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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS FOR THE
MAINTENANCE OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND
SECURITY, SUBMITTED BY THE PRESIDENT
OF THE UNITED STATES ON JULY 2, 1945

[REVISED
JULY 9, 10, 11, 12, AND 13, 1945

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

TOM CONNALLY, Texas, Chairman WALTER F. GEORGE, Georgia

HIRAM W.JOHNSON, California ROBERT F. WAGNER, New York

ARTHUR CAPPER, Kansas ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana

ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG, Michigan CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida

WALLACE H. WHITE, JR., Maine THEODORE FRANCIS GREEN, Rhode Island HENRIK SHIPSTEAD, Minnesota ALBEN W. BARKLEY, Kentucky

WARREN R. AUSTIN, Vermont JOSEPH F. GUFFEY, Pennsylvania

STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire
CARTER GLASS, Virginia

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin
JAMES M. TUNNELL, Delaware
CARL A. HATCH, New Mexico
LISTER HILL, Alabama
SCOTT W. LUCAS, Illinois

ROBERT V. SHIRLEY, Clerk
MARION N. HUFF, Assistant Clerk
EMMETT M. O'GRADY, Assistant Clerk

II

CONTENTS

Page
630

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Statement of-

Adams, Mrs. Marshall, Washington, D. C.

Andrews, Hon. Charles O., a United States Senator from the State of

Florida.

Baesler, Mrs. Ruth Ann, Evanston, Ill.

Baldwin, Mrs. Catherine P., New York, N. Y...

Barney, Mrs. Nora Stanton, representing Committee to Win World

Peace Through a People's Parliament

Bell, Ulric, executive vice president, Americans United for World Or-

ganization.----

-------

Benge, Mrs. L., Mothers of Sons Forum, Cincinnati, Ohio..

Broy, Mrs. Cécil Norton, Arlington, Va., representing Americans

United, Inc.---

Cafferatta, Mrs. Florence, representing Catholic Mothers and Daugh-

ters of America.---

-----

Carr, Dr. William G., associate secretary, National Education Associa-

tion; secretary, Educational Policies Commission, Washington, D. C.

Cherne, Leo M., executive secretary, Research Institute of America,

and member of the board of directors of Americans United for World

Organization.--------

Claggett, Mrs. Brice, representing Mrs. La Fell Dickinson, president,

General Federation of Women's Clubs..

Cockrell, Ewing, president, United States Federation of Justice ----

Colligan, Mrs. George P., Pittsburgh, Pa---

Cooke, Morris Llewellyn, representing Independent Citizens' Com-

mittee of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions..

Cotton, Rev. J. Paul, Ph. D., Cleveland, Ohio.

Culbertson, Ely, New York, N. Y., representing Fight for Total Peace,

Inc.---

mamman

Danielson, John, Morehead City, N. C.

Darrin, David, United Nations of Earth Association..

DuBois, W. E. B., representing the National Association for the Ad-

vancement of Colored People...
Dulles, John Foster, New York, N. Y..-.
Eichelberger, Clark M., director, American Association for the United

Nations, Inc., New York, N. Y.--
Flynn, John T., economist and journalist, New York, N. Y.------

Gerken, Hubert J., Vienna, Va ----

Green, William, president, American Federation of Labor, Washington,

D. C.-------------

Griesel, Mrs. Florence Hoban, Chicago, Ill.

Hackworth, Green H., legal adviser, Department of State --

Hartley Livingston, Washington, Þ. C., director, Washington office

of the American Association for the United Nations..

Jackson, Arthur Charles, Washington, D. C.---

Jennings, E. P., New York, N. Y...

Johnson, Mrs. Helene, Chicago, Ill., associate chairman, Citizens'

Forum, Third Congressional District, Illinois, and representative of

Women's League for Political Education.-------------

Johnson, Mrs. Thomasina W., legislative representative, National

Nonpartisan Council on Public Affairs of the Alpha Kappa Alpha

Sorority -----

-------

Johnston, Mrs. Elise French, New York, N. Y..

Keefe, Miss Cecile, secretary of the Catholic Mothers and Daughters

of America, Chicago, Ill. ------

Keefe, Mrs. Ġrace, national secretary, Women's League for Political

Education.---

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Statement of-Continued

Page

Krimm, Ray, executive director of the United Nations council at

Philadelphia, and associate consultant of the United States delega-

tion at the San Francisco Conference, representing Americans

United for World Organization.--.

Libby, Frederick J., executive secretary, National Council for Preven-

tion of War ----------
Lilienthal, Alfred M.--

589
Lohle, Miss Irene, Pittsburgh, Pa.--

601
Lohle, Mrs. Marie, Pittsburgh, Pa.--

604
Michelet, Paul D., Washington, D. C.

413
Miller, Martin H., national legislative representative, Brotherhood of
Railroad Trainmen...

598
Mote, Carl H., Indianapolis, Ind..

Mowrer, Mrs. Lillian Î., chairman, District of Columbia Chapter,

Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace ----- 565

Oliver, Judge L. Stauffer, chairman of the board of United Nations

Council of Philadelphia --

532

O'Neal, Edward A., president, American Farm Bureau Federation,
submitted by W. R. Ogg-----

591

Owen, Hon. Robert L., former United States Senator from the State of

Oklahoma. ---

534

Pasvolsky, Leo, Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Inter-

national Organization and Security Atfairs.---------- 224, 237, 281, 321
Reardon, Thomas J., Hartford, Conn.-----

435
Reid, Dr. Helen Dwight, associate in international education for the

American Association of University Women and consultant to the

United States delegation at the San Francisco Conference ---- 444

Smart, Miss Elizabeth A., representing the National Woman's

Christian Temperance Union, Washington, D. C.------

560

Somers, Mrs. Helen V..

404

Stephens, Royal C., Netcong, N. J..

411

Stettinius, Hon. Edward R., Jr., personal representative of the

President of the United States---

33

Strauss, Miss Anna Lord, president of the National League of Women

Voters, Washington, D. C.----

-----------

41€

Thomas, Norman.-----

Vernon, Miss Mabel, representing Peoples Mandate Committee for

Inter-American Peace and Cooperation, Washington, D. C.--- 55€

Waters, Mrs. Agnes, Washington, D. C., legislative representative of

the National Blue Star Mothers of America ---

35.

Wattley, David, Washington, D. C..

596

Wax, Rabbi James A., secretary of the Commission on Justice and

Peace of the Central Conference of American Rabbis..

56

White, Hon. Compton I., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Idaho.---

------

Exhibits:

American Council of Christian Churches, New York, N. Y., letter.- 701
American Jewish Committee, New York, N. Y., statement ...

66
American League for a Free Palestine, letter....

69
American Legion, communications from national commander ----- 418, 47
American Society for the Preservation of Sacred, Patriotic, and

Operatic Music, New York, N. Y., letter..
Associated Organizations for International Cooperation, Baltimore,

Md., letter----
Aviation League of the United States, Inc., Washington, D. C.,

letter. -----------------------------------------------------
Carr, William G., associate secretary, National Education Associa-

tion, statement.--
Catholic Association for International Peace, Washington, D. C.,

statement.------
Chamber of Commerce of the United States, report to board of direc-
tors re stand on United Nations Charter...

-----------

Charter of the United Nations..

Charter presentation address of President Truman to the Senate on

July 2, 1945.-..

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Exhibits—Continued

Page

Commission on World Peace of the Methodist Church, letter enclosing
material to be mailed to Methodist leaders and ministers --

695
Communications received-
Favoring Charter------

-------- 418, 473-510, 578, 689–708
Opposing Charter.-----

------- 555-558, 629, 709–711
Conference of Governors at Mackinac Island, resolution.

655

Crusading Mothers of Pennsylvania, open letter to the United States

Senate...

629

Detroit Annual Conference of the Methodist Church, statement.- 449

Excerpts from recent press comment on the United Nations Charter - 656

Flynn, John T., list of wars, 1800–1941.-----

618
Forrestal, Hon. James, Secretary of the Navy, letter -

313
General Federation of Women's Clubs, communications from.---- 476, 699
Greater New York CIO Council, letter and resolution ----
Hadassah, telegram from national president --

474

Hart, Merwin K., president of National Economic Council, Inc.,

New York, N. Y., statement.----

666

Hull, Hon. Cordell, former Secretary of State:

Statement.--

223

Telegram to Hon. Edward R. Stettinius, Jr.---

223
Independent Citizens' Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and Profes-
sions, Inc., New York, N. Y., letter and resolution..

473
Indiana Federated Clubs, telegram.-----------

475
International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, San Fran-

cisco, Calif., letter enclosing statement of policy.-------
Iowa Federation of Women's Clubs, telegram.--.

475

Johnson, Clifford R., letter to delegation of San Francisco Conference,

entitled "A Revolutionary Idea for Peace for San Francisco".--- 672

Kannee, Henry M., letter and statement entitled “A People's Right

to Vitalize the United Nations Charter”.--

Kenny, Robert W., president of the National Lawyers Guild, state-

ment.-----

Letter of transmittal of President Truman, dated July 2, 1945.---

Letter of transmittal of Secretary of State Stettinius, dated June 26,

1945------

Liberal Party of New York State, statement.--

Maines, George H., founder, Blue Star Mothers of America, letters

re testimony of Mrs. Agnes Waters

Murray, Philip, president, Congress of Industrial Organizations,

Washington, D. C., statement.--

575

National Association of Women Lawyers, letter and resolution.--. 706

National Blue Star Mothers and Women of Pennsylvania, open letter

to the United States Senate -----

629

National Board of the Young Womens Christian Associations of the

United States of America, letter...

694

National Congress of Parents and Teachers, telegram.--

474
National Council of Farmer Cooperatives, Washington, D. C., tele-
gram and statement.---

676

National Council of Jewish Women, Inc., New York, N. Y.:

Letter----

477

Statement.--

665

National Council of Women of the United States, New York, N. Y.,

statement.---.

664

National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs,

Inc., New York, N. Y., telegram and statement.------

675

National Grange, statement.----

National League of Women Voters, brief entitled "Fifty Nations
Agree- The United Nations Charter"..---.

420
National Maritime Union, New York, N. Y., telegram...

474
New Jersey State Federation of Women's Clubs, telegram.-

475

Owen, Hon. Robert L., exbibits re global alphabet----

Oxnam, Bishop G. Bromley, president, Federal Council of the Churches

of Christ in America, statement.------

450

Letter--

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