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Useful Information for Engineers: Being a Series of Lectures
William Fairbairn, Sir
No preview available - 2016
appear applied atmosphere attain attention bars beam become boiler breaking burst calculated carbon cause circumstances close coal combustion compared considerable considered construction contained cylinder determine diameter direction distance double economy effect elastic engine equal exists experiments explosion extent facts feet fire flues force fuel furnace give given greater heat hydrogen important improvements increased inquiry interesting iron joints knowledge length less material mean mechanical nature nearly necessary object observed obtained pass perfect plates powers practical present pressure principle probably produced proportions quantity question raised ratio reduced reference regards relative resistance respect rivets ship side smoke square inch stays steam steam-engine strain strength sufficient supply surface Table taken temperature thick tion tons varied vessels volume weight whole
Page i - Salmon; Lists of good Salmon Flies for every good River in the Empire ; the Natural History of the Salmon, its Habits described, and the best way of artificially Breeding it. Fcp. 8vo. with coloured Plates, price 14s. Fairbairn.— Useful Information for Engineers : Being a Series of Lectures delivered to the Working Engineers of Yorkshire and Lancashire.
Page 142 - ... passing from the solid to the liquid, and from the liquid to the gaseous form, or the contrary, occasioning endless vicissitudes of temperature over the globe.
Page 213 - By his admirable contrivance, it has become a thing stupendous alike for its force and its flexibility, for the prodigious power which it can exert, and the ease, and precision, and ductility, with which it can be varied, distributed, and applied. The trunk of an elephant, that can pick up a pin or rend an oak, is as nothing to it.
Page 176 - Prom them we may infer, that the steam, while expanding in the cylinder, loses heat in quantity exactly proportional to the mechanical force which it communicates by means of the piston ; and that on the condensation of the steam, the heat thus converted into power is not given back.
Page 32 - This occurrence seems to prove that rarefaction produced in the flues of a high pressure boiler may determine an explosion. The boiler which exploded belonged to a set of three feeding the same engine; the fuel used was bituminous coal. The furnace doors of all three of the boilers had been opened, and the dampers of two had been closed, when a gust of flame was seen to issue from the mouth of the furnace of these latter, and was immediately followed by an explosion. The interior flue of this boiler...
Page xxvi - ... is considerable, we may fairly assume the following relative strengths as the value of plates with their riveted joints:— Taking the strength of the plate at 100 The strength of the double-riveted joint would then be . 70 And the strength of the single-riveted joint...
Page 130 - ... ship being in a state of tension, it is, on the contrary, in a state of compression, and the whole of those parts below the neutral axis are subjected to that strain. On the other hand, the upper part is in a state of tension...
Page 89 - Fahrenheit, and at this temperature the products of combustion would be increased, according to the laws of the expansion of aeriform bodies, to about three times their original bulk. The bulk, therefore, of the products of combustion which must pass off must be 154-814 x 3 = Ф64-442 cubic feet.
Page 89 - ... conditions are not fulfilled, but that a large surplus quantity of air is always admitted. A limit is thus found for the area over the bridge, or the area of the flue immediately behind the furnace, below which it must not be decreased, or the due quantity could not pass off and consequently the due quantity of air could not enter and the combustion would be proportionally imperfect. It will be found advantageous in practice, to make the area 2 square inches instead of '516 square inch. The imperfection...