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made by the C. C. E. on the proposals of the Heads of Wilayas.
Non-Commissioned officers are named, dismissed or degraded by the Head of Wilaya. Corporals are named, etc., by the Head of Zone.
PAY AND FAMILY ALLOWANCES: Each Resistance Fighter will be paid according to the following scale: Soldier
1,000 Francs per month Corporal
1,800 Adjutant ...
5,000 The nurses, both men and women, are given the rank of Sergeants and as such receive a pay of 1,500 francs. Assistant Doctors have the rank of Cadets and are paid 2,500 francs per month. Doctors are ranked as Lieutenants and receive a pay of 3,500 francs per month. Only toilet articles are to be paid for by the fighters; all other needs are met by the Army.
Family Allowances: All the Freedom Fighters with family responsibilities will be provided with monthly allowances. However, fighters are asked to answer the call to patriotism and to lighten the burden on the Movement's finances as far as possible. Instructions to this effect will be issued to Group Leaders and Political Commissars. The Women Fighters will receive the same pay and allowances as the men for the same work (30 days out of 30). They will receive half pay when employed one week per month.
Prisoners and the families of those fallen in battle will receive relief on the same basis as the Freedom Fighters.
Relief will be calculated on the following basis :
For The Country: 2,000 francs basic plus 2,000 francs per person.
For the Cities: 5,000 francs basic, 2,000 francs per person.
The Political Commissars and their functions: the main tasks of the Political Commissars will be:
a) Organization and education of the people.
c) Psychological Warfare (contacts with the people), the European minority, prisoners of war. The Political Commissars will give their advice on all the military action pla of the A. L. N. (Algerian Army of National Liberation).
d) Finances and Food Supples.
D) ADMINISTRATION, PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLIES
The People's Assemblies will be elected. They will be composed of five members including a President and will be concerned with: civic status, legal and Islamic affairs, financial and economic matters and the police."
SPECIAL EMERGENCY LEGISLATION ENACTED
BY THE GOVERNMENT OF FRANCE, MARCH, 1956*
LAW NUMBER 56-258, March 16, 1956 - authorizing the Government to undertake in Algeria a program of economic expansion, social progress and administrative reform, and enabling it to take any exceptional measures in view of the re-establishment of order, the protection of lives and property, and the protection of the territory.
In Algeria, the Government will dispose of the most extensive powers to take any exceptional measure required by the circumstances, in view of the re-establishment of order, the protection of lives and property, and the protection of the territory.
Whenever the measures taken in accordance with the above have for effect the modification of existing legislation, they shall be enacted by a decree taken in the Council of Ministers.
MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE AND
THE ARMED FORCES
DECREE NO. 56-268 of March 17, 1956 concerning the organization, the competence and the functioning of military justice in Algeria, in view of the re-establishment of order, the protection of lives and property, and the protection of the territory.
* Journal Officiel de la Republique Francaise, Lois et Decrets, March 16-29, 1956. No. 64.78, pp. 2591 - 2592.
The President of the Council of Ministers,
Upon the joint report of the Minister of National Defense and of the Armed Forces, of the Minister of State, Keeper of the Seal, charged with Justice, and of the Resident Minister in Algeria,
In view of the law of March 9, 1928 revising the code of military justice for the ground army;
In view of the law no. 56-258 of March 16, 1956 authorizing the Government to undertake in Algeria a program of economic expansion, social progress and administrative reform, and enabling it to take any exceptional measures in view of the reestablishment of order, the protection of lives and property and the protection of the territory, notably, article 5;
With the agreement of the Council of Ministers, DECREES: Article 1 - From the date that this decree becomes effective, the military jurisdiction established in Algeria may be seized, even in the preliminary examination, of all actions committed after October 30, 1954 in a judicial department of Algeria when any of the following infractions are concerned: 1. All crimes against the internal security of the State; 2. Armed rebellion; 3. The provocation or participation in a criminal meeting
or assembly; 4. Criminal association and giving aid or concealing from
justice, as outlined in articles 61 (para.1) and 265-267
of the penal code; 5. The violations outlined in articles 16 and 17 of the law
of July 15, 1845 on the railway police; 6. Hindrance to circulation on highways; 7. The crimes outlined in articles 5 to 9 of the law of May
24, 1834 concerning the possession of arms or war sup
plies; 8. Murder and other violences as outlined in articles 231,
232 and 233 of the penal code; 9. Murder and all intentional homicide, poisoning; 10. Blows and wounds of a criminal category; 11. · The illegal detention of persons; 12. Rape and other violation of decency;
13. Intentional arson and destruction as outlined in articles
434, 435 and 437 of the penal code; 14. Pillage and other damage as outlined in article 440 of the
penal code; 15. All theft or concealment of a criminal category; 16. In a general manner, all crimes or offenses endangering
the national defense; 17. The attempt to commit crimes or offenses covered by
this decree, or complicity therein. Article 2 - The organization of military justice in Algeria remains as determined by the decree of December 22, 1953 outlining the number, place and competence of the permanent tribunals of the armed forces in time of peace.
However, the permanent tribunals of the armed forces of Algiers, Oran and Constantine will each consist of 4 chambers which may preside in any place coming under the jurisdiction of the above specified tribunals.
The first president of the Court of Appeals of Algiers shall designate, from among the magistrates under his jurisdiction, the presidents of the military jurisdictions in Algeria as well as the assistant judges provided for by the next to last paragraph of article 10 of the law of March 9, 1928 for the judgment of crimes and offenses against the external security of the State.
The jurisdictions established apply equally to the facts specifically covered by Article 1, as to those coming within the normal competence, that is, the procedure described in Title II, chapter III and IV of the law of March 9, 1928 for military tribunals established in territorial circumscriptions declared totally or partially in a state of siege.
The permanent tribunal of appeal of the armed forces, established in Algiers by the decree of December 23, 1953 is raised to permanent tribunal of appeal of the armed forces to make judgment on all the appeals against the decisions within its jurisdiction. Article 3 - Searches may be made, day or night, in the homes of citizens. Article 4 - In every case, the jurisdiction of the common law