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TABLE NO. 1.- (REVISED AUGUST 1)—DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATION BILL, FISCAL YEAR 1972-Continued

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Title 1--Military personnel:

Military personnel, Army.
Military personnel, Navy.
Military personnel, Marine Corps.
Military personnel, Air Force
Reserve personnel, Army..
Reserve personnel, Navy.
Reserve personnel, Marine Corps.
Reserve personnel, Air Force
National Guard person, Army
National Guard personnel, Air Force.

Total, title I, military personnel.

$7,842, 450,000
4,368, 600,000
1, 426,700,000
5,988, 350,000

334, 750,000
142, 100, 000
52, 050, 000
85, 200,000
387, 100, 000

107,500,000
20, 734, 800.000

3, 194,000,000

$660,000,000 $8,502, 450,000 $7,097,530, 000 342, 947, 000 4,711, 547,000 4,347,900,000

41, 908,000 1,468, 608, 000 1, 270, 200,000
515, 785, 000 6,504, 135, 0006, 176,000,000
25, 850,000 360, 600,000 364, 900,000
13, 883, 000 155, 983, 000 172, 400,000
4, 350,000 56, 400,000 54, 300,000
7,750,000 92,950,000 96, 400,000
39, 484,000 426, 584,000 457, 200,000

11, 100, 000 118, 600, 000 126, 800, 000
1, 663, 057, 000 22, 397, 857, 000 20, 163, 630,000

197, 032, 000 3, 391, 032, 000 3,744,000,000

$385, 607,000 246, 211, 000

73, 610,000
345, 413, 000
21, 239,000
10, 611, 000
3, 148, 000
5, 356, 000
29, 244, 000
7,900,000

$7, 483, 137,000 4, 594, 111,000 1, 343, 810, 000 6,521, 413,000

386, 139, 000 183, 011, 000

57, 448,000
101, 756, 000
486, 444, 000

134, 700,000
21, 291, 969,000
3,777, 134,000

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Title II --Retired pay, Defense

TABLE NO. 1.-(REVISED AUGUST 1)—DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATION BILL, FISCAL YEAR 1972–Continued

By Organizational Components

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Defense and defense agencies:

Operation and maintenance.
Claims
Contingencies
Court of Military Appeals.
Procurement..
Research, development, test, and evaluation
Emergency fund..
Combat readiness, South Vietnamese forces.
Special foreign currency program.

Total, Defense.
Retired military personnel-Retired pay.

Total, Department of Defense appropriations bill.

$1,125, 750,000

39,000,000
5,000,000

780,000
38, 910,000
443, 600,000

50,000,000
300,000,000

2,621,000
2,005, 661,000
3, 194,000,000
66, 598, 937,000

2, 443,000

$77, 457,000 $1,203, 207, 000 $1,195,500,000

39, 000, 000 39, 000, 000

5,000,000 5, 000, 000
37,000
817,000

831, 000
38, 910, 000 66, 559, 000
964, 000 444, 564, 000 497,000,000

50, 000, 000 50,000,000
300,000,000

2,621, 000 12, 300,000
78, 458,000 2,084, 119,000 1,866, 190,000

197,032, 000 3, 391, 032, 000 3,744,000,000
2, 647,764,000 69, 246, 701, 000 71, 648, 236, 000

$1, 244, 419, 000

39,000,000
5, 000, 000

869, 000
66, 559, 000
499, 443, 000

50,000,000

12,300,000
1,917, 590, 000
3, 777, 134, 000
73, 360, 259, 000

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By Functional Titles

Title 1-Military personnel:

Military personnel, Army.
Military personnel, Navy...
Military personnel, Marine Corps.
Military personnel, Air Force
Reserve personnel, Army.
Reserve personnel, Navy -
Reserve personnel, Marine Corps
Reserve personnel, Air Force
National Guard person !, Army
National Guard personnel, Air Force

Total, title I, military personnel
Title II --Retired pay. Defense

$7,842, 450,000
4, 368, 600,000
1. 426,700,000
5, 988, 350, 000

334, 750,000
142, 100, 000
52, 050, 000
85,200,000
387, 100, 000

107, 500, 000
20, 734, 800,000

3, 194, 000, 000

$660,000,000 $8, 502, 450, 000 $7,097, 530, 000
342, 947, 000 4,711, 547, 000 4,347, 900, 000

41, 908, 000 1, 468, 608, 000 1.270, 200,000
515, 785, 000 6. 504, 135, 000 6, 176, 000, 000
25, 850, 000 360, 600, 000 364, 900, 000
13, 883, 000 155, 983, 000 172, 400, 000

4, 350, 000 56, 400, 000 54,300,000
7, 750 000 92, 950, 000 96, 400, 000
39, 484, 000 426, 584, 000 457, 200, 000

11, 100, 000 118, 600, 000 126, 800, 000
1. 663, 057, 000 22, 397. 857, 000 20, 163, 630, 000

197, 032, 000 3, 391, 032, 000 3, 744, 000, 000

$385, 607, 000
246, 211, 000

73, 610, 000
345, 413, 000
21, 239, 000
10, 611, 000
3, 148, 000

5. 356, 000
29, 244, 000

7, 900, 000
1, 128, 339,000

33, 134, 000

$7, 483, 137, 000
4, 594, 111, 000
1, 343, 810, 000
6, 521, 413, 000

386, 139, 000
183, 011, 000

57, 448, 000
101, 756, 000
486, 444, 000

134, 700, 000
21, 291, 969, 000
3, 777, 134, 000

94,000,00

2,390.66

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252, 319,000 $6, 521, 006, 000 6, 734, 100, 000
206, 208, 000 4, 935, 618, 000 4,977, 000, 000

2, 525, 000 405, 268, 000 360, 200, 000
185, 438, 000 6, 342, 574, 000 6, 211, 000, 000
77, 457. 0001, 203, 207, 000 1.195,500,000
23, 865, 000 311, 265, 000 358, 100, 000
14,437, 000 358, 037, 000 389, 300,000
2,000
102, 000

102, 000
39,000,000 39,000,000

5, 000, 000 5, 000, 000
37,000
817, 000

831, 000 762, 288, 000 20, 121, 894, 000 20, 270, 133, 000

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762, 288, 000

32, 138, 000

$1,000,000

405, 000

Title 1-Operation and maintenance:
Operation and maintenance, Army

6, 268, 687.000
Operation and maintenance, Navy.

4,729, 410, 000
Operation and maintenance, Marine Corps.

402, 743, 000
Operation and maintenance, Air Force...

6, 157, 136, 000
Operation and maintenance, Defense agencies.

1, 125, 750, 000 Operation and maintenance, Army National Guard.

287, 400, 000
Operation and maintenance, Air National Guard

343, 600, 000
National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice,
Army

100, 000
Claims, Defense.

39,000,000
Contingencies, Defense

5, 000, 000
Court of Military Appeals, Defense.

780, 000
Total, title III, operation and maintenance.

19, 359, 606, 000
Title IV-Procurement:

Procurement of equipment and missiles, Army. 2, 908, 500,000
Procurement of aircraft and missiles, Navy.

3, 017, 900, 000
Shipbuilding and conversion, Navy..

2,465, 400,000
Other procurement, Navy...

1, 487, 300,000
Procurement, Marine Corps..

175, 900,000
Aircraft procurement, Air Force.

3, 219, 300,000
Missile procurement, Air Force.

1,377, 200,000 Other procurement, Air Force..

1, 338, 700,000 Procurement, Defense agencies.

38, 910,000 Total, title IV, procurement.

16, 029, 110,000
Title V-Research, development, test, and evaluation:

Research, development, test, and evaluation, Army. 1, 600, 200, 000
Research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy. 12, 140, 900, 000
Research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force. 2, 744, 100, 000
Research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense
agencies.

443,600,000
Emergency fund, Defense.

50,000,000
Total, title IV, research, development, test, and
evaluation

6, 978, 800,000

2, 908, 500,000 3, 719, 400, 000
3, 017, 900, 000 4,069, 100, 000
2, 465, 400, 000 3,328, 900, 000
1, 487, 300,000 1,794, 698, 000

175, 900, 000 128, 700, 000
3, 219, 300,000 2,897, 500, 000
1, 377, 200,000 1,944, 400, 000
1, 338, 700,000 1,620, 816, 000

38, 910, 000 66, 559, 000
16, 029, 110,000 19, 570, 073, 000

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219,000,000 -107, 000, 000

3, 719, 400,000
4, 069, 100, 000
3, 327, 900, 000
1, 795, 103, 000

128, 700, 000
3, 116, 500,000
1, 837, 400, 000
1, 620, 998, 000

66, 559, 000
19, 681, 660, 000

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111,000,000

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300,000,000

300,000,000
2,621, 000

2,621, 000 12, 300,000 66, 598, 937,000 2,647, 764,000 69, 246, 701, 000 71,648, 236, 000

Title VII-Special foreign currency program.

Total, Department of Defense appropriations bill.

12,300,000 73, 360, 259,000

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1 Includes $3,000,000 additional for the Navy's surface effect ship program included in the Supplemental Appropriation Act 1971.

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ADVANCE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Chairman ELLENDER. As has been the past custom and in the interest of saving time, I have asked the staff to prepare pertinent questions related to the budget and to submit them to the Department of Defense for proper response. Senator Young has also submitted similar questions for reply by the Department. These questions and answers will be found in the record at appropriate places.

PRESENTATION FORMAT

Mr. Secretary, I note that your statement includes 258 pages. I assume you will submit the entire statement for the record and highlight it for the committee. However, I think it would be desirable if you would read your requests dealing with the Safeguard ABM system and our commitments to NATO.

Admiral Moorer, you briefed the subcommittee on the military situation in Southeast Asia on March 2. However, I wish you would take a few minutes today to bring us up-to-date, especially on the current operations in Laos and Cambodia.

AUTHORIZATION LEGISLATION AND EARLY ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATION

BILL

Mr. Secretary, I want to assure you that the members of this sub committee are aware of the problems caused by the late enactment o this bill during the last fiscal year. I am hopeful that we will be able ta have the authorizations enacted as soon as possible, because last year as I recall, a good deal of the delay was caused by delay in the au thorization bills.

This year I hope we shall all be able to work together in both thi authorization stage and the appropriation procedure in order to pro vide the funds much earlier. That is my hope. As soon as we receiv a bill from the House of Representatives, I can assure you that thi committee will conclude its deliberations and report this bill to th Senate. I would even hope to have it within a few weeks after we re ceive it from the House.

That is about the best we can do. I can assure you that we will d our best to have it enacted at the earliest opportunity.

REPROGRAMING PROCEDURES

Secretary LAIRD. Mr. Chairman, that is the best news we have ha for a long time. This is most important for proper management o the Department of Defense. I realize the difficulties that were encour tered in the last session of Congress. But, as you know, we did no get our appropriations until the 11th day of January. With the Cor gress not coming back into session until the latter part of January this has caused certain problems as far as our reprograming proce dures are concerned.

There has been less reprograming so far in the current fiscal yea than there was in the last fiscal year. We were unable, because of th lateness in the authorization and the appropriation process to subm

Secretary LAIRD. Mr. Chairman, we would be delighted to have that opportunity. We can start out today with a briefing on that, and Admiral Moorer and I are prepared to give such a briefing should

Chairman ELLENDER. Suppose you proceed that way and give us
Secretary LAIRD. Admiral Moorer, why don't you use the charts

many of these reprogramings until mid-January. But if we can have ADVANCE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

our bill earlier, if we can manage our programs based on appropria

tions provided prior to the start of the fiscal year, we can do a better Chairman ELLENDER. As has been the past custom and in the interest

job not only for the Department of Defense, but we can do a better of saving time, I have asked the staff to prepare pertinent questions

job for our country. related to the budget and to submit them to the Department of Defense

Chairman ELLENDER. As I said, we will bend every effort to have for proper response. Senator Young has also submitted similar ques

:

this bill enacted in the latter part of July or early August assuming tions for reply by the Department. These questions and answers will

a timely enactment of the authorization bill. That is about the best be found in the record at appropriate places.

we can do. By the time the House sends it to us, as I said, we should

have all of these hearings behind us, and I would judge that in not PRESENTATION FORMAT

more than 2 or 212 weeks we would have the bill in conference. Mr. Secretary, I note that your statement includes 258 pages. I as

SOUTHEAST ASIA PRESENTATION BY ADMIRAL MOORER sume you will submit the entire statement for the record and highlight it for the committee. However, I think it would be desirable if you

Senator Symington. Mr. Chairman, I have to leave. Can I say a

word? would read your requests dealing with the Safeguard ABM system

Chairman ELLENDER. Yes, sir. and our commitments to NATO. Admiral Moorer, you briefed the subcommittee on the military situa

Senator SYMIngton. First, I am very much impressed with the way tion in Southeast Asia on March 2. However, I wish you would take

Admiral Moorer gave the briefing. For the first time since Admiral
Radcliff

, we see not only what we have but also what it is estimated a few minutes today to bring us up-to-date, especially on the current

the
enemy

has. operations in Laos and Cambodia.

This seems very important when we look at the requests for funds for additional defense items. I must now go to Armed Services and I hope to get back. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Chairman ELLENDER. I read Admiral Moorer's statement as well as yours. Mr. Secretary. It is all based on what you think are the Russian capabilities. You may proceed.

WAR ACTION IN LAOS, NORTH VIETNAM AND SOUTH VIETNAM Senator Young. Mr. Chairman, I am wondering if we couldn't have a short briefing on what is going on in Laos and in North and South Vietnam. All we hear on the television and read in the newspapers deals with withdrawal. I wonder if we could have that briefing now.

Mr. Chairman, I will not be able to attend the meeting this aftersoon to hear the Secretary and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. I have arranged for a meeting of a delegation on model cities this afternoon, so I will not be able to be here. Senator Symington. I was wondering if that was going to happen this morning. That was the reason I came over here. If we could take a couple of minutes to do it, if the Chair would approve, I hope we Frould

. It is serious indeed when you hear on the news that American troops have refused to obey the orders of their commanders.

you have.

AUTHORIZATION LEGISLATION AND EARLY ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATION

BILL

Mr. Secretary, I want to assure you that the members of this subcommittee are aware of the problems caused by the late enactment of this bill during the last fiscal year. I am hopeful that we will be able to have the authorizations enacted as soon as possible, because last year

, as I recall, a good deal of the delay was caused by delay in the authorization bills.

This year I hope we shall all be able to work together in both the authorization stage and the appropriation procedure in order to provide the funds much earlier. That is my hope

. As soon as ve receive a bill from the House of Representatives

, I can assure you that this committee will conclude its deliberations and report this bill to the Senate. I would even hope to have it within a few weeks after we receive it from the House.

That is about the best we can do. I can assure you that we will do our best to have it enacted at the earliest opportunity.

REPROGRAMING PROCEDURES

this committee desire.

Secretary Laird. Mr. Chairman, that is the best news we have had for a long time. This is most important for proper management

of the Department of Defense. I realize the difficulties that were encountered in the last session of Congress. But, as you know, we did nat get our appropriations until the 11th day of January. With the Congress not coming back into session until the latter part of January. this has caused certain problems as far as our reprograming prowedures are concerned.

There has been less reprograming so far in the current fiscal year than there was in the last fiscal year. We were unable, because of the lateness in the

authorization and the appropriation process to submit

the highlights.

that

Chairman ELLENDER. Do you want this presentation off the record ?
Secretary LAIRD. No, it will be on the record.
Admiral MOORER. Anyway you would like it.

Secretary LAIRD. This will be on the classified record, and we will release as much of it as we can, of course.

Chairman ELLENDER. Admiral, you may proceed.

OPERATION IN LAOS : LAMSON 719

Admiral MOORER. Mr. Chairman, as you know, sir, there are two operations taking place today associated with the overall effort to disrupt the supplies and disrupt the overall capabilities of the North Vietnamese. Now, most of what you have seen in the press has concerned the operation in Laos, what we call Lamson 719. This operation, started 6 weeks ago on February 8, was designed primarily to disrupt the flow of supplies through this area (indicating). This is the “key portion of the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

INTERDICTION OF FLOW OF SUPPLIES The operation was part and parcel of an overall effort since the beginning of the dry season to interdict the flow of VC and NVA supplies coming into South Vietnam from the three passes up in the North [indicating] down into Laos, where they feed into various routes going to South Vietnam.

The operation did proceed as far west as Tchepone. The tactics of the operation required the establishment of landing zones and fire support bases on both sides of Highway 9 [indicating], which run: all the way down from Danang to Thailand.

From these landing zones and fire support bases, the South Viet namese were able to spread out, sweep the area, disrupt the NVA supply lines, and destroy those supplies which they were able to find

NORTH VIETNAM VIOLENT REACTION : TROOP AND EQUIPMENT INCREASE

At the beginning of the operation the North Vietnamese had 13,00 combat troops plus a very sarge number of support forces; namely those that actually transport materials down through this area.

When the operations was initiated, the North Vietnamese reacte violently. They put in a total of 11 regiments, about 33 battalions they brought in some artillery and used tanks quite extensively fo the first time. As a matter of fact, they have a total, I believe, of abov [deleted] tanks and they brought over 100 into this general are despite the fact that it is quite hilly.

B-52 TACTICAL AIRCRAFT AND HELIGUNSHIPS ATTACK ON CONCENTRATION

It is quite mountainous and it is most difficult to maneuver tank there in the accepted sense. Since February 8, then, we have seen concentration of North Vietnamese troops in the area, and therefor the South Vietnamese have been able to use the concept of forcin the North Vietnamese to mass and then calling in air, B-52's, tactica air, and heligunships, to work on these concentrations of Nort Vietnamese.

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