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565

,

Statement of-Continued

Page

Krimm, Ray, executive director of the United Nations council at

Philadelphia, and associate consultant of the United States delega-

tion at the San Francisco Conference, representing Americans

United for World Organization..

432

Libby, Frederick J., executive secretary, National Council for Preven-

tion of War.

394

Lilienthal, Alfred M.

589

Lohle, Miss Irene, Pittsburgh, Pa

601

Lohle, Mrs. Marie, Pittsburgh, Pa..

604

Michelet, Paul D., Washington, D. C...

413

Miller, Martin H., national legislative representative, Brotherhood of

Railroad Trainmen..

598

Mote, Carl H., Indianapolis, Ind..

580

Mowrer, Mrs. Lillian Ì., chairman, District of Columbia Chapter,

Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace -

Oliver, Judge L. Stauffer, chairman of the board of United Nations

Council of Philadelphia --

532

O'Neal, Edward A., president, American Farm Bureau Federation,

submitted by W. R. Ogg -

591

Owen, Hon. Robert L., former United States Senator from the State of

Oklahoma

534

Pasvolsky, Leo, Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Inter-

national Organization and Security Affairs--

224, 237, 281, 321

Reardon, Thomas J., Hartford, Conn..

435

Reid, Dr. Helen Dwight, associate in international education for the

American Association of University Women and consultant to the

United States delegation at the San Francisco Conference

444

Smart, Miss Elizabeth A., representing the National Woman's

Christian Temperance Union, Washington, D. C.-

560

404

Stephens, Royal C., Netcong, N. J.

411

Stettinius, Hon. Edward R., Jr., personal representative of the

President of the United States..

33

Strauss, Miss Anna Lord, president of the National League of Women

Voters, Washington, D. C.

41€

Thomas, Norman..

584

Vernon, Miss Mabel, representing Peoples Mandate Committee for

Inter-American Peace and Cooperation, Washington, D. C..--

552

Waters, Mrs. Agnes, Washington, D. C., legislative representative of

the National Blue Star Mothers of America..

35.

Wattley, David, Washington, D. C..

590

Wax, Rabbi James A., secretary of the Commission on Justice and

Peace of the Central Conference of American Rabbis.

56

White, Hon. Compton I., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Idaho.

561

Exhibits:

American Council of Christian Churches, New York, N. Y., letter. 701

American Jewish Committee, New York, N. Y., statement-

66.

American League for a Free Palestine, letter--

69

American Legion, communications from national commander. 418, 47

American Society for the Preservation of Sacred, Patriotic, and

Operatic Music, New York, N. Y., letter.

71

Associated Organizations for International Cooperation, Baltimore,

Md., letter ---

57

Aviation League of the United States, Inc., Washington, D. C.,

letter..

70

Carr, William G., associate secretary, National Education Associa-

tion, statement

57

Catholic Association for International Peace, Washington, D. C.,

statement..

70

Chamber of Commerce of the United States, report to board of direc-
tors re stand on United Nations Charter..

67

Charter of the United Nations.---

Charter presentation address of President Truman to the Senate on

July 2, 1945.

Exhibits—Continued

Page
Commission on World Peace of the Methodist Church, letter enclosing
material to be mailed to Methodist leaders and ministers.

695
Communications received-
Favoring Charter-

418, 473–510, 578, 689–708
Opposing Charter...

555-558, 629, 709–711

Conference of Governors at Mackinac Island, resolution...

655

Crusading Mothers of Pennsylvania, open letter to the United States

Senate

629

Detroit Annual Conference of the Methodist Church, statement. 449

Excerpts from recent press comment on the United Nations Charter 656

Flynn, John T., list of wars, 1800–1941.---

618

Forrestal, Hon. James, Secretary of the Navy, letter.

313

General Federation of Women's Clubs, communications from 476, 699

Greater New York CIO Council, letter and resolution.

705

Hadassah, telegram from national president--

474

Hart, Merwin K., president of National Economic Council, Inc.,

New York, N. Y., statement.

666

Hull, Hon. Cordell, former Secretary of State:

Statement.

223

Telegram to Hon. Edward R. Stettinius, Jr.

223

Independent Citizens' Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and Profes-

sions, Inc., New York, N. Y., letter and resolution.

473

Indiana Federated Clubs, telegram.

475

International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, San Fran-

cisco, Calif., letter enclosing statement of policy--

706

Iowa Federation of Women's Clubs, telegram.-

475

Johnson, Clifford R., letter to delegation of San Francisco Conference,

entitled "A Revolutionary Idea for Peace for San Francisco". 672
Kannee, Henry M., letter and statement entitled “A People's Right
to Vitalize the United Nations Charter",

679

Kenny, Robert W., president of the National Lawyers Guild, state-

ment...

704

Letter of transmittal of President Truman, dated July 2, 1945-

2
Letter of transmittal of Secretary of State Stettinius, dated June 26,
1945.

3
Liberal Party of New York State, statement-

701
Maines, George H., founder, Blue Star Mothers of America, letters
re testimony of Mrs. Agnes Waters..

688

Murray, Philip, president, Congress of Industrial Organizations,

Washington, D. C., statement-

575

National Association of Women Lawyers, letter and resolution.

706

National Blue Star Mothers and Women of Pennsylvania, open letter

to the United States Senate..

629

National Board of the Young Womens Christian Associations of the

United States of America, letter.

694

National Congress of Parents and Teachers, telegram.

474
National Council of Farmer Cooperatives, Washington, D. C., tele-
gram and statement..

676

National Council of Jewish Women, Inc., New York, N. Y.:

Letter..

477

Statement.

665

National Council of Women of the United States, New York, N. Y.,

statement.

664

National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs,

Inc., New York, N. Y., telegram and statement-

675

National Grange, statement.-

704

National League of Women Voters, brief entitled "Fifty Nations
Agree-The United Nations Charter".

420

National Maritime Union, New York, N. Y., telegram.

474

New Jersey State Federation of Women's Clubs, telegram.

475

Owen, Hon. Robert L., exbibits re global alphabet.-

540

Oxnam, Bishop G. Bromley, president, Federal Council of the Churches

of Christ in America, statement.

450

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Exhibits-Continued

Report to the President on the Results of the San Francisco Conference

by the chairman of the United States delegation, the Secretary of

State, June 26, 1945.-

To the President of the United States-letter from the chairman

of the United States delegation summarizing the report..

Introduction..

United States preparation for the Conference

Dumbarton Oaks conversations

The United States delegation and consultants at San Fran-

cisco.

Name

Preamble

Purposes and principles of the organization (ch. I).

Purposes

Principles

Membership (ch. II) -

Original members and admission of new members.

Withdrawal..

Expulsion and suspension..

Organs (ch. III)---

Establishment of organs.

Equality for men and women.

The General Assembly (ch. IV)-

The functions and powers of the General Assembly ---

Peaceful adjustment of situations likely.to impair the general

welfare..

Representation and voting-

The relation of the General Assembly to the other principal

organs

Relationship of the General Assembly to the Security

Council...

Relationship of the General Assembly to the Economic

and Social Council...

The position of the General Assembly within the organi-

zation.

The Security Council (ch. V).

Introduction..

Purpose of the Security Council.

The special position of the Great Powers in the Council.

Permanent members.-

Nonpermanent members.

Participation of nonmembers of Security Council.

Election of nonpermanent members.-

Voting in the Security Council..

The Security Council's primary responsibility for mainte-

nance of international peace and security.-

The binding effect of decisions of the Security Council.

Conclusion..

Pacific settlement of disputes (ch. VI)

Introduction.

Dumbarton Oaks proposals -

Changes at San Francisco.

Significance of the chapter..

Action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the peace;

and acts of aggression (ch. VII)-

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Introduction...

Challenges to the peace.

Acts of aggression.

Provisional measures

The concentrated authority of the Council.

"No taxation without representation",

Provision of armed forces

Agreements with Security Council

Air force contingents--

Military staff committee..

Obligations and rights of members.

Conclusion --

87

87

89

90

90

91

92

92

9.

95

112
112
113
115

Exhibits—Continued

Report to the President on the Results of the San Francisco Conference

-Continued

Regional arrangements (ch. VIII).

Introduction..

The Dumbarton Oaks proposals.

Amendments approved at San Francisco.

Amendments proposed.

Amendments approved.

Regional arrangements and pacific settlement.

Regional arrangements and mutual assistance pacts.--

Regional arrangements and defense..

International economic and social cooperation, economic and

social council (chs. IX and X)---

Introduction..

Purpose and undertakings

The nations pledge themselves -

Functions and powers-

Composition and voting-

Commissions of the Economic and Social Council.

Relations of the Economic and Social Council..

Agreements' with specialized agencies (intergovern-

mental).

The place of nongovernmental organizations -

Declarations for the record,

Looking to the future.

Dependent territories and arrangements for trusteeship (chs.

ŠI-XIII).

The problem

Background of United States policy

Agreement reached at Yalta.

Approval of United States policy by Presidents Roosevelt

and Truman..

Guiding principles for the United States delegation.-

Agreement by United Nations reached at San Francisco

Principles applying to all non-self-governing territories (arts.

73 and 74).

The international trusteeship system (arts. 75-91).

The trusteeship system compared with the mandates system.

Summary

The International Court of Justice (ch. XIV)

Introduction

The Dumbarton Oaks proposals.

The Committee of Jurists.

The Charter.

Old court or new

Other articles of the Charter.

The statute --

Nomination and election of judges

Compulsory jurisdiction

Organization of the Court.

Parties before the Court...

Amendments to the statute.

Conclusion

The Secretariat (ch. XV)

The Secretary-General.

Deputy Secretaries-General

The international position of the Secretariat

Miscellaneous provisions (ch. XVI)

Registration of treaties.

Inconsistent obligations-

Legal capacity --

Privileges and immunities.

Transitional security arrangements (ch. XVII)

Introduction

Filling the gap-

The Charter and the enemy states..

Conclusion..

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Exhibits-Continued

Report to the President on the Results of the San Francisco Conference

-Continued

Page

Amendments (ch. XVIII) -

140

Views of the other nations on the general conference

142

Amendments and the veto..

143

Amendments and withdrawal.

144

Ratification and signature (ch. XIX)

144

The Preparatory Commission of the United Nations..

146

Appendix A:

Charter of the United Nations—Dumbarton Oaks proposals

(parallel texts) --

148, 149

Key to comparison of Dumbarton Oaks Proposals and the

Charter of the United Nations-

184

Appendix B: Statute of the International Court of Justice (text)-- 186

Appendix C: Interim arrangements concluded by the govern-

ments represented at the United Nations Conference on Inter-

national Organization (text) --

195

Appendix D:

The United Nations Conference on International Organiza-

tion

197

List of delegations.

197

United States delegation.

197

Appendix E: Organization chart-

206

Stand taken by various organizations concerning the United Nations

Charter as shown in the hearings of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, July 9–15, 1945-

712

State Department press release No. 25, dated May 15, re the Act of

Chapultepec

306

State Department press release No. 201, dated March 5, 1945, re

invitations to San Francisco Conference.

211

State Department press release No. 264, dated March 24, 1945, re

proposed voting procedure in the Security Council.---

212

Statement by the delegations of the four sponsoring governments on

voting procedure in the Security Council.

213

Statute of the International Court of Justice-

201

Stimson, Hon. Henry L., Secretary of War, letter -

313

Tennessee Congress of Parents and Teachers, Inc., Nashville, Tenn.,

letter..

7051

United Nations Council of Philadelphia, telegram.

476

Vanderhoof, Frank E., Washington, D. C., a 13-point peace plan to

eliminate future wars after victory--

676

Van Hyning, Lyel Clark, president, We the Mothers Mobilize for

America, Inc., Chicago, Ill., statement.-

684

War Resisters League, New York, N. Y., telegram and statement en-

titled “The San Francisco Charter".

686

Washington Council of Church Women, Washington, D. C., letter - 708

Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace, state-

ment.

Index.

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