therefore the Reformed thought fit to desire the Asistance of the neighbouring Places, and to lodge them in their Houses, every one as many as he could not to attack but to defend themselves against the Insults of their Enemies.

At this time Mons, de Poussan, a Man of great Honesty and Credit, was elected first Conful and Viguier of the City for the ensuing Year, and Francis Guichard Captain of the Watch. By their means the Reformed kept their religious Meeting with Security, and their number was much increased. Their Enemies fent notice of it to the Parliament of Thoulouse, which imme

diately

Chalon.

FrancisII. diately ordered some to be arrested, and others to 1560.

appear in perfon before them ; which Decree was Pope Pius IV.

of no effect, because the Sollicitor of it was seiz'd by some Gentlemen upon the road, as he was coming from Thoulouse, and brought into the Cevennes without any harm, where hearing the Sermons of the reformed Ministers, he abjured the Roman Religion, and by that means the Reformed at Montpelier escaped the threatning danger, and enjoy'd fome peace for a while. The Count of Crussol being come into the City the 28th of May, held the particular Sta:es of the Province. They were much comforted by the fair Promises which he made them in the Queen's Name. But on Sunday the 28th of July, an Assembly having been detected in a Joiner's House, the Chief Justice, a great Enemy to the Reformed, followed by several Clergymen, came into it, and having found but four Men and many Women, he took their Names down, and yet dismissed the Women, who promised to appear whenever they should be summoned, and fent the Men Prisoners ; but they were released in the Evening by the Magistrates Orders.

This hindred not the Reformed from meeting together the next night in the great Schcol, to the number of 1200, the doors being open, and being lighted with Links, Monsieur Maupeau their Minister preached an excellent Sermon on Rev. ch. vi. ver. 9, 10, 11,

The next day there was a general Assembly of the Court of Aids and of the Presidial Court, with several Gentlemen, Burgesses and Merchants, the Bishops of Montpelier, and of Carcassonne being present, wherein it was agreed by the plurality of Votes, that Mons. de Poussan, first Conful, should go to Court to inform the King of the true state of Affairs, and to mediate some way or other of settling and keeping peace between both Francis II. Parties.

other

1560. This Resolution pleased not all the Catholicks, Pius iv,

Pope who had a private Assembly the next day upon that Subject, wherein they resolved to send in their Name the Chief Justice to the Cardinal of Lorrain, to oppose every thing which Monf. de Pouffan should propose.

At this time the Tumults already mentioned arose in Dauphiné. This obliged the Guises and others, Enemies to the Reformed, to dissemble and be more circumspect in their Behaviour towards them, than they would have been otherwise, The Bilhop of Montpelier feigned to be in a great fright, and affecting to give out that he was not fafe enough in his episcopal Palace, he retired into the Castle of St. Peter, where he was follow'd by the Chief Justice and some others ; and it was found afterwards that they had melted in it several Relicks, among the rest a large Silver Head of St. Blaise, of which they made money, to play at Dicę and Cards with.

Now Mons. la Chasse alias Maupeau, Minister at Montpelier, by the advice of the Elders and Deacons, began to preach in the day-time at 7 a clock in the morning, in the great School of Montpelier ; of which the Magistrates taking notice, they senton the 24th of September the Judge-Criminal to the Affembly, with the Consuls and some of the most substantial Citizens, who being come before the Sermon was begun, every one strove to pay them the greatest respect. Then in a fet Speech he shewed forth the great evils arising from unlawful Affemblies; he expatiated much upon the Sects of the Libertines and Nicolaïts, who refused to acknowledge any King, Prince, or Magistrate, and from thence took occasion to charge that Assembly with a breach of the King's Edicts,

by

FrancisII by which they were forbidden to meet together 1560.

or to bear arıns. To conclude, he asked them Pope Pius Tv. three Questions; ift. If they did not acknow

ledge Francis II. for their only true, natural and Sovereign Prince. 2d. If they were not refolv'd to keep his Laws, Ordinances and Edicts. 3dly. If they did not acknowledge him, as well as the other Magistrates of Montpelier, for their Magistrates and Superiors established by the King.

To this, Monf, la Chasse, Minister, answered for all; that thanks to God, the Errors of the Nicolaïts and Libertines did not concern them, and that if any of their Assembly was guilty of Sedition or Rebellion, they consented that he should be taken and punished according to Law, so far were they from countenancing Men of such Principles; only it was the Magistrate's Duty to consider, left they fhould be imposed upon by flight Appearances. And in answer to the three Questions, he said, that they acknowledged Francis II. for their only true, lawful King, and their Sovereign Prince, under God, and the Magistrates of Montpelier for their lawful Superiors; that they always thought themselves in duty bound to submit their Fortunes and Lives to the King.

As to their Assemblies, they did not think that his Majesty had any Intention to hinder his Subjects to live in a christian Way, according to the pure Word of God, nor to rule over their Consciences, that Right belonging to God only. As to the bearing of arms, he might certify that since his return to Montpelier, none of the Arsembly was guilty of it; and he thought that no body could make with justice any complaint against any of them, of which they would be always very careful.

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