St. Augustine of Hippo: The Christian Transformation of Political Philosophy
A&C Black, 2006 M09 21 - 206 pages
St Augustine of Hippo was the earliest thinker to develop a distinctively Christian political and social philosophy. He does so mainly from the perspective of Platonism and Stoicism; but by introducing the biblical and Pauline conceptions of sin, grace and predestination he radically transforms the 'classical' understanding of the political. Humanity is not perfectible through participation in the life of a moral community; indeed, there are no moral communities on earth. Humankind is fallen; we are slaves of self-love and the destructive impulses generated by it. The State is no longer the matrix within which human beings can achieve ethical goods through co-operation with other rational and moral beings.
Augustine's response to classical political assumptions and claims therefore transcends 'normal' radicalism. His project is not that of drawing attention to weaknesses and inadequacies in our political arrangements with a view to recommending their abolition or improvement. Nor does he adopt the classical practice of delineating an ideal State. To his mind, all States are imperfect: they are the mechanisms whereby an imperfect world is regulated. They can provide justice and peace of a kind, but even the best earthly versions of justice and peace are not true justice and peace. It is precisely the impossibility of true justice on earth that makes the State necessary.
Robert Dyson's new book describes and analyses this 'transformation' in detail and shows Augustine's enormous influence upon the development of political thought down to the thirteenth century.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
according achieve Adam Augustine Augustine’s authority become beginning believe bishop bring called Cambridge cause century Chapter Christ Christian Church City civitate civitate Dei classical clear command commonwealth condition created death desire Divine doctrine Donatist duty early earth earthly emperor Empire Epistulae especially evil existence expression fact faith Fall fear ﬁnd ﬁrst give given govemment grace hand human idea important individual justice kind kings live London Lord material matter means medieval mind moral nature origin pagan peace philosophy political position possessions possible present principle punishment question reason regard relation religious righteous Roman Rome rule rulers Scripture secular sense slavery slaves social spiritual St Augustine Stoic Studies temporal theory things thought tion true truth understand University Press wars wish writings