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Do yo think it is better to give education to a great rumber, than instruction and clothing only a few ?—Certainly, much better.

Are there not many poor children in want of cloibes to appear decent in schools ?- There are some few; but they are chiefly of the lowest description of poor; I think most of the parents are in general very well able to clothe their children.

Would not occasional clothing, by way of reward, have a better effect than regular clothing at certain periods ?-1 conceive so, because it would be unexpected and conditional.

Might not a smaller number in parochial schools be regnlarly clothed, and children taken, either in rotation or according to their behaviour, into that number 1-Certainly, I think it would be preferable to giving clotbes indiscriminately to the good and the bad.

Have occasional rewards a good effect in stimulating children to exertion ?-A very good effect.

Have you ever witnessed any of those effects, in the schools to which you belong?-Yes; I have known of children excited to uncommon exertion and assiduity.

Do not the poor frequently claim regular allowances as a right; rather than receive them as a boon ?-Very frequently

Are they not more grateful for occasional gifts than regular bounty? --Certainly.

Have you ever observed that children in Sunday schools improved in their dress and appearance, within a short time after their admission?-Yes, exceedingly so; their habits of decency and order vastly improve; they become clean in their persons and respectful in their behavivur, and, from being dirty, ill-behaved children, become decent and creditable.

What is the cause of this? When they see other children better clothed than themselves, they apply to their parents for clothes, and generally succeed and get better clothes.

Do you imagine this induces parents to be more industrious and frugal?- Certainly; they are very desirous for the creditable appearance of their children, and they often deny themselves many gratifications to procure clothing for them.

If this occurs with the parents of Sunday school children, might not the parents of children in day schools be induced to adopt the same frugality and industry and care of their children?-I can see no difference, except that the parents of Sunday school children are generally more necessitous than those of charity school children, because they want their labour in the week.

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Is it the practice in charity schools, where they do not give regular clothing, for benevolent individuals frequently to make presents of clothing to the children-Yes, it is very frequently the case when any children are observed by benevolent persons to be in a very destitute situation, to give clothing to the inost ragged, which excites their gratitude to their superiors.

Is it not desirable to excite a more general disposition to instruct the children of the poor throughont the parishes in the metropolis? - Certainly; I conceive all parish schools would be more useful, if the housekeepers and inhabitants properly looked after them, and felt an interest in their prosperity; it would be desirable if masters, when they Wanted servants, would see that they were well educated, and this wonld induce parents to pay more attention to the education of their children.

If an annual examination of the children in parochial schools were to take place, might not this excite an additional interest in the parish --Certainly so, if it were properly conducted; but I think girls on those occasions should not be brought too forward, as modesty is the ornament of the female character.

Do you think the object of parochial schools might be promoted by an annual meeting! - It would excite the benevolent regard of the inhabitants, and increase the interest felt for the prosperity of the school.

Would this annual examination stimulate the master to prepare the children Very much so, and would induce the children to strive to get forward.

Would the school rooms be large enough to admit the parents, the subscribers, and the children? I think not in general; commodious school rooms are wanted very much, all over the metropolis. Then how could they be accommodated?

I should think the parish church would be a very suitable place in general.

What has been your plan of annual examination ?-The children are generally informed on what subjects they will be examined, and the teachers prepare them accordingly.

In what way are they examined? They are generally called up, and they repeat chapters or psalms from the scriptures, and hymns and poetry, which they have committed to memory; and sometimes are asked plain questions from the scriptures.

Do the moral sentiments conveyed by the pieces committed to memory, in your opinion, produce right principles in the minds of children: Yes, they very frequently recur VOL. 11.

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to their minds, and when they are exposed to temptations, guard them against the evil.

Are children fond of poetic pieces? —Very much so indeed; and they are very useful, because they so soon come to their minds; we also aim to imbue their minds with the scriptures as much as we possibly can.

If any general plan of education for the poor throughout London could be adopted in the respective parishes, do you imagine it would produce a change for the better in the character of the poor?—Very much so indeed.

Have you observed this in the schools to which you belong-Yes, I have frequently observed the children very much improved in their moral character as well as in their condition.

Have you had much intercourse with their parents?-1 very frequently visit the parents of the Sunday school children at their own habitations; they are very grateful for the instruction their children receive, and for the visits of the teachers, from which they often likewise derive many benefits.

Do you think parish officers might more strongly recommend the education of poor children to their parents who apply for relief?-Yes, if they did it without any partiality or preference of religious sect or party, leaving it to the parents io choose which they thought preferable.

Would not poor children be greatly benefitted by being kept out of the streets, and sent to day schools?--Exceedingly so; the morals of children derive a vast deal of harm from their playing with idle and depraved children in the streets, and especially upon a Sunday, when children very often herd together, and initiate each other into the commission of crimes, it being a day of leisure.

Do you think the employment of children in schools produces habits of industry-Very much so.

Has it the effect of fitting them for useful employments I have known many cases of great improvement in that respect. I happened to meet two or three children, coming here this morning; one was the first child adınitted into the Sunday school with which I am connected; she made a courtesy; I have learned she lives in a creditable situation, us housemaid in a respectable family in the city; and I met one or two others, who are likewise filling creditable situations with their fathers,

Would children be more likely to meet with employment, in your opinion, if they were better educated?-It is one of the first inquiries we make, when we want servants in trade, how they have been educated; and they are very frequently incapaciated from filling many situations, because they have not been taught when young.

Do you know whether shopkeepers and wholesale-houses, in the city, prefer youths from the country, to those born and educated in London?-Very frequently so

Do they prefer youths in the various capacities of porters, warehousemen, and clerks, and in short, in all the departa ments of trade?-In most cases they certainly do prefer lads from the country.

Are they also preferred as domestic servants ?-In general, so far as my experience extends.

For what reason are they preferred? -Because their character is better known, their morals more frequently uncontaminated; and I think the education of those who are sent, off to town has been much better attended to than those persons born in London.

Have you any idea how many young men come up to London annually to seek for situations, both domestic and in trade? It is impossible to speak with any accuracy; but I have heard many intelligent men, who have had long experience on the subject, calculate that nearly 10,000 come up annually.

Including footmen, porters, and clerksi-All descriptions of servants.

Are you acquainted with any of the principals of the trading and commercial houses of the city of London?-Yes, many of them.

Do you know whether they originally came from the country, or were born in London?-I should think the majority came from the country.

Is it not a remarkable fact, and well known that the large proportion of the housekeepers in the city of London came from the country?-Yes, I conceive so. And generally without property ? Most of them, I think.

They have generally risen by their own merit?-Yes, from clerks, or even many of them from inferior situations; they have risen from their attention to business, and good education. Several of our lord mayors have risen from clerk’s situations.

Have they chiefly risen by their own merit, and having had the advantages of a useful education ?-Yes, I conceive so, and a steadiness and perseverance in their conduct,

If parochial schools in London were better attended to, might not masters and mistresses be more disposed to receive servants from among the children brought up in those schools !-- Yes, if the procuring of suitable situations for the children when they left the school were made an object of importance by the governors of the school. I fear it is tou often

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neglected: the children are left entirely to themselves when they leave parochial schools. In Sunday schools we often obtain situations for the children, either in our own businesses or among our acquaintance.

Do the teachers generally feel an interest for the welfare of the children under their care? When we see a steady attentive boy, we generally recommend him to some situation where he is likely to be well attended to and prosper. Many of them have succeeded remarkably well, and have become teachers themselves; and many of them, from the lowest state of society, have become respectable characters, and till useful situations, if not very high ones. Do you

think it of importance to convey moral instruction while communicating knowledge to the children - Yes, it is of the highest importance; for knowledge, unaccompanied by virtue, very frequently only capacitates for increasing mischief, in society.

Is there much difference between the moral character of the Scotch and Trish?

-No one, who has been accustomed to visit them at their own habitations, can have failed to observe a marked and decided distinction.

Whence does this distinction arise?-The Scotch are con. ştantlyutaught, when young, to read their bibles, and accus, tomed to moral and religious instruction.

From your knowledge of the trading world, and of the children of the poor, do you think a more extensive plan of education would be a public benefit?

I think it would be one of the greatest public benefits.

Would it, in your opinion, lessen public crimes I have no doubt of it; for the most guilty criminal characters are commonly the most ignorant; in fact we cannot get thein to stay in our schools; we have sometimes gathered them from the highways, and brought them into our schools, but we could never keep them long together.

From your knowledge of the benefits of education, is it your opinion that a more extended plan would greatly promote the public bevefit?-I think it would exceedingly so; in Wales, owing to the general establishment of Sunday schools there, in one or two of the counties the prison-doors have been thrown open, and I attribute it to education, because nearly every individual throughout those counties at, tended the schools.

Are you acquainted whether maid-servants in London generally come from the country?

I know it is often the case that they are preferred from the country, unless their character can be well ascertained by a respectable and well-known person with whom they have lived before,

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