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fects of his Majesty's Resolution, thought fit to Francis I. threaten Landri, and to frighten him out of his

1543

Pope Wits. Therefore, as he came to be presented to Paul TIT. the King at St. Germain on the beginning of the year 1543, he let him know by one of his . Friends, That the King was so much incensed against him, that if he offered to speak a word favouring of Lutheranism, he was undone to all intents and purposes. The Trick had its defired effect, Landri naturally timorous and not used to speak face to face with Kings, stood mute before his Majesty, though in the most amiable words, he condescended fo low as to intreat him to speak freely his mind. He was so perfectly overcome by his panick fear, that he could not find in his heart to satisfy the King; his Majesty, provoked at this, sent him back without any further rigour, except that he ordered, that, if Landri had said any thing in his Sermons against the received Doctrine of the Church, he ought to recant, and from thenceforth to be confined in his own Parish. Submitting himself to his Doom, Landri recanted publickly before the Parliament the 29th of April 1543, and by that means he lost the Esteem of both Parties (s).

But about 14 years after, being prest by the remorses of his Conscience, he desired a Conference with one of the Ministers of the Reformed Churches at Paris, which being granted, he proposed the question much agitated in those days; whether it was not lawful for a Man to conceal and dissemble his Faith, and bow himself before Images, &c. provided he preserved his Heart pure, and undefiled before God ? Landri was for the Affirmative, but Mr. La Roche the Minister insisted upon the Negative, and convinced him of his Error. D 2

He () Sleidan Book 15. p. 425.

1543

Francis I.

He went out in a great perplexity of mind : Pope

few Months after, he fell fick, and being visited Paulin. among others by a Lady who professed the Re

w formed Religion, he told her, that he had someXXIV. thing upon his heart, which he desired to dirHis Death. close to her, that he thought the daily increase

of his Distemper was owing to his neglect of performing what he had promised to do ; and he appointed an hour, desiring the I.ady to come again 3 but being come at the appointed time, he lost his Speech, a few Minutes after his Senses, and died without being able to utter a word to the discharge of his Conscience (1).

This fame year was famous for the Siege of Perpignan, for the Revolt in Xaintonge and Country of Aunis, because of the Salt-pits, and for the renewing of the War between Charles V. and Francis I. The Parliaments of France proceeded severely against the Reformed, which ob

liged many to forsake their Goods and Country. XXV.

Clement Marot was one of them. The Sorbonne Marot leaves the bore him an ill will, since his Return to Court Court and from Italy, because he had translated in French the King- Rhymes 30 Psalms of David, which he dedi

cated to the King; who was fo well pleased with the performance, that he caused them to be printed. Nevertheless, Marot was obliged to fly from France, and went to Geneva, where he translated 20 more Psalms; but being too loose in his Morals, for such a Discipline as that, which

observed there in those days, he went into Piedmont which was then in the King of France's Possession, where he spent the remainder of his

Life, under the Protection of the Governors (). XXVI. The Sorbonne, this same year, usurped the Articles of Authority of making new Articles of Faith, drawn by (the Bishops, to whom the Cognizance of the the Sor.

Doc; konists. (t) Beze ibid.

(v) Beze p.33

dom.

Doctrines ought to belong in their own Diocese, Francis I.

1543 winking at it ;) upon the points controverted in

Pope those days. And the King authorized them by Paul III. his Edict, at the Instances of Liset first President of Parliament. These Articles were, That the Sacrifice of the Mass had been instituted by Christ, and is useful to the dead, as well as to the living ; that we must pray the Saints, that they may be our Intercessors and Advocates with Chrift ; that the Substance of the Bread and Wine is changed by the Confecration ; that the Priests only have a right to confecrate the Bread and Wine, and that to them only belongs the whole Sacrament of our Lord ; that the Monaftical Vows are to be strictly kept ; that the Holy Ghost is conferred by the Sacraments of Confirmation, and Unction ; that the Souls were delivered from Purgatory by Prayers, Pastings, and good Works; that the Laws of the Church ahout Fastings and the distinction of Meat binds the Conscience of Men ; that there is a supreme Head and Pontif of the Church, whom all are bound by Divine Right to obey ; that many things are to be believed and necessarily received, which are not delivered in the Holy Scriptures ; that by the Pope's Indulgences, the pain of Purgatory was remitted ; that Priests, even lewd and vicious, do confecrate the Body of Christ ; that a Man is bound to reveal all his mortal Sins to the Priest, and receive from him the Sacramental Absolution ; that a Man hath a Free-will, by which, he is able to do good or evil, and rise from the Death of Sin to the Life of Righteousness by Repentance ; that we obtain the remission of our Sins, not by Faith only, but by Love and true Repentance ; that the Church and the Councils lawfully assembled are infallible, and we are bound to obey them ; that it belongs to

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Paul III.

Francis I. the Church to judge of and interpret the Scrip1543

tures when there is any thing controverted.

Sleidan and Fra. Paolo reckon 25 Articles, but I could not find more than these 17 in Sleidan himself.

These Articles were published in the Streets of Paris by the publick Crier, then they were printed by the King's Command, and severe Penalties were decreed against the Offenders. Besides that the Sorbonists ordered, that all the Students, Batchelors and others should subscribe and follow these Articles, on pain of being expelled ; Calvin published an Answer to these Articles, wrote with a great deal of Wit, Perspi

cuity, and strength of Reason (u). XXVII. Mr. Peter Bonpain, Native of Meaux, having Perfecution been obliged to come to Aubigny to avoid Perat Aubigny.

fecution, so well persuaded many of the Inhabitants by his Conversation, that they joined themselves to the Assembly, where they convened together, to read some Chapters of the Bible and make Prayers. But he was arrested, tried, condemned, and burnt at Paris, at the pursuit of the Lord d'Aubigny, a Scotch Lord, who coveted with eagerness the forfeiture of the Goods of the richest Inhabitants of his Town. Nevertheless this Lord having been arrested himself, because his Brother the Earl of Lenox had betrayed the Trust which the King of France had put upon him, and was come to an Agreement with the King of England, the number of the Reformed increased mightily at Aubigny during his Confinement (w).

At Sens a small number of Reformed had begun to meet together for Religious Worship, when they were discovered ; some were arrested

and

(u) Beze ibid. Sleid. lib. xiv. p. 408. lib xv.p. 43?. (rue) Beze p. 34

and others obliged to fly. At Rouen one Mr. Francis I. Huffon Apothecary of Blois, was condemned by *544, the Parliament to be burnt, for having dispersed Paul Tii. some Pamphlets about the Points of Religion at the rising up of the Parliament : He suffered Martyrdom, with such an uncommon Constancy, that many of the Spectators were inticed by that, to examine into the Religion, for which he had suffered, and several imbraced it (x).

We come now to that most cruel and inhuman 1544. Slaughter made of the poor Merindolians, and those of Cabrieres, and many other adjacent Places in Provence.

The Waldenses inhabiting in Provence the XXVIII. Parts of Cabrieres, Merindol, La Cofte and of the

Waldenses. other neighbouring Places, have been accounted the first Offspring of the Waldenses of Dauphiné and Piedmont.

It was upon the like occafion, that those of Calabria took up their Abode in Provence, namely to disburthen their Vallies of so vast a Multitude of Inhabitants as were therein. And tho’at their first Arrival in Provence, the Country wherein they dwelt, was but a wild Desart, and an untilled Place, yet by the Blessing of God, within a few years they rendered it fruitful, and fit to bear Corn, Wine, Olives, Chesnuts, and other Fruits, in great Plenty and Abundance (y).

The first Persecutions, which they suffered, have not come to our knowledge, though we find at this day the Commissions given out by the Popes, and Anti-Popes residing at Avignon, very near to their Habitations, as particularly that of the Archdeacon of Cremona Albert de Capitaneis, and Francis Borelli a Monk of the Order of the Friar Minors, who in the year 1380,

D 4

re

(*) Beze ibid. (y) Perrin's Hift, of the Waldenfes, Book 2. ch. viii, translated in English.

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