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ARTICLE 4 OF THE THIRD GENEVA CONVENTION - THE TREATMENT OF
PRISONERS OF WAR
Article 4 provides:
"A. Prisoners of war, in the sense of the present Convention, are persons belonging to one of the following categories, who have fallen into the power of the enemy: (1) Members of the armed forces of a Party to the con
flict as well as members of militias or volunteer
corps forming part of such armed forces; (2) Members of other militias and members of other
volunteer corps, including those of organized resistance movements, belonging to a Party to the conflict and operating in or outside their own territory, even if this territory is occupied, provided that such militias or volunteer corps, including such organized resistance movements, fulfill the following conditions:
that of being commanded by a person res-
(c) that of carrying arms openly;
cordance with the laws and customs of war;
(3) Members of regular armed forces who profess al
legiance to a government or an authority not recognized by the Detaining Power;
(4) Persons who accompany the armed forces without
actually being members thereof, such as civil members of military aircraft crews, war correspondents, supply contractors, members of labor units or of services responsible for the welfare of the armed forces, provided that they have received authorization from the armed forces which they accompany, who shall pr vide them for that purpose with an identity cara similar to the annexed model;
(5) Members of crews, including masters, pilots and ap
prentices of the merchant marine and the crews of civil aircraft of the Parties to the conflict, who do not benefit by more favorable treatment under any other provisions of international law;
(6) Inhabitants of a non-occupied territory, who on the
approach of the enemy spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading forces, without having had time to form themselves into regular armed units, provided they carry arms openly and respect the laws and customs of war.
B. The following shall likewise be treated as prisoners of war under the present Convention: (1) Persons belonging, or having belonged, to the armed
forces of the occupied country, if the occupying power considers it necessary by reason of such allegiance to intern them, even though it had originally liberated them while hostilities were going on outside the territory it occupies, in particular where such persons have made an unsuccessful attempt to rejoin the armed forces to which they belong and which are engaged in combat, or where they fail to comply with a summons made to them with a view to internment.
The persons belonging to one of the categories enumerated in the present article, who have been received by neutral or non-belligerent Powers on their territory and whom these Powers are required to intern under international law, without prejudice to any more favorable treatment which these Powers may choose to give and with the exception of Articles 8, 10, 15, 30, fifth paragraph, 58-67, 92, 126 and, where diplomatic relations exist between the Parties to the conflict and the neutral or non-bel. ligerent Power concerned, those Articles concerning the Protecting Power. Where such diplomatic relations exist, the Parties to a conflict on whom these persons depend shall be allowed to perform towards them the functions of a Protecting Power as provided in the present Convention, without prejudice to the functions which these Parties normally exercise in conformity with diplomatic and consular
usage and treaties. C. This article shall in no way affect the status of medical personnel and chaplains as provided for in Article 33 of the present Convention."
EXCERPTS FROM THE FIRST CONGRESS OF THE ALGERIAN FRONT OF NATIONAL LIBERATION
LA SOUMMAM, ALGERIA - AUGUST 20, 1956 “THE ALGERIAN ARMY OF NATIONAL LIBERATION:
Algeria is divided into six Districts (Wilayas).
Each Wilaya is divided into zones.
Each zone is divided into regions.
Each region is divided into sections.
a) The Post Commands: As collective leadership has been accepted as a basic principle, all our consultative organizations should respect it without question. The Post Command is composed of a leader (political-military) representative of the F. L. N. (Algerian Front of National Liberation) central authority. He is assisted by a Deputy and associates who are officers or non-commissioned officers, up to three in number, concerned with the following branches of activity: military, political, intelligence and liaison. There are P. C.'s (Post Commands) at the Wilaya, Zonal, Regional and Sectional levels.
Promotions: Promotion is decreed by the organizational body immediately superior to that in which the man concerned belongs. The principle of promotion of all grades has been accepted.
UNITS: THE GROUP (fauj) is composed of 11 men including one sergeant and two corporals. The half-group equals 5 men and a corporal.
THE SECTION (ferka) is composed of 35 men (three groups plus the head of the section and his assistant).
THE COMPANY (katiba) consists of 110 men (3 sections plus 5 officers).
THE BATTALION (failek) consists of 350 men (three companies plus 20 officers).
THE GRADES: The grades accepted in the Kabylie have been adopted. El Fundi El Awwal a Red V inverted worn on the right arm. El Arif (Sergeant) two inverted Red V's. El Arif El Awwal (Sergeant Major) 5 inverted Red V's. El Moussaad (adjutant) a V underligned by a white stripe. Moulazen (Cadet) White Star. Moulsam (Second Lieutenant) a Red Star. Dhabt El Awwal 5 (Lieutenant) a Red Star, White Star. Dhabbat Etthani (Captain) 2 Red Stars. Sagh El Awwal (Commandant) two Red Stars, one White Star. Sagh Etthani (Colonel) three Red Stars.
Head of Wilaya: this will be a Colonel; his 3 assistants will be Commandants.
Head of Zone: this will be a Captain, assisted by 3 Lieutenants.
Head of Region: this will be a Sub-Lieutenant assisted by 3 Cadets.
Head of Sector: An adjutant assisted by 3 Sergeant Majors.
N. B. - The Political Commissars will have the same grades as the officers of the groups, etc. to which they are attached.
Badges: A star and a Red Crescent worn on the cap for each Wilaya. The stripes will be made by Wilaya No. 3.
Decorations: The C. C. E. has been instructed to examine this question.
N. B.- All the grades are provisional. After the liberation of the country a military commission will be instructed to study each case and to prepare for reclassification of existing grades within a National Army.
The rank of General will not come into use until after the liberation.
Appointments, dismissals and demotions of officers are