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STATEMENTS SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

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Statement of Hon. Mike Mansfield, Representative from Montana--

24-25

Statement of Hon. Frederick A. Muhlenberg, Representative from Penn-

sylvania----

29-31

Letter to the Committee on Foreign Affairs from the World Peace and
Brotherhood Mission, Modesto, Calif., dated May 6, 1948_.

32-33

Statement on bills to revise the United Nations Charter, presented by the

National Woman's Christian Temperance Union.-

33-34

Statement of Henry J. Sutton..

34-38

Statement of Hon. Karl M. LeCompte, Representative from Iowa.

137

Memorandum by Dr. Paul Shipman Andrews on House Concurrent Resolu-

tion 163_.

147-150

Inventory of the Wealth of Nations, 1946, submitted by Mr. Richard Rim-

anoczy, educational director, American Economic Foundation--- 166–169

Statement by the Women's Action Committee for Lasting Peace concerning

the functional development of the United Nations --

202-203

Vanderhoof 13-Point Peace Plan to Eliminate Future Wars, submitted by

Mr. Frank E. Vanderhoof, of Suitland, Md--

204

Statements by Friends Bodies and a Conference of Churchmen, submitted

by Mr. Samuel R. Levering---

332-333

Annex to testimony of Mr. Clarence K. Streit, president, Federal

Union, Inc----

365-369

Statement of Paul Saunier, Jr., for the Richmond Committee for the United

Nations, Richmond, Va----

369-370

Strengthening the UN, by Emile Benoit-Smullyan, professor of economics

and head of the departments of economics and sociology for the Asso-

ciated Colleges of Upper New York---

370–372

The ABC Plan for World Peace, by Mr. Ely Culbertson, president, Citizens

Committee for United Nations Reform---

373–377

Resolution of the national executive committee of the American Legion,

November 1946, on strengthening of the United Nations---

398-400

Statement to the House Foreign Affairs Committee on world government,

and House Concurrent Resolutions 59 and 68, signed by about 20 citizens

of Iowa.

424 425

Statement of the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists -

425-427

Statement of Middletown Citizens Committee, Middletown, Ohio.-. 428-431

Statement of Mr. William Verity, chairman, Middletown Citizens Com-

mittee, Middletown, Ohio----

530531

Collective Self-Defense Under the UN, sixth report and memorandum and

draft treaty for implementary of article 51, by the Commission to Study

the Organization of Peace, research affiliate of the American Association

for the United Nations, Inc.---

457-459

List of organizations that have endorsed a strengthened UN through the

principles of the quota force plan (ABC plan)

464 466

Statement by the delegations of the four sponsoring governments on voting

procedure in the Security Council, June 7, 1945_

472-474

Uses of veto in public meetings of the Security Council of the United Na-

tions

474-476

Excerpt from address by Hon. George C. Marshall, Secretary of State, be-

fore the General Assembly of the United Nations, September 17, 19 17.- 476-477

Excerpt from address by Ambassador Warren R. Austin, United States

representative at the seat of the United Nations, before the American As-

sociation for the United Nations, New York City, September 20, 1947-- 477–478

United States Mission to the United Nations, press release No. 401, March

10, 1948—United States proposals to the Interim Committee on the Prob-

lem of Voting in the Security Council.---

479

480

Excerpt from article by Mr. Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Foreign Affairs,

October 1947---

481-482

Citizens Committee for United Nations Reform, Inc.: The Quota Force

Plan for United Nations Reform_

482-483

Resolution by United World Federalists First General Assembly, St. Louis,

Mo., November 1-2, 1947--

48+

Committee to Frame a World Constitution: Preliminary draft of a world

constitution, published March 1948_.

48.5–195

Létter addressed to Hon. Robert B. Chiperfield, Representative from Illi-

Page

nois, from Mr. Durward V. Sandifer, Acting Director, Office of United

Nations Affairs, Department of State, May 12, 1948, enclosing memoran-

dum concerning the veto in the Security Council of the United Nations. 495-504

Letter addressed to Hon. Joseph W. Martin, Jr., Speaker of the House of

Representatives, from Hon. George C. Marshall, Secretary of State,

May 12, 1947, transmitting a copy of the convention on the privileges and

immunities of the United Nations-

504-507

Letter addressed to Hon. Charles A. Eaton, chairman, Committee on For-

eign Affairs, House of Representatives, from Hon. George C. Marshall,

Secretary of State, May 7, 1948, concerning the reservation with respect

to income-tax immunity in Senate Joint Resolution 136----

507-508

Letter addressed to Hon. Lawrence H. Smith, chairman, Subcommittee

No. 6 of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives,

from Mr. Ernest A. Gross, legal adviser, Department of State, April 29,

1948, concerning section 9 of the International Organizations Immunities

Act..

508-512

Letter addressed to Hon. Joseph W. Martin, Jr., Speaker of the House of

Representatives, from Hon. George C. Marshall, Secretary of State,
March 17, 1948, enclosing a draft bill to amend the United Nations Par-
ticipation Act of 1945, with explanatory memorandum --

512-517 v

Letter addressed to Hon. Joseph W. Martin, Jr., Speakers of the House of

Representatives, from Robert A. Lovett, Under Secretary of State, Jan-

uary 19, 1948, enclosing draft bill authorizing the furnishing of services

and the detail of United States employees to public international organi-

zations

517-518

Letter addressed to Hon. Charles A. Eaton, chairman, Committee on For-

eign Affairs, House of Representatives, from Mr. Robert A. Lovett, Under

Secretary of State, February 13, 1948, enclosing memorandum cencerning

the United Nations headquarters loan agreement-

518-522

Letter addressed to His Excellency Trygve Lie, Secretary-General of the ',

United Nations, from Ambassador Warren R. Austin, October 29, 1947,

concerning the United Nations headquarters loan.--

523

Draft for loan agreement between the United States and the United

Nations, February 11, 1948---

523-524

Letter addressed to Hon. Charles A. Eaton, chairman, Committee on For-

eign Affairs, House of Representatives, from Mr. Robert Moses, city

construction coordinator, city of New York, April 30, 1948, concerning

the appraised value of the security for the United Nations headquartes

loan..

525–526

History of the Tax-Immunity Question in the United Nations, memorandum

submitted by the Department of State, May 24, 1948..

526–529

Supplemental statement of Mr. Robert J. Bishop, vice president, United

States Junior Chamber of Commerce_-

529-530

Synopsis of testimony of the Middletown Citizens Committee, May 20,
1948

530-531

Condensed statement by Mr. Clarence K. Streit, president, Federal Union

Inc-----

532-533

Summary of testimony and recommendations by Mr. Samuel R. Levering,

representing the Friends Committee on National Legislation and the

Peace Board of the Five Years Meeting of Friends---

533-534

Supplement to the testimony of Mr. Chat Paterson, national chairman,

American Veterans Committee (AVC)-

534-535

Outline of testimony by Dean Paul Shipman Andrews, College of Law of

Syracuse University, and chairman, New York branch, United World

Federalists, Inc.-

535–536

Outline of testimony by Cord Meyer, Jr., president, United World Federal-

ists, Inc.

537-538

Summary of W. T. Holliday of his testimony before the Foreign Affairs

Committee of the House of Representatives in its hearing in regard

to Joint Resolution 59_

538–539

Supplemental statement submitted by Hon. Owen J. Roberts, May 24,

1948_

539-540

Letter addressed to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Repre-

sentatives, from Mr. R. S. Rimanoczy, educational director, American

Economic Foundation, May 25, 1948, supplementing his testimony before

the committee..

541

Memorandum for the chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House Page

of Representatives, from Ernest A. Gross, legal adviser, Department

of State, May 26, 1948, concerning the convention on the privileges

and immunities of the United Nations..

541-542

Memorandum for the chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House

of Representatives, from Ernest A. Gross, legal adviser, Department of

State, May 27, 1948, concerning the convention on the privileges and

immunities of the United Nations---

542

Statement by Ambassador Warren R. Austin, for presentation to the Com-

mittee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, on the income-

tax provision of the convention on the privileges and immunities of the

United Nations, May 27, 1948_.

542-544

Letter adressed to Hon. Charles A. Eaton, chairman, Committee on Foreign

Affairs, House of Representatives, from Robert A. Lovett, Acting Sec-

retary of State, October 22, 1947, enclosing a memorandum concerning

the financing of the construction of the headquarters of the United

Nations---

544-546

Summary of views regarding resolutions for improving the United Nations,

submitted by Mr. Ely Culbertson---

546

546

Editorial, Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 23, 1948, Antirevisionist Fallacies_ 547–548

Letter addressed to Hon. Walter H. Judd, of the Committee on Foreign

Affairs, House of Representaties, from Mr. Anson T. McCook, chairman,

foreign relations commission, American Legion, May 27, 1948, enclosing

a supplemental statement of his views and specific suggestions for legis-

lative action.--

548-552

Statement submitted by Ambassador Warren R. Austin: Structure of the

United Nations

552–578

Letter addressed to Hon. Charles A. Eaton, chairman, Committee on For-

eign Affairs, House of Representatives, from Charles F. Noyes, chairman,

Charles F. Noyes Co., Inc., New York, regarding the United Nations head-

quarters loan.-

578

STRUCTURE OF THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE RE

LATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES TO THE UNITED NATIONS

TUESDAY, MAY 4, 1948

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The committee convened at 10 a. m., in the caucus room, House Office Building, Hon. Charles A. Eaton (chairman) presiding.

Chairman EATON. The committee will be in order.

In order to have Mr. Hays meet another engagement, I will ask Mr. Judd to present Mr. Hays first.

STATEMENT OF HON. WALTER H. JUDD, A REPRESENTATIVE IN

CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF MINNESOTA

Mr. Judd. Mr. Chairman, I am exceedingly grateful to you and to my colleagues on the Committee on Foreign Affairs for the decision to hold full and thorough hearings on a question which is foremost today in the minds of millions of Americans, namely, how to strengthen the United Nations so that it can become what the war-weary, disillusioned and apprehensive peoples of the world believed it was and want it to be, namely, a mechanism whereby disputes between nations can be settled equitably, with sufficient moral and military force to prevent aggression and maintain peace.

Mr. Chairman, before I proceed with my own statement, I should like to yield to the gentleman from Arkansas, Mr. Brooks Hays. Four years ago he and I began working on formulation and development by both political parties of an American foreign policy that would be continuing and dependable, no matter which party was in power. We introduced identical resolutions to that effect in 1944 and 1945. We sponsored the present identical resolutions, House Concurrent Resolutions 59 and 60, and 163 and 164. They are now before the committee and we have been joined by a good many of our colleagues, with others planning to join this week.

Mr. Hays must leave immediately to take a plane to Lexington, Ky., where he is to participate tonight, along with Mr. Javits, in a Town Meeting of the Air broadcast on the very subject under consideration here this morning.

It is indicative of the intense public interest in this subject, that this is the second broadcast on the question that the Town Meeting has arranged in less than 1 month.

Mr. Chairman, I ask that the gentleman from Arkansas be permitted to make his statement at this time.

1

STATEMENT OF HON. BROOKS HAYS, A REPRESENTATIVE IN

CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF ARKANSAS

the peace.

Mr. Hays. Mr. Chairman, I appreciate the courtesy of the committee and of my good friend Mr. Judd in permitting me to make a brief statement at this time.

Our case for a revised United Nations is a simple one. It rests upon the obvious fact that the organization as now constituted is not succeeding in its principal purpose, that of removing the threats of war. I believe that nothing less than a world tribunal, established by a charter defining aggression, authorized to determine judicially when an act of aggression is committed or threatened and empowered to stop such violations of the peace, will suffice.

We do not want to junk the United Nations; we want to save it.

We admit that this involves some delicate questions and requires an analysis of our relations with the Soviet Government. We want Russia as a participant in any agency for peace but if Russia defeats every move for perfecting the United Nations we must take steps without her. These steps would not be anti-Russian, they would be propeace.

Now, it is stated that the United Nations is making headway. Its friends say, “Look at the trouble spots it has removed; Indonesia, for example."

That is conceded. Also the United Nations is doing good work in humanitarian and cultural pursuits, but its procedures have not embraced the intransigent attitudes of those nations who apparently are not yet committed to judicial and cooperative means of keeping

It would help if we of the United States committed ourselves more forthrightly to a sound program of meeting aggression through the United Nations.

The next decisions are ours to make. Unless we make them intelligently and announce them vigorously we cannot complain if the only means we have for peace on a world scale deteriorates.

Now, in order to face the issue squarely, we have included in the resolutions a reference to exploring, under section 51, the possibilities for action with nations outside the Soviet sphere.

Let me emphasize the fact that what we want is a real United Nations with Russia and until we make sincere efforts to get that kind of United Nations we cannot define the issues related to the question of constructing a non-Russian world system for peace.

It involves the veto, of course. We complain because Russia has abused the veto, but Mr. Chairman, the issue is deeper. It is the veto itself and not its abuse that has caused some of the trouble. We would, however, carefully circumscribe its surrender. Vetoes would be left but not the power to invoke the veto where aggression is threatened.

Are we willing to chisel just a little of our own sovereignty away for the sake of another sovereignty, not a superstate but a peace sovereignty to serve defense ends?

If we proceed on that basis who knows but that Russia will revise her own policies and recognize that her interests look in the direction of cooperation with non-Soviet states, if not in economic affairs, at least in the ways of peace.

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