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III. Exposition and Discussion of the Charter of the United Nations

PREAMBLE

Page
227-228

227-229

Meaning of “We the peoples of the United Nations”.

Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky.
Relationship to chapter I, Purposes and Principles ---

Millikin, Vandenberg, Pasvolsky.
Respect for obligations arising from treaties.

Millikin, Pasvolsky.
Legal force of Preamble.

Millikin, Pasvolsky.

228

229

CHAPTER I. PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES (arts. 1, 2)
Statement by Mr. Stettinius..

208
Status and use of statement of Purposes and Principles of the Organiza-
tion.-

227, 229
Austin, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER II. MEMBERSHIP (arts. 3–6)
Meaning of "Member” and “member".

230-231, 242
Austin, Connally, Green, Pasvolsky, Hill.
Reference to signatories to the Declaration by United Nations of January 1,
1942 (art. 3)

230
Burton.
Poland entitled to original membership as signatory to the United Nations
Declaration (art. 3) -

230
Burton, Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky.
Argentina entitled to original membership as participant in the Conference
at San Francisco (art. 3).

231
Austin, Connally, Pasvolsky.
Neutral states as potential Members (art. 4) ---

231
Millikin, Pasvolsky.
Vote required for suspension and expulsion (arts. 5, 6, 18).

231, 240
Millikin, Pasvolsky.
Procedures of suspension and expulsion, and of reinstatement-

240-241
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky.
Withdrawal from membership-

232-240
Omission from Charter.

232-233
George, Vandenberg, Pasvolsky.
Conference statement on withdrawal.--

232-233
Connally, Pasvolsky.
Statement in Report to the President..

232
Hill, Pasvolsky.
Right of withdrawal absolute or limited?.

232-239
George, Connally, Austin, Tunnell, Millikin, Thomas of Utah,

Vandenberg, Pasvolsky.
Application of article 2 (6) after withdrawal.

233
Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky.
Probable procedures

233-234
LaFollette, Austin, Pasvolsky.
Relationship to the maintenance of peace and security -

233-236
Austin, Millikin, Connally, Lucas, Pasvolsky.
United States position on the issue.

237
Statement by Senator Vandenberg.
Effect on the community of nations.-

237-239
Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky.
Financial obligations.

239
Tunnell, Pasvolsky.
Amendments and withdrawal from Membership.....

239-240, 324
Austin, Hatch, Millikin, Pasvolsky.
Effects of change in character of one of the principal states.. 324 326

Millikin, Barkley, Pasvolsky.
Termination of treaties without specific provision..

327, 346-348
White, Pasvolsky, Thomas of Utah, Hackworth.
Legal force of Conference statement..

347-348
Connally, Millikin, Hackworth.

CHAPTER III. ORGANS (arts. 7, 8)

Pago Statement by Mr. Stettinius.

209 Enumeration of principal organs (art. 7).

241 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Eligibility of men and women to participate on equal terms (art. 8).

241 Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER IV. THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY (arts. 9-22) Statement by Mr. Stettinius.

217-219 Composition of the General Assembly (art. 9)-

241 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Differentiation of function between Security Council and General Assembly

243 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Difference in meaning between discuss” and “consider”.

242-243 Hatch, Pasvolsky. Principal function of General Assembly to create conditions conducive to international peace-

243-244 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Effect of phrase "present Charter" in article 10.-

244-245 Burton, Thomas of Utah, Tunnell, Hatch, Connally, Pasvolsky. Functions in maintenance of international peace and security (arts. 11, 12). 245–247

Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky.
Limitation of power of recommendation on question before the Security
Council (art. 12)

247-249 Austin, Millikin, Lucas, Hill, Pasvolsky. Functions in economic and social fields (art. 13)

249 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Development and codification of international law (art. 13).

249 Burton, Pasvolsky. Power to recommend measures for peaceful adjustment of situations deemed likely to impair the general welfare (art. 14).

249-257 Austin, Vandenberg, White, Hill, Millikin, La Follette, Pasvolsky. Revision of treaties as aspect of peaceful adjustment (art. 14)..

249–251 Austin, Vandenberg, Connally, White, Pasvolsky. Relationship of article 14 to measures for maintenance of peace and security

251-253 Millikin, La Follette, Hill, White, Wiley, Connally, Pasvolsky. Reports to the General Assembly by the Security Council and other organs of the United Nations (art. 15)

255 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Budgetary powers (art. 17)..

256 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Voting (art. 18)

257-258 Millikin, Burton, Pasvolsky. Voting by delegations of the Members

242 Green, Pasvolsky. Voting majority necessary to recommend measures for peaceful adjustment..

257 Burton, Pasvolsky. Procedures (art. 20–22).

256 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER V. THE SECURITY COUNCIL (arts. 23–32) Statement by Mr. Stettinius.-

209-217 Criteria for election of nonpermanent members (art. 23).

258–259 Connally, Lucas, Pasvolsky. Representation of Members in the Security Council (art. 23)

267-270 Green, Barkley, Connally, Hill, Lucas, Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky. Basic powers of Security Council (art. 24) --

259 Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky. Acceptance of Security Council decisions by Members of United Nations (art. 25)-

259, 291-292 Thomas of Utah, Connally, Pasvolsky. Responsibility for planning regulation of armaments (art. 26).

260-265 Vandenberg, Lucas, Barkley, Connally, Hill, Millikin, Pasvolsky.

Pupo
Voting (art. 27)---

265-267
Connally, Burton, Pasvolsky.
Voting on "procedural questions”.

266-267
Vandenberg, Connally, White, Pasvolsky.
Voting in election of judges and calling of Conference to revise the Charter. 270

Statement of Mr. Pasvolsky.
Differences between Dumbarton Oaks Proposals and the Charter in
powers of the Security Council relating to pacific settlement.. 259-260
Austin, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER VI. Pacific SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES (arts. 33–38)
General statement on pacific settlement.--

270-271
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky.
Power to call upon the parties to settle their disputes by peaceful means
(art. 33)-

271-272
Millikin, Pasvolsky.
Investigation of disputes (art. 34)---

270-271
Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky.
Assumption by Security Council of jurisdiction over a dispute (art. 37)- 272-274

Lucas, Austin, Connally, Pasvolsky.
Power to recommend terms of settlement (arts. 37 (2), 38, 39) -

274-282
Austin, Connally, Pasvolsky.
Technical Committee's interpretation of article 37-

281-282
Austin, Pasvolsky.
Application of voting procedure to article 37..

282-285
Burton, Connally, Pasvolsky.
Definition of "danger to international peace and security".

284
Burton, Pasvolsky.
Role of Security Council in giving effect to judgments of the Court (arts. 39,
94).

285-287
Burton, Pasvolsky.
Omission of definition of "aggression''-

---- 287–288
Brooks, Connally, White, Vandenberg, Pasvolsky.
Security Council not a court of appeal in relation to other international
bodies.

189
Hill, Pasvolsky.
Power of Security Council to consider past acts of aggression and their con-
tinuing effects.--.

289-291
Millikin, George, Pasvolsky.
Power of Security Council to inquire into activities of occupation forces.. 291

Millikin, Pasvolsky.
Power of Security Council to review acts of the Peace Conference. 292–295

George, Murray, Connally, Tunnell, Green, Barkley, Pasvolsky.
CHAPTER VII. ACTION WITH RESPECT TO THREATS TO THE PEACE,

BREACHES OF THE PEACE, AND ACTS OF AGGRESSION (arts. 39-50)
Enforcement by military action (art. 42).

291
Burton, Vandenberg, Connally, Pasvolsky:
Agreements on armed forces, assistance and facilities (art. 43)... 295-296

Lucas, Pasvolsky.
Participation in decisions on employment of armed forces by Members
not on Security Council (arts. 43, 44)-

291-292, 295-296
Lucas, Burton, Pasvolsky.
National contingents composing international force (arts. 43, 44)------ 301-302

Tunnell, Hatch, Burton, Pasvolsky.
Authority of Representative of the United States in the Security Council
to decide on use of contingents furnished by United States.

297-301
Millikin, Connally, Hatcḥ, Vandenberg, Pasvolsky.
CHAPTER VIII. REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS (arts. 52–54; also ch. VIII, art. 51)
General statement by Mr. Pasvolsky -

302
Definition of exception of measures against any enemy state" (art.
53)

302-304, 309
Millikin, Green, Pasvolsky.
Monroe Doctrine and "collective self-defense" (arts. 51, 2 (4))..... 304-307

Vandenberg, Millikin, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER IX. INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COOPERATION

(arts. 55–60)

CHAPTER X. THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL (arts. 61-72)

Page
Statement by Mr. Stettinius.

218
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky--

307
International control of narcotics.

309
Vandenberg, Pasvolsky.
Investigations and inquiries as “intervention in domestic affairs”. 309-312,

319-321
Millikin, Connally, Barkley, Pasvolsky.
Specialized agencies (arts. 57–59, 63, 64, 70).--

308
Austin, Pasvolsky.
CHAPTER XI. DECLARATION REGARDING Non-SELF-GOVERNING

TERRITORIES (arts. 73, 74)
CHAPTER XII. INTERNATIONAL TRUSTEESHIP SYSTEM (arts. 75–85)

CHAPTER XIII. THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL (arts. 86–91)
Statement by Mr. Stettinius.

219
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky --

309
American interests in Pacific island bases.

314-316
Johnson of California, Connally.
Procedures in making trusteeship agreements (art. 77).

316
La Follette, Green, Pasvolsky.
Claim of a state that it is "directly concerned” in terms of a trusteeship,
agreement (art. 79).

321-322
La Follette, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER XIV. THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE (arts. 92–

96)—STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
Statement by Mr. Stettinius.

219
Relationship of Statute to Charter (art. 92).

330
Burton, Hackworth.
Compliance with decisions of the Court (art. 94).

330-332
Burton, Hackworth.
Resort to other tribunals (art. 95) --

332-333
White, Thomas of Utah, Barkley, Hackworth.
Relationship of the Security Council to the Court-

333-334
Hawkes, Burton, Thomas of Utah, Hackworth.
Compulsory' jurisdiction of Court limited to States signing Optional
Clause.

334, 338, 341
Hawkes, Thomas of Utah, Austin, Hackworth.
Codification of international law and the court.

335
Burton, Hackworth.
Advisory Opinions (art. 96).

335-336, 346
Thomas of Utah, Austin, White, Hackworth.
Discretion of the Court in rendering advisory 'opinions.-

336
Austin, White, Hackworth.
Evolution of the Statute of the International Court of Justice:
Statement by Mr. Hackworth -

336-337
Election, terms of office, compensation of the judges.

337, 339
Barkley, Hackworth.
Basis and criteria of Court decisions:
Statement by Mr. Hackworth---

340
Ad hoc judges.

340
Austin, Hackworth.
Provision for special chambers:
Statement by Mr. Hackworth_

340
Meaning of "eldest judge”.

341-342
Green, Barkley, Burton, Hackworth.
Tie vote in the Court..

343
Tunnell, Barkley, Hackworth.
Provision for amending the Statute..

343–344
Connally, Hackworth.

Page
344

Role of the United States in development of the Permanent Court of
International Justice:

Statement by Mr. Hackworth -
Relationship of the new Court to the Permanent Court of International
Justice and the Permanent Court of International Arbitration ---

Barkley, Hackworth.
Membership in this court not identical with that of Permanent Court of
International Justice..

Burton, Hackworth.

345

346

CHAPTER XV. THE SECRETARIAT (arts. 97-101)
Statement by Mr. Stettinius..

221
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky -

317
Role of General Assembly in the election of the Secretary-General (art.
97).

317
Barkley, Pasvolsky.
Deputy Secretaries-General..

317
Statement by Senator Connally.
Term of office of Secretary-General.

318
George, Connally, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER XVI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISION$ (arts. 102-105)
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky --

318
Registration of treaties and international agreements (art. 102).

318-319
George, Pasvolsky.
Treaties previously registered with the League of Nations-

318-319
Burton, Pasvolsky.

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CHAPTER XVII. TRANSITIONAL SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS (arts.

106-107)
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky-,

322
Possible application of article 107 to Russian-Polish relationship--- 303. 309, 322
Millikin, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER XVIII. AMENDMENTS (art. 108, 109)
Amendments to the present Charter (art. 108)
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky --

322
Conference for review of the Charter (art. 109)
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky --

323
Withdrawal from membership as consequence of amendments to the
Charter..

323-324
Millikin, Pasvolsky.
(For discussion of other aspects of withdrawal, see topics under Chapter II:

Membership: Withdrawal from Membership.)
Reasons for difficulty of amending process

327-328
Thomas of Utah, Pasvolsky.

CHAPTER XIX. RATIFICATION AND SIGNATURE (art. 110-111)
Statement by Mr. Pasvolsky - -

328-329

Statement on the Charter by John Foster Dulles, Adviser to the United

States Delegation to the United Nations Conference on International
Organization

640
Discussion of statement by Mr. Dulles:
Agreement on armed forces to be furnished to the United Nations. 645-
Millikin, George, Connally, Wiley, Dulles.

646, 651-655
Right of withdrawal from membership in the United Nations.. 646 649, 651

Millikin, Connally, Barkley, White, Tunnell, Dulles.
Relation of the Monroe Doctrine to the Charter.

649-651
Millikin, Austin, Dulles.

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