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(3) A representative advisory committee is recommended in each participating school to provide guidance and aid in the operation of the program.

(4) Each school will establish a written agreement with the participating organization which will include arrangements for: contract and training procedures, hours, wages, if any (wages may not be paid from appropriated funds), legal responsibilities, individual training outlines based on the needs and abilities of the individual student and the capability of the particular cooperating establishment.

(5) Each student, trainer (appointed by the cooperating organiza. tion), and work-study coordinator (appointed by the school) will receive a copy of the agreement.

(6) It is recommended that the school work-study coordinator, have a background of vocational and professional experience in order to coordinate the work-study program successfully.

(7) Field supervision of the work-experience of the students must be provided to:

(a) evaluate individual programs and progress;

(b) assure that the work product of the student does not become a primary objective of the training assignment and that the training is not conducted in a manner that constitutes voluntary services in violation of the prohibition against gratuitous employment;

(c) assure that the student is not placed in a position which requires or permits him to supervise in any way the work of agency or company employees;

(a) assure that the student'is not permitted to perform duties of a type which will entitle third person to rely upon his acts as being those of an agent of, and binding upon, the Government. (8) Release time for the work-study coordinator in each school may be authorized for the purpose of field supervision.

Chairman ELLENDER. What was the cost of establishing these guidelines?

Dr. Benson. This cost cannot be accurately determined as the guidelines were developed jointly by personnel in my dependents education office, and curriculum personnel in the three overseas area superintendents' offices, along with other curricular responsibilities covering a period of approximately 6 months.

Chairman ELLENDER. Was this done within your system or was it contracted for?

Dr. BENSON. It was done within the DOD Overseas Dependents School System.

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DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION EDUCATION PROGRAM Chairman ELLENDER. You mention in your statement a drug abuse prevention education program, one in elementary schools and one in high schools. What has been your experience in regard to drug abuse in your schools?

Dr. Benson. Reported incidents related to drug abuse on school property during school hours since September 1970 are 250 in the European Area, 13 in the Pacific Area, and none in the Atlantic Area.

Chairman ELLENDER. Please indicate the cost of this program broken down by major elements.

Dr. Benson. Implementation of the drug abuse prevention education program for school year 1970–71 has cost $85,472. Major elements for this program are:

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Chairman ELLENDER. You speak of “teenage counselors” working with this program. How are they chosen, what do they do, and how effective do you believe them to be?

Dr. Benson. At present two pilot programs are in operation, one in the Philippines and one in Germany. Each program consists of a high school extracurricular activity Teen Club, formed to study drug abuse problems and their prevention. The Teen Club is headed by å faculty adviser. Membership is open to the student body. Teen counselors are members of the Teen Club and have volunteered to explain and discuss drug abuse and its prevention with elementary students in their classrooms on a scheduled biweekly or monthly basis. The faculty adviser, other teachers, and the school administrators select the teen counselors from those who volunteer.

They cannot be drug abusers, must be respected by the student body, and have demonstrated an ability to communicate easily and well with high school and elementary school students. After selection they are put through a training program prior to their working with elementary-age students. The Teen Club coordinates the program between the high school and elementary schools in the high school area. A yearly program is scheduled wherein a different drug-abuse-related topic is presented to the elementary students at each visitation. The teen counselors work in pairs, and each elementary-classroom visit lasts from 30 to 60 minutes with the elementary teacher present.

These pilots are patterned after a similar program in Phoenix, Ariz., called Dope Stop. The original teen counselors, faculty advisers, and administrators, in both pilot projects were sent to Phoenix lasť February for training. We believe the teen counseling program to be effective based on the interest expressed and the activity in both high schools, but we are not able to state how effective the program is at the present time.

Chairman ELLENDER. You indicate that these are pilot programs. Do you intend to expand the program?

Dr. Benson. The two pilot projects have been established to determine whether the teen counselor concept works successfully in oversea dependent school/military environments. Both programs are new, being operational only since March 1971. By the end of this school year we shall determine whether the program should spread to other oversea dependents schools. If the program is expanded, the present pilot project high schools will become training centers for teen counselors from other schools.


Chairman ELLENDER. You indicate that you are requesting increases of $1.9 million in matter relating to personnel salaries. What are the increases in benefits referred to under that head?

Dr. BENSON. These include benefits related to personnel salaries such as, retirement, health, and life insurance amounting to $1.5 million; summer school and compensation for extra school activities, $84,000; living and quarters allowances amounting to $0.3 million.

Chairman ELLENDER. What are the increases related to summer schools?

Dr. Benson. The increase for summer schools amounts to $84,000 which goes for increased teacher salaries projected for the 1971-72

Chairman ELLENDER. Please describe the compensation for extra school activities.

Dr. BENSON. In addition to the basic rates of compensation which are indicated in the teacher salary schedule, teachers who perform extra school duty assignments, are compensated an additional amount, depending upon the number of hours worked. The extra duty assignments involve after school activities such as coaching high school and junior high football, baseball, track, sponsorship of boys' intramural sports program, and service as a department head or grade level chair

school year.



Chairman ELLENDER. What is the cocurricular program for which you are requesting an increase of $400,000 ?

Dr. BENSON. The cocurricular program pertains to interschool athletics, music and science fair programs, and forensics. Nearly all support for these cocurricular activities comes from base welfare funds. We believe that funds for the support of these school programs should be from appropriated funds.

In nearly all U.S. public schools the interschool athletic program is funded from gate receipts collected by the schools. In the oversea dependents schools, admission fees are not charged to the dependents or serviceman to attend a sports event. The other activities, in U.S. public schools, are provided from school funds.



Chairman ELLENDER. Please provide for the record a schedule of salaries for teachers and supervisory personnel for fiscal year 1970, 1971, and 1972, similar to that provided last year on pages 850–852 of the hearings.

Dr. Benson. Yes, sir; I will be happy to. (The information follows:)


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13 Master's degree:

2. 3 4. 5. 6 7 8 9 10. 11. 12 13. 14.

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Master's degree plus
$6,955 30 hours-Con
7, 240 3.
7,525 4.
7,810 5.

8, 385 7

8. 8, 950 9. 9, 235 10 9,520 11. 9, 805

10, 090 13
10, 375 14

7,700 Doctor's degree:
8,025 1
8, 350 2
8, 675 3.
9,000 4.
9, 325 5
9, 650 6
9, 975
10, 300 8
10.625 9
10,950 10
11,275 11
11,600 12
11, 925 13.


8, 175
8, 500

7, 460 7, 755 8,050 8, 345 8, 640 8, 935 9, 230 9, 525 9, 820 10, 115 10,410 10. 705 11,000 11, 295 11,590

$8,310 8,615 8, 920 9, 225 9,530 9, 835 10, 140 10,445 10, 750 11,055 11, 360 11,665 11,970 8,085 8,400 8,715 9, 030 9, 345 9,660 9, 975 10, 290 10, 605 10.920 11, 235 11,550 11, 865 12, 180 12, 495

8,600 8,935 9, 270 9, 605 9, 940 10, 275 10,610 10, 945 11, 280 11,615 11,950 12, 285 12,620 12,955 13,260

Master's degree plus

30 hours:


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1 Proposed salary schedule for 1971-72 school year. A copy of the final salary schedule will be made available to the committee.


Chairman ELLENDER. Please indicate for the record the percentages of pay increases received by teaching personnel over a 5-year period.

Dr. BENSON. Yes, sir; I have that information. (The information follows:)


5.6 7.5 7.0 7.2 5.0

Fiscal year:

1972 1971 1970 1969 1968 Chairman ELLENDER. Do these same pay increases apply to administrative personnel and supervisory personnel ?

Dr. BENSON. No, sir; administrators, supervisory personnel, ele. mentary and high school principals are paid in accordance with the salaries included in the general schedule established by the Classification Act.


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Chairman ELLEN DER. For the record will you please supply a list of all fringe benefits in addition to salaries for which overseas teachers and supervisory personnel are eligible ?

Dr. BENSON. Yes, sir; I have that information.
(The information follows:)

(1) Living quarters allowances. This is intended to reimburse an employee for substantially all of his costs for other temporary or residence quarters wherever Government-rented or Government-owned quarters are not provided without charge.

(2) Post allowance. A cost-of-living allowance granted to an employee sta. tioned at a post where the cost of living, exclusive of quarters cost, is substan. tially higher than in Washington, D.C.

(3) Separate maintenance allowance. An allowance to assist an employee to meet the additional expense of maintaining his dependents other than at his post assignment when he is not permitted by the Government to take them to his post. ance except at posts which are specifically approved by the Assistant Secretary By regulation the Department of Defense does not permit payment of this allow. of Defense (Manpower and Reserve Affairs).

(4) Post differential. Additional compensation of 10, 15, 20, or 25 percent of basic compensation granted for services at places in foreign areas where condi. tions of environment differ substantially from conditions of environment in the United States and warrant additional compensation as a recruitment and reten. tion incentive. It is authorized only when the post involves extraordinarily difticult living conditions, excessive physical hardship, or notably unhealthful condi. fions. No post differential is payable in Europe, Japan, or Okinawa.

(5) Medical care. Civilian employees in foreign areas are furnished medical care at the rate of one dollar for each out-patient treatment. In-patient treatment is $45 per day. (This amount is usually covered in full by the major medical provisions available to teachers under the Federal Employees Health Benefits Act.)

(6) Commissaries and post exchange. Civilian personnel in foreign areas are authorized use of the post exchange and if in housekeeping facilities are usually authorized use of military service commissaries. No data are available as to potential savings in foreign areas as actual savings are dependent on costs of items on the local market and the extent of utilization.


Chairman ELLENDER. I wish you would supply for the record how schools in the Panama Canal Zone are administered and the reason that these are not administered by you.

Dr. BENSON. Yes, sir. (The information follows:) The Canal Zone is a U.S. Government reservation wherein residence is restricted by treaty to persons connected with the operation, maintenance, and defense of the Panama Canal. The residents of the Canal Zone, therefore, are mainly employees of the U.S. Government or members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.

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