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MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT TO CONGRESS

Transmitting
Declaration of Principles,
Known as the Atlantic Charter

AUGUST 21, 1941*

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To the Congress of the United States:

Over a week ago I held several important conferences at sea with the British Prime Minister. Because of the factor of safety to British, Canadian, and American ships, and their personnel, no prior announcement of these meetings could properly be made.

At the close, a public statement by the Prime Minister and the President was made. I quote it for the information of the Congress and for the record :

"The President of the United States and the Prime Minister, Mr. Churchill, representing His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, have met at sea.

"They have been accompanied by officials of their two Governments, including high-ranking officers of their military, naval, and air services.

“The whole problem of the supply of munitions of war, as provided by the Lease-Lend Act, for the armed forces

of the United States, and for those countries actively engaged in resisting aggression, has been further examined.

“Lord Beaverbrook, the Minister of Supply of the British Government, has joined in these conferences. He is going to proceed to Washington to discuss further details with appropriate officials of the United States Government. These conferences will also cover the supply problems of the Soviet Union.

“The President and the Prime Minister have had several conferences. They have considered the dangers to world civilization arising from the policies of military domination by conquest upon which the Hitlerite government of Germany and other governments associated therewith have embarked, and have made clear the steps which their countries are respectively taking for their safety in the face of these dangers.

"They have agreed upon the following joint declaration:

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"Joint declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister, Mr. Churchill, representing His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, being met together, deem it right to make known certain common principles in the national policies of their respective countries on which they base their hopes for a better future for the world.

"First, their countries seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other;

"Second, they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned;

“Third, they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live; and they wish to see sovereign rights and self-government restored to those who have been forcibly deprived of them;

"Fourth, they will endeavor, with due respect for their existing obligations, to further the enjoyment by all states, great or small, victor or vanquished, of access, on equal terms, to the trade and to the raw materials of the world which are needed for their economic prosperity;

"Fifth, they desire to bring about the fullest collaboration between all nations in the economic field

with the object of securing, for all, improved labor standards, economic advancement, and social security;

"Sixth, after the final destruction of the Nazi tyrrany, they hope to see established a peace which will afford to all nations the means of dwelling in safety within their own boundaries, and which will afford assurance that all the men in all the lands

may

live out their lives in freedom from fear and want;

"Seventh, such a peace should enable all men to traverse the high seas and oceans without hindrance;

"Eighth, they believe that all of the nations of the world, for realistic as well as spiritual reasons, must come to the abandonment of the use of force. Since no future peace can be maintained if land, sea, or air armaments continue to be employed by nations which threaten, or may threaten, aggression outside of their frontiers, they believe, pending the establishment of a wider and permanent system of general security, that the disarmament of such nations is essential. They will likewise aid and encourage all other practicable measures which will lighten for peace-loving peoples the crushing burden of armaments.

"(Signed) Franklin D. Roosevelt. “(Signed) Winston S. Churchill.”

The Congress and the President having heretofore de- clear gains in furthering the effectiveness of this aid.
termined, through the Lend-Lease Act, on the national Furthermore, the Prime Minister and I are arranging
policy of American aid to the democracies which East for conferences with the Soviet Union to aid it in its de-
and West are waging war against dictatorships, the fense against the attack made by the principal aggressor
military and naval conversations at these meetings made of the modern world-Germany.
* The press release announcing the Atlantic Charter was dated August 14, 1941.

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d 4K Finally, the declaration of principles at this time pre- more to the utter lack of validity of the spoken or written sents a goal which is worth while for our type of civiliza- word of the Nazi government. tion to seek. It is so clear-cut that it is difficult to oppose It is also unnecessary for me to point out that the declain any major particular without automatically admitting ration of principles includes, of necessity, the world need a willingness to accept compromise with nazi-ism; or to for freedom of religion and freedom of information. No agree to a world peace which would give to nazi-ism domi- society of the world organized under the announced prinnation over large numbers of conquered nations. Inevita- ciples could survive without these freedoms which are a bly such a peace would be a gift to nazi-ism to take breath part of the whole freedom for which we strive. -armed breath—for a second war to extend the control

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT. over Europe and Asia, to the American Hemisphere itself.

It is perhaps unnecessary for me to call attention once THE WHITE HOUSE, August 21, 1941.

Declaration by United Nations

JANUARY 1, 1941

nations which are, or which may be, rendering material
assistance and contributions in the struggle for victory
over Hitlerism."
Done at Washington,

January First, 1942

A joint declaration by the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, China, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia.

The Governments signatory hereto,

Having subscribed to a common program of purposes and principles embodied in the Joint Declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland dated August 14, 1941, known as the Atlantic Charter;

Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands, and that they are now engaged in a common struggle against savage and brutal forces seeking to subjugate the world, DECLARE:

(1) Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact and its adherents with which such government is at war.

(2) Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies.

The foregoing declaration may be adhered to by other

* ADHERENTS TO THE DECLARATION BY UNITED NATIONS (together
with the date on which an official representative of the country
affixed his signature to the Declaration):
Bolivia
May 5, 1943 Liberia

Apr. 10, 1944
Brazil
Apr. 10, 1943 Mexico

June 14, 1942
Chile

Feb. 14, 1945 Paraguay Feb. 14, 1945
Colombia
Jan. 17, 1943 Peru

Feb. 14, 1945
Ecuador

Feb. 14, 1945 Philippines, Commonwealth
Egypt
Feb. 28, 1945 of the

June 14, 1942
Ethiopia

Mar. 7, 1944 Saudi Arabia . March 5. 1945
France
Jan. 1, 1945 Turkey

Feb. 28, 1945
Iran
Sept. 14, 1943 Uruguay

Feb. 24, 1945
Iraq

Apr. 10, 1943 Venezuela Feb. 20, 1945 The date of notification of adherence was, in each case, the following: Bolivia, Apr. 27, 1943; Brazil, Feb. 8, 1943 (the Brazilian notification, a note of Feb. 8, 1943 from the Brazilian Ambassador in Washington to the Secretary of State, stated, in translation: "... by act of the 6th of this month Brazil declared formal adherence to the Declaration of the United Nations"); Colombia, Dec. 22, 1943; Ethiopia, July 28, 1942; Iran, Sept. 10, 1943 (the Iranian notification, a note of Sept. 10, 1943 from the Iranian Minister at Washington, stated: “ by act of the 9th day of this month Iran declares the existence of a state of war with Germany and formally adheres to the Declaration of the United Nations"); Iraq, Jan. 16, 1943; Liberia, Feb. 26, 1944; Mexico, June 5, 1942; Commonwealth of the Philippines, June 10, 1942; Chile, Feb, 12, 1945; Ecuador, Feb, 7, 1945; France, Dec. 26, 1944; Paraguay, Feb. 12, 1945; Peru, Feb. 11, 1945; Venezuela, Feb. 16, 1945; Uruguay, Feb. 23, 1945; Turkey, Feb. 24, 1945; Egypt, Feb. 27, 1945, Saudi Arabir. March 1, 1945.

TEXT OF TREATY

Between the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom

MAY 26, 1942

Treaty between U.S.S.R. and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland of Alliance in the War against Hitlerite Germany and her associates in Europe and collaboration and mutual assistance thereafter.

Desiring to confirm the stipulations of the agreement between His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom and the Government of the U.S.S.R. for joint action in the war against Germany signed at Moscow July 12, 1941, and to replace them by a formal treaty;

Desiring to contribute after the war to the maintenance of peace and to prevent further aggression by

Germany of the States associated with her in her acts of aggression in Europe;

Desiring, moreover, to give expression to their intention of collaborating closely with one another as well as with the United Nations at the peace settlement and during the ensuing period of reconstruction on the basis of the principles enunciated in the declaration made on August 14, 1941, by the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to which the Government of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics has adhered;

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Desiring finally to provide for mutual assistance in templated in Article 3 (1). In default of the adoption of the event of an attack upon either of the high contracting such proposals it shall remain in force for a period of 20 parties by Germany or any of the States associated years and thereafter until terminated by either high conwith her in acts of aggression in Europe.

tracting party as provided in Article 8. Part One

Article 5. The high contracting parties having regard to

the interests of the security of each of them agree to work Article 1. In virtue of the alliance established between

together in close and friendly collaboration after the rethe United Kingdom and the U.S.S.R., the high contracting parties mutually undertake to afford one another

establishment of peace for the organization of security military and other assistance and support of all kinds in

and economic prosperity in Europe. They will take into

account the interests of the United Nations in these obthe war against Germany and all those States which are associated with her in acts of aggression in Europe.

jects and they will act in accordance with the two princi

ples of not seeking territorial aggrandisement for themArticle 2. The high contracting parties undertake not

selves and of non-interference in the internal affairs of to enter into any negotiations with Hitlerite Government

other States. or any other Government in Germany that does not clearly renounce all aggressive intentions and not to ne

Article 6. The high contracting parties agree to render

one another all possible economic assistance after the gotiate or conclude except by mutual consent any armis

war: tice or peace treaty with Germany or any other State associated with her in acts of aggression in Europe.

Article 7. Each high contracting party undertakes not

to conclude any alliance and not to take part in any coaliPart Two

tion directed against the other high contracting party. Article 3. (1) The high contracting parties declare Article 8. The present treating is subject to ratificatheir desire to unite with other like-minded States in tion in the shortest possible time and instruments of adopting proposals for common action to preserve peace ratification shall be exchanged in Moscow as soon as and resist aggression in the post-war period.

possible. (2) Pending the adoption of such proposals they will It comes into force immediately on the exchange of after the termination of hostilities take all measures in instruments of ratification and shall thereupon replace their power to render impossible a repetition of aggres- the agreement between the Government of the U.S.S.R. sion and violation of peace by Germany or any of the and His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom States associated with her in acts of aggression in Eu- at Moscow on July 12, 1941. rope.

Part 1 of the present treaty shall remain in force until Article 4. Should one of the high contracting parties the re-establishment of peace between the high contractduring the post-war period become involved in hostilities ing parties and Germany and the powers associated with with Germany or any of the States mentioned in Article her in acts of aggression in Europe. 3 (2) in consequence of an attack by that State against Part 2 of the present treaty shall remain in force for that party, the other high contracting party will at once a period of 20 years. Thereafter unless 12 months' give to the contracting party so involved in hostilities all notice has been given by either party to terminate the military and other support and assistance in her power. treaty at the end of the said period of 20 years it shall

This Article shall remain in force until the high con- continue in force until 12 months after either high contracting parties by mutual agreement shall recognize that tracting party shall have given notice to the other in it is superseded by the adoption of the proposals con- writing of his intention to terminate it.

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