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House of Commons ,

being applied for some good purpose. In this way, fewer resources would be shifted out of productive use, and less risk of external diseconomy would exist. The environment would remain unsullied. And more beneficiaries would be happier, for they would have all the money they wanted plus plenty of leisure time to spend it in. The Congress would do better simply to give the money away rather than subsidize an SST.

London, s.w.1.

March 12, 1971.

The Honorable Allen J. Ellender,
United States Senate,
Washington, D.C. 20510.

Dear Senator Ellender,

It is melancholy that this argument must be made. For it is clear that the people would never tolerate an SST if the true stakes of the issue were understood. Congress would never simply give the money to the contractors, for how could it be explained during the next election? One can understand, if not agree with the roles being played by members of Congress from the five states which would benefit from increased sst subsidy. But what of those members from the other 45 states whose populations are being disadvantaged to provide jobs to a handful of engineers and machinists? How can representatives of the people ask for re-election when they pay so little heed of the interests of the taxpayers?

It is to be hoped that the Senate will repeat its action of last winter and deny all funds for the sst. Any member who previously opposed the project and later shifts his position will be opposed for re-election by the National Taxpayers Union.

Every Senator or Representative who is instrumental in passing a worthless project stands in danger of being retired when the taxpayers, at long last, awake to the true nature of the puddingheaded boondoggles which too many of our "national leaders" are all too ready to support.

$864,000,000 for an sst is already too much for a project which did not merit the expenditure of one penny.

Many misleading statements concerning the AngloPrench Concorde SST were made by Richard Wiggs in testimony given before the recent House Sub-Committee Hearings concerning your proposed sst. As a Member of Parliament I feel that I must endeavour to correct some of the false impressions that may have been left by the barrage of rather mischevious information presented. As you have just Chaired the Senate SST Hearings may I be allowed to offer some comments to yo in the hope that they will be helpful to your delibera

The allegations made generally concern the aircr airline potential, its environmental impact - if any, and the British Government's attitude towards it.

vill the airlines buy Concorde?

The short answer is 'Yes'.

Waldo Emmerson, the buerican philosopher, believed that "if you build a sousetrap the world will beat a path to your door": Concorde I believe we have that better product. Whc all, is going to spend seven hours flying the Atlant he can get there in 342? When the time saved is adde the boredom and discomfort avoided the attraction b

obvious.

In the airline business speed sells and this i dominant factor in any discussion on Concorde's con riability. Whether Concorde is offered to the tray

97-918 0

House of Commons ,

London, S.W.1,

March 12, 1971.

The Honorable Allen J. Ellender,
United States Senate,
Washington, D.C. 20510.

Dear Senator Ellender,

Many misleading statements concerning the AngloFrench Concorde SST were made by Richard Wiggs in testimony given before the recent House Sub-Committee Hearings concerning your proposed sst. As a Member of Parliament I feel that I must endeavour to correct some of the false impressions that may have been left by the barrage of rather mischevious information presented. As you have just Chaired the Senate SST Hearings may I be allowed to offer some comments to you in the hope that they will be helpful to your deliberations.

The allegations made generally concern the aircraft's airline potential, its environmental impact and the British Government's attitude towards it.

if any,

Will the airlines buy Concorde ?

The short answer is 'Yes'. Waldo Emmerson, the American philosopher, believed that "if you build a better mousetrap the world will beat a path to your door". In Concorde I believe we have that better product. who, after ali, is going to spend seven hours flying the Atlantic if he can get there in 342? When the time saved is added to the boredom and discomfort avoided the attraction becomes obvious.

In the airline business speed sells and this is the dominant factor in any discussion on Concorde's commercial viability. Whether Concorde is offered to the travelling

Nation,

Baterials come from overseas;

favourable impact on our economy out of all proportion

public at subsonic fare levels - in which case the high

Much has been made of an article headlined "BO AC passenger loads generated would more than offset the

bombshell for the Government - We can't afford to fly higher operating costs - or whether it is offered with

Concorde" which appeared simultaneously in the London a surcharge to protect the subsonic jets the result is

Cbserver and the Washington Post on February 21st. expected to be the same. The airline with Concorde will

The story's implications were hotly denied by BOAC. be more profitable than the airline without.

It is interesting to note that other headlines on

February 22nd ranged from "BOAC has £60 million plan Nearly 400 hours of flight testing by two prototypes ready to buy Concorde" in the Daily Telegraph, to "BOAC has demonstrated that

Ferieving way of operating Concorde" in the Times, and

'60AC: We Do Want Concorde" in the Daily Mirror. Concorde comfortably meets its speed, payload, range and other performance targets.

Britain is proud of Concorde. Many Members on both

sides of the House of Commons and Lords believe that Concorde is precise and pleasant to fly.

It handles

Concorde and programmes like it are beneficial to our well and is extremely stable throughout the speed range.

Our major national resource is the brains and skill Handling at low speeds and during approach and landing

of our people. Much of our food and most of our raw is outstandingly good. The aircraft is compatible

By 1980 Concorde can have a beneficial impact on our

we have to export to live. with existing international airports and air traffic procedures.

balance of payments worth an estimated $4.8 billion. Reliability has been good and Concorde's maintenance

We have developed the aircraft to the point where programmes fit in with contemporary airline practices.

comercial success is in sight and its future will and

indeed should be decided in the aviation market place. The prototypes' response and handling following deliberately induced failures has been impressive.

Besides employing some 25,000 of our most skilled Concorde continues the trend towards ever greater

people on a peaceful programme which could have a safety in the air.

the numbers employed, the challenge of Concorde has adv The question which controls Concorde's future is 'Can

ean's knowledge on many technical fronts to the ultimat

benefit of Britain and the whole world. an airline make a better profit with Concorde than it can

is the interest your own space shuttle teams are show i

A telling exal without it?' I support the manufacturer's view that "Given

in various areas of Concorde technology. moderate average load factors, a balanced mix of Concordes and subsonic aircraft will earn on investment than an all subsonic fleet".

Much of the argument on Concorde has centred on i be backed by many firm airline orders before the year is out.

ut not it will have a significant environmental impac

May I be allowed to comment on some aspects of this a This week Keith Granville, BOAC'S Deputy Chairman and Managing Director, stated that'"BOAC's objective is to go supersonic as as possible and we positive way with BAC and the Government on the best way of

Concorde is not expected to have any noticeable

on the noise patterns currently existing around majo doing so."

airports; it will certainly be no noisier than exis

a better net annual return

I expect it to

Airport Noise

soon

are working in a very

engined jets and it may well be quieter.

Much has been made of an article headlined "BOAC bombshell for the Government - We can't afford to fly Concorde" which appeared simultaneously in the London Observer and the Washington Post on February 21st. The story's implications were hotly denied by BOAC. It is interesting to note that other headlines on February 22nd ranged from "BOAC has £60 million plan ready to buy Concorde" in the Daily Telegraph, to "BOAC reviewing way of operating Concorde" in the Times, and "BOAC: We Do Want Concorde" in the Daily Mirror.

Britain is proud of Concorde. Many Members on both sides of the House of Commons and Lords believe that Concorde and programmes like it are beneficial to our Nation.

Our major national resource is the brains and skill of our people. Much of our food and most of our raw materials come from overseas; we have to export to live. By 1980 Concorde can have a beneficial impact on our balance of payments worth an estimated $4.8 billion,

We have developed the aircraft to the point where commercial success is in sight and its future will and indeed should be decided in the aviation market place.

Besides employing some 25,000 of our most skilled people on a peaceful programme which could have a favourable impact on our economy out of all proportion to the numbers employed, the challenge of Concorde has advanced man's knowledge on many technical fronts to the ultimate benefit of Britain and the whole world. A telling example is the interest your own space shuttle teams are showing in various areas of Concorde technology.

Much of the argument on Concorde has centred on whether or not it will have a significant environmental impact, May I be allowed to comment some aspects of this question.

n

Airport Noise

Concorde is not expected to have any noticeable impact on the noise patterns currently existing around major airports; it will certainly be no noisier than existing 4 engined jets and it may well be quieter.

Centrails

On the rare occasions when a Concorde does leave contrail the normally low humidity at its cruise altitude should ensure its swift evaporation.

Using the FAA criteria for take-off, flyover and approach noise to put the above into context, one finds Concorde is already quieter at all three points than many subsonic jets flying today. Compared to the earlier 747's it is quieter on approach, about the same on take-off and is only noisier on sideline.

Since Concorde's basic design was frozen 8 years ago, noise requirements have undergone considerable change and in response to this a major noise reduction programme was mounted in 1969. It has provided the biggest spur to noise research that Europe has ever seen. Its results to date, although not dramatic, convince me that Concorde will be no more of a noise nuisance than any other existing long range jet and will be marginally quieter than the aircraft it replaces.

This is a matter which will be investigated during Concorde flight development. Contrails formed will be aoted and the dissipation rate checked.

Water Vapour

Water vapour from Concorde's engine will, it is alleged, condense in the stratosphere, form permanent clou shut out the sun and change our whole climate. Due to nat daily variations in the altitude at which the stratosphere begins many subsonic jets are today flying in this region with no harmful effects. Studies carried out by Britain' Meteorological Office confirm that Concorde operations wi

Sonic Boom

cause no climatic changes.

Ozone

A number of nations have indicated that they will not permit airliners to fly over them at boom producing speeds. I wholeheartedly support legislation to this effect. The fact is that Concorde market assessments have always assumed a worldwide ban on supersonic flight over populated areas.

Such a ban is I understand also assumed in route analyses and economic studies carried out for potential airline customers.

The suggestion that Concorde will cause

a harmful increase in ultra violet radiation at ground level is isprobable on two counts. Firstly, only a very small fraction of the ozone is likely to be affected and then only on a scale which would be insignificant compared t the daily fluctuations in ozone density which occur nat Secondly, the troposphere, although not as strong an at of ultra violet as the ozone layer, is still quite powe and allows only about 5% of the ultra violet which get the ozone layer to reach the earth's surface.

Today some 73% of intercontinental services fly over unpopulated areas and with minor re-routing this can be increased to 80%. By 1980 when 250 Concordes are expected to be in service, this 180%" is expected to exceed today's total world market for air travel.

Carbon Dioxide

Oxygen shortages

Some opponents have alleged that Concorde will use up 'too much of the earth's supply of oxygen.

This is totally impossible. Even if the world's entire fuel reserves were portion of these) then the percentage of oxygen in the earth's burned in one session (and Concorde will only use a miniscule atmosphere would fall from 20.95% to 20.32%. This is one sixth of the normal oxygen reduction encountered by any traveller going from Washington D.c. to Denver, Colorado.

Man's efforts are puny alongside those of nature Afleet of 250 Concordes would in one year change the concentration of carbon dioxide by less than one part 100 million. Carbon dioxide produced by Concorde wil indistinguishable from that produced by whatever trai whicle it replaces - so Concorde's unique addition world's carbon dioxide problem will be nil.

Carbon Monoxide

Carbon monoxide is only emitted in small quant and rapidly changes to carbon dioxide.

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