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easy. In 1919 the whole district was much disturbed; the country was to a large extent terrorised by the Soldiers' and Workman's Councils, which were probably here-as they certainly were in Slesvig-acting to a large extent in co-operation with the more extreme German Nationalists. It would be necessary not only to give the control to a special Plebiscite Commission, but that they should be supported by armed forces. A longer period of time seemed also necessary; the whole matter was on a larger scale and much more comples than with the purely rural populations of Allenstein and Slesvig. Much more power had to be given to the governing commission, and for a period of at least many months, possibly of nearly two years, the control had to be taken out of the hands of the German Government.
The great importance of the district has caused the regulations of the plebiscite here to be subjected to a much more careful scrutiny than in other places. The criticism which has been expressed, the suggestions made that the regulations were deliberately biassed 80 as to help to obtain a majority for Germany, are quite unfounded. In particular, a word must be said about what are called the out-voters.' It has been suggested that the out-voters,' some 180,000, were introduced as part of a determined plot by Mr Lloyd George to ensure that Upper Silesia might remain German. This sug. gestion, which should never have been made, may be absolutely contradicted. The clause was one with which he had nothing to do, one to which his attention was never directed. It was one of the common form clauses which had already been approved and communicated to the Germans in the regulations for the other plebiscites
, as for instance those of Slesvig and Allenstein; it was almost without discussion adopted from them and incorporated in the Upper Silesian section of the Treaty, with no special political intention, by an inter-Allied Committee under French chairmanship.
J. W. HEADLAM-MORLEY.
TWO HUNDRED AND THIRTY-FIFTH VOLUME OF THE
Titles of Articles are printed in heavier type. The names of authors of
articles are printed in italics.]
Ashley, Prof. Sir William, ‘Bol
shevism and Democracy,' 157. ul Hamid II, Sultan of Turkey, Australia, exclusion of Asiatics, 247, leal of Pan-Islamism, 308.
250-isolated position, 292. ministration, The Science of Austria, Treaty of Peace signed, 11ublic, 413-429.
provisions, 13-relations with
Italy, 74. riatic question, settlement, 395. Erenthal, Count, conciliatory olicy, 73.
: B. Eca, South, Union of, 44.
Baden, Prince Max of, appointed carian Movement in Canada,
Chancellor, 139. ne, 84-101.
Bagdad Railway, The, 307–329. icultural labourers, rate of wages, 9-number, 180.
Balkans, The Truth about the,
391-412. ricultural Policy Sub-Committee,'
Barnes, Rt Hon. G. N., introduction port, 182.
to · Labour and the Peace Treaty,' icultural Wages Board, 183–186. 194 note. icultural Workers, English, Bayley, Adm. Sir L., reception in 6-269.
America, 231. iculture, The Wages Problem
Beauty, definition, 272. 1, 175–190.
Berlin, Congress, 5-Conference, ania, policy of neutrality, 410—
191. assembly at Lushnia, 411--member Bessarabia, union with Roumania, the League of Nations, ib.
399, sander I, Emperor of Russia,
Bible, the Russian, 106. -cession, 107.
Bickersteth, Geoffrey L., 'Benedetto tolian Railway, 308, 314, 328.
Croce as Literary Critic,' 270. English Traditions in, 207–
Bielschowsky, Herr, biography of 0.
Goethe, 340. tels' or self-governing work.
Binyon, Laurence, 'English Tradiops, 430.
tions in Art,' 207. by, A. W., on the result of in
Boer War, 38. airies on the rate of wages, 179.
Boers, Congress at Pretoria, 40.
Fol. 235.-No. 467.
Bolshevism and Democracy, 157–
ton Conference of the International
Labour Office, 199 note,
of Nations Covenant, 300.
Prohibition, 100 note.
report, 169, 172.
12-provisions, 13-area, 403-un.
League of Nations, 406.
the date of the Apocalypse, 35
note, et seq.
113—'Uncle Vanya,' ib.
'Oesterreichische Rundschan,' 76
Council of Ten, 7.
The Desert Flower,' 51.
tration of Turkey, 15.
Task,' 54 note, 55 note, 56 note.
and Redistribution of our Land,
H. Eworth, 213.
alliance with Jugo-Slavia, 393.
Cabinet, problem of the, 425 –
rate of wages, 179,
tariff, 26, 28, 93-Pacific Railway,
sador to Washington, 297.
Catherine, Empress, translation of
French plays, 107,
Exegetical Commentary on the
Democracy and Bolshevism, 157–
organisation of the Naval Stati.
Pekanese Islands, transferred to
Fox, A. Wilson, on the average
weekly rate of wages, 179.
2-share in the Bagdad Railway,
312, 314-lunetiers,' 431.
gleston, F. W., "Imperial Unity
Geneva, programme of the Inter-
national Labour Office, 201.
International Labour Office, meet-
independent representation of the
with Turkey, ib.
urope, The Reorganisation of, 839.
Gordon, J. W., “The New German
the Slaves,' 251.
88-90—' Guide' founded, 90, 99.
Great Race,' 235.
result of the election, 410.
armers, British, individualism, 177.
Green, F. E., 'A History of the
English Agricultural Labourer,'
Intelligence Department, 129.
-relations with Austria-Hangan-
Habsburgs, The Last of the, I.
The Emperor Francis Joseph, 60-
351-Committee on the Machinery
of Government, 421 et seq.
Village Labourer,' 256.
English Agricultural Labourer,'
treatise on the 'Art of Limning,'
• The Saving Grace,' 221.
of Nations, 292, 295.
General of the Anatolian Railway,
Labour Legislation, International
Association of, 191,
Federation of, 431.
168—pamphlets, 164-advocacy of