Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, 1959 - 877 pages
After two volumes mainly introductory, Dr Needham now embarks upon his systematic study of the development of the natural sciences in China. The Sciences of the Earth follow: geography and cartography, geology, seismology and mineralogy. Dr Needham distinguishes parallel traditions of scientific cartography and religious cosmography in East and West, discussing orbocentric wheel-maps, the origins of the rectangular grid system, sailing charts and relief maps, Chinese survey methods, and the impact of Renaissance cartography on the East. Finally-and here Dr Needham's work has no Western predecessors-there are full accounts of the Chinese contribution to geology and mineralogy.
 

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Contents

List of Illustrations
xvii
List of Tables
xxxv
Authors Note
xli
MATHEMATICS page i
1
1 Algebra p
112
6 Influences and transmissions p
146
ASTRONOMY
171
d Ancient and medieval cosmological ideas p
210
Records of celestial phenomena p
409
j The time of the Jesuits p
437
k Summary p
458
METEOROLOGY page
462
GEOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY page
497
c A note on Chinese explorers p
522
GEOLOGY and Related Sciences page
591
MINERALOGY page
636

e The polar and equatorial character of Chinese astronomy
229
The naming cataloguing and mapping of stars p
263
g The development of astronomical instruments p
284
h Calendrical and planetary astronomy p
390
ADDENDA page
681
GENERAL INDEX page
803
Table of Chinese Dynasties
875
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