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Mr. SOMPAYRAC. The overseas allowances are recruitment and retention allowances. By law and by regulation they are not payable to people who are ordinarily resident in the area. They are also not payable to a person who may be drawing a quarters allowance from some other source in the Government. For dependents of military and civilian personnel, their sponsor is receiving the family quarters allowance, so the local people do not receive it. Chairman ELLENDER. Your answer is no? Mr. SOMPAYRAC. There are some people in the area who are not dependents.


Senator Young. Do you have a breakdown by country of the number of teachers and administrative personnel?

Dr. Benson. We can readily get you one, Senator, We would be happy to do that. Chairman ELLENDER. Also include the number of pupils. Dr. BENSON. Yes. (The information follows:)


YEAR 1971 (ESTIMATED MAR. 31, 1971)

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Senator Young. If we are going to cut the budget, we will have to look for the best way to cut it. One way to do it is to cut personnel, because that makes up nearly $45 billion of the total budget. Judging from this, there isn't any plan to cut the personnel very much. I agree with the chairman that Germany is one place where we could and should cut. It is one of the more desirable places to cut military spending.

Dr. BENSON. May I suggest that as long as the students are there, we need the money to provide for their education.



Chairman ELLENDER. To what extend do you permit students from the American Embassy to attend these schools?

Dr. Benson. We would take them in automatically wherever they


Dr. CARDINALE. We have a priority for admission to our schools

. Naturally, the first priority goes to military and civilian dependents of the military departments who are stationed there. Then, also on the space required basis, we will take the children of other Federal agencies including the State Department, USIA, Public Health Service who may be in the area. We will take them on a space required basis.

REIMBURSEMENT OF PUPIL Cost Chairman ELLENDER. Do they pay any tuition? Dr. CARDINALE. They reimburse us for the actual cost of education. Chairman ELLENDER. On what basis do you charge them?

Dr. CARDINALE. It is based on the pupil cost of the operation of the schools in that geographical area.

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Chairman ELLENDER. To what extent do you permit foreigners to enter your schools!

Dr. CARDINALE. The foreigners are in the very last category of our eligibility criteria. We will take them only if space is available in the school and it is not in conflict with any laws or regulations between the U.S. forces and the local country.

Chairman ELLENDER. At what cost?
Dr. CARDINALE. Exactly the same cost,


Chairman ELLENDER. I believe that in Germany alone you have 133 schools.

Dr. CARDINALE. That is correct.


EACH COUNTRY Chairman ELLENDER. When you give us an answer to Senator Young's question, include the number of teachers and the pupils that are in each country.

Dr. BENSON. Yes.


Senator YOUNG. When you are reimbursed for education costs by other agencies, does that money go into your own fund or does it go directly to the Treasury?

Dr. CARDINALE. The money collected from these tuitions go back into the appropriation supporting the dependent schools program.

Dr. BENSON. They are shown as a deduction from the total appropriations needed.

Senator Young. They do go back into your funds?
Dr. BENSON. Yes.
Senator Young. Such funds do not require reappropriation ?
Senator Young. How much money do you acquire from that source ?
Dr. BENSON. It is $6.9 million.

Chairman ELLENDER. That is a transfer from one department to another?

Dr. Benson. Yes; that is correct.


Dr. CARDINALE. In many instances these other Government employees receive a grant as a part of their basic salary, and they reimburse the local school.

Senator Young. That is shown in your statement.

Dr. CARDINALE. It is shown in the table that we gave to Mr. Woodruff.


Chairman ELLENDER. Your statement refers to the establishment of a DoD-wide testing program. Just what is the purpose of this and what areas does it cover?

Doctor Benson. We have established procedures for administering à basic testing program for the purpose of educational program guidance and determination as to the quality of the overall schooling program.

The basic testing program is the administration of mandatory tests each

year for all students, kindergarten through 11th grade. This program attempts to identify reading readiness skills at the kindergartenfirst grade levels; reading skills and aptitude for reading at the second and third grade levels; vocabulary, reading, language, workstudy, and arithmetic skills at fourth through eighth grade levels; and academic progress in social studies, composition, science, reading, mathematics, and literature in grades nine through 11. The basic testing program also requires that intelligence tests be given yearly to all fourth, seventh, nínth, and 11th grade students.

Chairman ELLENDER. What is the estimated cost of the operation of such a program?

Dr. BENSON. The estimated cost of the basic testing program for the 1970-71 school year is $152,651.81. During the fall of 1970 approximately 145,516 students out of a total enrollment of 166,297 were tested in this program. This amounts to slightly less than $1.05 per student tested.

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Chairman ELLENDER. Your statement also refers to the establishment of summer institutes for teachers and administrators in order to keep abreast of educational changes. Where are these held?

Dr. Benson. With the exception of one institute held at the Athens, Ohio, campus of the University of Ohio last summer, all institutes have been held in oversea areas on military installations, most frequently in Germany and Japan.

Chairman ELLENDER. How many teachers and how many administrators attend?

Dr. Benson. This depends upon the institute. For example, the institute to be conducted by Florida State University, in science this summer will enroll 50 science teachers. The institute conducted last summer by the University of Wisconsin in mathematics enrolled 40 junior high school teachers. The University of Georgia enrolled a total of 30 teachers, librarians, curriculum supervisors and administrators in a reading institute in the Philippines. Thus far, the majority of attendees at these institutes have been classroom teachers.

Chairman ELLENDER. How much does this cost the Federal Government?

Dr. BENSON. Overseas Summer Institutes in which the DOD overseas dependents schools participate are conducted on military installations by U.S. colleges and universities under the Education Professions Development Act administered by the U.S. Office of Education, and by the National Science Foundation. The costs vary depending upon the number of institutes, and the number of participants.

During 1971, three summer institutes will be held on oversea military installations: The University of Hawaii has received a $76,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to conduct a 6 weeks institute at Chofu, Japan, in environmental biology, physical science, geography, mathematics, geometry, and science for 75 teachers. Florida State University has received a $41,000 grant, also from the National Science Foundation, to conduct a 4 weeks institute at Munich, Germany, in intermediate science for 50 teachers, and the Bureau of Educational Personnel Development, U.S. Office of Education is presently negotiating a $100,000 grant for Adelphi University of Garden City, N.Y. to conduct a 4 weeks institute at Wiesbaden, Germany, in drug education for 60-72 teachers, 8 military personnel and 20 high school students.

Chairman ELLENDER. Please break down this expense by category of expenditure, indicating also whether teachers and administrators are paid to attend, travel expenses, and so forth.

Dr. Benson. I will be glad to do so.

DOD overseas dependents schools teachers are not paid to attend summer institutes. Administrators of dependents school programs are not anticipated to attend summer institutes during the summer of 1971. Administrators that have attended institutes relevant to their administrative duties, while in pay status, have been required to develop job related projects during the institute for implementation following the institute. They have received no stipends. Administrators attend

ing institutes are expected to be prime movers of that particular concept within their areas of administrative responsibility at school and district levels.

Expenses for three 1971 summer institutes are as follows:

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Chairman ELLENDER. Please describe your work-study program guidelines.

Dr. Benson. We provide guidance to the military departments concerning the establishment of work-study programs in DOD overseas dependents high schools consistent with the following goals:

(1) Provision of an ongoing, educational program for high school students to help them experience and understand the world of work.

(2) Development of a cooperative school-trainer relationship in the community.

(3) Establishment of competent industrial and governmental agency supervision of work-study participants in coordination with the school.

(4) Establishment of work-study opportunities for students at all levels of ability and achievement.

We define work-study as actual experience in an occupation, trade, business, or profession undertaken as part of the requirement of a

Work-study programs may be established subject to the following: A. General (1) Programs may be of three types—

(a) an in-school program for students;
(b) a program using post and base facilities;

(c) a local industries program. (2) Programs established shall contain the following basic elements:

(a) Occupations in which students are trained must be suited to their abilities and interests;

(6) The work-study program must be developmental in nature.

school course.

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