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will remain competent as long as the military authority does not claim the process.

Appeals formulated against decisions of the permanent tribunals of the armed forces remain within the competence of the permanent tribunal of appeals of the armed forces. Article 5 - After the repeal of the present decree, the military jurisdiction will continue to deal with the crimes and offenses whose prosecution has been conferred to it. Article 6. The Minister of National Defense and the Armed Forces, the Minister of State, Keeper of the Seal, charged with Justice, and the Resident Minister in Algeria are charged with the application of this decree. Paris, March 17, 1956

By the President of the
Council of Ministers:

Guy Mollet

The Minister of National Defense

and of the Armed Forces,
Maurice Bourges-Manoury

The Minister of State, Keeper of the Seal

Charged with Justice,

Francois Mitterand. The Resident Minister in Algeria,

Robert Lacoste.

DECREE NO. 56-269 of March 17, 1956 concerning the possibility in Algeria of indicting directly before the permanent tribunals of the armed forces, those individuals caught in the very act of participation in an act against human life or property.

The President of the Council of Ministers,

Upon the report of the Minister of the National Defense and of the Armed Forces, of the Minister of State, Keeper of the Seal, charged with Justice, and of the Resident Minister in Algeria ;

In view of the laws of March 9, 1928 and of January 13, 1938, revising the codes of military justice for the ground army and for the naval forces;

In view of law no. 56-258 of March 16, 1956 authorizing the Government to undertake in Algeria a program of economic expansion, social progress and administrative reform, and enabling it to take any exceptional measures in view of the re-establishment of order, the protection of life and property and the protection of the territory, notably article 5;

With the agreement of the Council of Ministers,

DECREES:

Article 1 - In Algeria, notwithstanding any contrary dispositions of the codes of military justice, the competent military authorities may order the direct indictment before a permanent tribunal of the armed forces, without prior examination, of individuals caught in the very act of participating in an act against human life or property provided that it concerns violations outlined in article 1 of the decree no. 56-268 of March 17, 1956, even if these infractions are capable of receiving the capital punishment, when they have been committed by people carrying arms, explosives, munitions, destructive material or stocks of military equipment or clothing. Article 2 - The tribunal of the armed forces will be immediately informed of all infractions whose prosecution has been conferred to it.

No delay is imposed between the handing of the summons to the accused by the tribunal of the armed forces, and the session of this tribunal.

Article 3 - In the absence of legal defense chosen by the accused and present at the hearing, the president of the tribunal of the armed forces shall have one designated by the “batonnier” or shall designate one himself in the absence of the Bar at the seat of the tribunal of the armed forces. Article 4 - The judgments rendered by the tribunals of the armed forces, irade in accordance with the conditions fixed by this decree, are susceptible of appeal only before the military tribunal of appeals competent as defined by the texts in effect and enacting its decisions with the composition and according to the procedure outlined by these texts.

Article 5 - The Minister of National Defense of the Armed Forces, the Minister of State, Keeper of the Seal, charged with Justice, and the Resident Minister in Algeria are charged with the application of this decree.

Paris, March 17, 1956

By the President of the
Council of Ministers:

Guy Mollet

The Minister of National Defense

and of the Armed Forces,
Maurice Bourges-Manoury

The Minister of State, Keeper of the Seal

Charged with Justice,

Francois Mitterand. The Resident Minister in Algeria,

Robert Lacoste.

APPENDIX V

“THE REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

ON THE INTERNMENT CAMPS IN ALGERIA"

Full Text of Comprehensive Summary as Published in

Le Monde of January 5, 1960

“Following is an analysis of the reports submitted on December 15 by a mission of the International Committee of the Red Cross which visited the camps and internment centers of Algeria from October 15 - November 27.

“Each of the 82 reports submitted by the mission follows the same precise and detailed form. It notes the date of the visit, the name of the investigators and persons accompanying them, the date of the previous visit, the name of the commander of the camp, of the doctor, the actual size and equipment and the location.

"Following are the subjects dealt with: lodging facilities, hygiene, food, clothing, medical and dental care, deaths, the extent and nature of work required from the inmates, the number of those released, contacts with the outside world (mail, packages, visits, etc.), free time, and physical exercise, general treatment and discipline. In most of the cases, the report is further completed by the inclusion of private talks held with certain inmates chosen by the Red Cross delegates. An overall judgment is often included as to the general atmosphere and conditions of detention or internment in the camp visited. For evident reasons, in the summary presented below we have avoided giving any names, either of the authorities or of the inmates."

THE MILITARY INTERNMENT CENTERS (C. M. I.)—(11

visits)

“In general, the reports on the military internment centers end on a favorable note: in eight of the eleven centers visited, the mission considered that the living conditions were good or adequate, the discipline rigorous, but humane. Special tribute was even given to certain camp commanders for the intelligent and liberal manner in which they accomplished their task (particularly with regard to professional formation). However, there was criticism on specific details.

“The centers visited where conditions were judged favorable were: Boghar, in the zone of Medea (with 372 inmates) ; Ferme des Anglais, near Bone (402), Hamman Bou-Hadjar (173), Ksar-Thir (478), Tigzirt (356) and work groups set up on the barricade along the Moroccan frontier (360), particularly near La Moriciere at Melchor, and at the D. R. S. farm of Marnia. Very few fatalities are noted, but also few releases, except in the camp of Tigzirt (a re-education center) where 551 persons have been released in two years, out of a total of 1200 prisoners. At the Ferme des Anglais, one inmate testified that four of his companions had been summarily executed last April. The report mentions their names. Many inmates in the above camps complained of having undergone inhumane treatment - not at the camp - but during the preliminary questioning, before their internment.

“The living conditions in three camps were judged less favorably. In the latter of these, the conditions of discipline were criticized: these are the camps of Burdeau (230 inmates), now under construction and where a hunger strike took place during November; the camp of Tiraou (154) and Sidi-Zaher (63). In Sidi-Zaher, the inmates stated that most of the improvement in their conditions (linens, beds, clothing apparel) only took place two or three days before the mission's visit."

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