Pagan Virtue: An Essay in Ethics

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Clarendon Press, 1991 - 242 pages
The study of the virtues has largely dropped out of modern philosophy, yet it was the predominant tradition in ethics from the ancient Greeks until Kant. Traditionally the study of the virtues included the study of what constituted a successful and happy life. Drawing on such diverse sources as Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Shakespeare, Hume, Jane Austen, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Sartre, Casey here argues that the classical virtues of courage, temperance, practical wisdom, and justice centrally define the good for humans, and that they are insufficiently acknowledged in modern moral philosophy. He suggests that values of success, worldliness, and pride are active parts of our moral thinking, and that the conflict between these and our equally important Christian inheritance leads to tensions and contradictions in our understanding of the moral life.

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Contents

Persons
1
Courage
51
Temperance
104
Practical Wisdom
144
Justice
172
Pagan Virtues?
199
Homer Shakespeare
211
Bibliography
227
Index
233
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About the author (1991)

John Casey, University Lecturer in English, University of Cambridge, and Fellow, Gonville and Caius College.

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