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addresses were delivered by the Revs. you.” At the close of the service, a tea T. Davies of Putney, I. M. Soule, of meeting took place in the new rooms. Battersea, R. Ashton, Secretary of the The tables were gratuitously furnished Congregational Union, and E. Bolton, by the ladies of the congregation, and of of Hackney College. During the past other Christian denominations in the year the school has prospered in all its town. More than 450 persons were departments, Its numbers (carefully present at the tea, and at its close a analyzed for the occasion) are 570. of public meeting was held, over which these, 170 attend the infant class; and the Rev. J. S. Bright presided. Mr. 80 are in the adult classes. Several mem- C. Rose, the secretary of the building bers have been added to the church committee, gave a detailed statement as from the school, and the teachers are to the origin, 'progress, and successful thankful to know that one of their num- completion of the undertaking. Mr. ber, Mr. John Ashton, M.A., has been Todman, the treasurer, furnished some accepted by the London Missionary interesting particulars as to the finances, Society, as a missionary for India. especially in regard to the productive

ness of the weekly contribution. In

teresting addresses were delivered in DORKING, SURREY, the course of the evening, by the Revs.

J. Graham ; Thomas, (Wesleyan); West STREET CHAPEL SUNDAY SCHOOLS. G. H. Adeney, of Reigate; J. Waite, of

These schools were established by a Leatherhead; R. Lewis, of Shore ; J. relative of the immortal Raikes, in 1806, Payne, Esq., of Leatherhead ; and Mr. At their jubilee celebration in December, A. Mitchell, the superintendent. The 1856, an effort was initiated to obtain cost of the new rooms, with vestry, the erection of new rooms for their ac- offices, and other requisites, to render commodation. Subscriptions lists were them complete, exceeds £700. ; toward accordingly opened, and a weekly con- which about £400. has been collected. tribution towards the requisite funds On the following Sabbath the pastor commenced. So successful had been the liberally offered to devote the whole of endeavour, in the spring of the pre- his income derived from the pew consent year, that the Committee appointed tributions for a year, towards the liquiby the Church to superintend the under-dation of the debt, providing the holders taking, felt justified in proceeding with of pews and sittings would double their the work. The site on which it was subscriptions for the same object. As intended to erect the building having there is little doubt of the

eptance of been used for many generations as a this noble offer, it is hoped that the place of sepulture, rendered it difficult amount remaining unpaid will be cleared to secure a solid base for the future su- off during the present year. perstructure. This obstacle was surmounted by the employment of concrete,

THE BISHOP OF OXFORD'S and the corner stone of the new erection

PRIZE FOR AN ESSAY. was laid on July 14th, by the Rev. J. S. Bright, the minister of the chapel. The The Bishop of Oxford has offered a

were opened under very prize for the best essay on the following auspicious circumstances, on the 20th subject :-" The best method of proOctober. An excellent sermon on behalf moting reverence and devotion among of the building fund was preached in the school children during Divine worship." afternoon, by the Rev. J. Graham, of Cra- Competitors for the prize are confined ven chapel, from 1 Peter, v. 7, “Casting to the Diocesan Association of Schoolall your care upon Him for He careth for masters.

new rooms

CUMBERLAND:-ALSTON. in the first place, on the part of teachers

--due preparation for teaching-perThe annual deputation of the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Sunday School Union, sonal piety-fervent prayer, and oftener

conversations with the children on soul consisting of Messrs. E. Ridley and J.

matters. Much was said in favour of W. Townsend, recently visited Alston, a

Bible circulation, for home use, by distance of 45 miles, where they met

means of the children's own small with the usual cordial reception. Two of the friends met them at the station, weekly payments. Libraries, too, and

the periodical publications of the Sunand intimated the duties and

arrangements, which respectful and business day School Union were warmly relike attention were appreciated. The commended, as were also Bible Classes, Congregational, Wesleyan, and Method - and Week-Evening Free Schools, for the ist schools were visited in the morning, impartation of secular elementary educaand for the most part found in an active tion, coupled with religious instruction,

which are conducted in Alston on a and encouraging state; the number of

liberal scale, and which it were desirteachers in all was gratifying. All

able should obtain wherever Sunday three went on in their usual way, so

schools are established. that the order, usages, and mode of

A CORRESPONDENT. teaching could be witnessed. A good number of classes were separately gone into, and a kind and seasonable word

IPSWICH, offered to teacher and child. In several, it was recommended that shorter lessons SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION.–At the so. be read, less time given to the excrcise licitation of the friends connected with of reading, and more to questioning the this Union, Mr. Fountain J. Hartley, children on the lesson, explaining it, lately visited Ipswich, as a deputation and grounding practical instruction from the London Sunday School Union ; thereon.

and during his stay was kindly enterIn the afternoon, the schools assem- tained by E. Goddard, Esq., the late bled in one of the largest chapels, when mayor, and also by Mr. E. Grimwade. the devotional exercises, with an intro- In accordance with the previous arductory address, were undertaken by rangements, a special prayer meeting the Rev. J. Harper, after which the of the teachers was held on the Saturteachers and children were severally day evening, at Nicholas Chapel school addressed. A variety of questions were room, (kindly granted by the Rev. J. put to the little people regarding some Raven.) The attendance of the teachers of the leading truths of the Bible, which on the occasion was very gratifying. they readily and satisfactorily answered, After prayer had been offered by several thereby indicating their progress in di- friends, an address was delivered by vine knowledge.

Mr. Hartley, who took for his subject In the evening, there was a still the “ Personal aspect of the Sunday larger attendance of parents, teachers, School work," especially in reference to and friends. The services were intro- the teachers themselves. The address duced by the Rev. Mr. Long, after was listened to with great interest and which all parties were suitably ad- pleasure by the friends assembled. dressed, and evincell considerable in- On Sabbath morning, Mr. Hartley, terest on the occasion.

accompanied by Mr. Rees, one of the At the close, a conference of teachers seeretaries of the Ipswich Union, paid was held, when several practical points a brief visit to the following schools in were started and warmly recommended. comnexion with the Union, viz: NichoAmong the rest, early attendance; and, las Chapel, Friar's Street, Globe Lane,

and Tacket Street-(Independents), crowded, from 1,300 to 1,400 children, Market Lane-(Wesleyan,) Turret and a large number of adults, being Green-(Baptist,) Rope Walk,-(Prim- present on the occasion. The children itive Methodist,) and California school, sang with great spirit and effect several in connexion with Nicholas school, and favorite hymns, and the service was situate about a mile and a half distant altogether one of a very pleasing from the town, The attendance of character, and will, we believe, live the children at the various schools was long in the remembrance of the children below the usual average, in some degree present. perhaps owing to the severity of the In the evening, Mr. Hartley paid a weather; but it was observed, that the visit to the Ragged Schools, and at the teachers generally were at their posts. close of the visit addressed the children Owing to the limited time allowed for present, in his usual happy and felicitous this purpose, the visitation made by style. Mr. Hartley was necessarily brief and On the Monday evening, a meeting hasty; but he was evidently cordially of the ministers and teachers, for conwelcomed by the superintendents and ference, was held in the Council Chamteachers of the various schools, and the ber of the Town Hall, (kindly lent by visits appeared to afford him much the Mayor) Mr. E. Grimwade presiding. pleasure from the hearty reception he After singing and prayer, by the Rev. met with.

J. Gay, the chairman addressed the In the afternoon the children con- meeting on the importance of the Union, nected with the schools already named, and referred to the success which had with those of the Ragged Schools, and resulted from the canvass held some also of two schools connected with time since in Ipswich, and called upon Tacket Street, conducted in villages Mr. Hartley, who in a very friendly about three miles distant, met at the and pleasant manner, stated the impresnew chapel at Tacket Street, (kindly sions produced on his mind by the brief placed at the disposal of the Committee and hasty visits paid by him to the by the Rev. E. Jones,) when a sermon, schools on the previous day, kindly pointspecially adapted to the juvenile con- ing out the matters in which he regarded gregation, was preached by Mr. Hartley, the Ipswich schools as deficient, and sugfrom Judges iji. 20, “I have a message gested various points for their improvefrom God to thee." In which he ment; alluding also to the pleasure he showed the children who the mes- experienced in witnessing the healthy sengers were that God sent to men, and vigorous state of the Ipswich viz., angels, ministers, teachers: and Union. then told them that he had a message A conference then took place on the from God for them, and it consisted of following subjects :-“What shall we four things. It was to offer them-Ist, do with our Senior Scholars? " A free pardon ; 2nd, A beautiful dress; should we deal with refractory and un3rd, A safe guide; and 4th, A happy ruly scholars ? " “ Discipline of the home; and in conclusion told them of school generally;" “ Modes of teachanother messenger whom God would ing;” Separate services," &c.; and send to them all, at a time none could on each of these points the opinions of tell-that messenger was Death. In Mr. Hartley, and his experience in conthe course of his address, he illustrated nexion with other schools, was solicited. his subject by Bible truths and anec. Mr. Hartley replied to each question put dotes; and at the close, briefly ques- to him, to the evident satisfaction of the tioned the children on the heads of the meeting. In the course of the confeaddress. The chapel was densely rence, the chairman, with the Reys. J.

" How


Cox, E. Jones, and J. Gay, and Messrs. For our errors kindness ever,

Hath an antidote sublime; Pitcairn, Thomas Jones, Bull, Pren

With harsh words the heart will never, ticé, Seager, Boyce, and Dothie, took

Melt until the end of time. part in the discussion. At the close, a Knotlingley.

E. S. A. hearty and cordial vote of thanks to Mr. Hartley, was proposed by Mr. Rees, | THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHERS' SONG. and seconded by Mr. Pitcairn, for his In “patient hope we labor, 1 Thess. i. 3. kindness in visiting the town on this To “break the fallow ground," Jer. ir. 3. occasion, to which Mr. Hartley replied;

And seeds of wisdom broadcast,
To scatter all around;

18. xxxii. 20. and with a vote of thanks to the Chair

For we “know not which shall prosper," man, the meeting was closed with the

That planted here or there, Doxology and prayer, by the Rev.J.Cox. Or whether both may flourish,

The visit of Mr. Hartley, it is anti- Our anxious hearts to cheer. Eccles. xi. 6. cipated, will have an important influ- Full oft we "go forth weeping," Ps. cxxvi. 6. ence on the schools in the town gene- For the hardness of the soil,

And the "tares," which, ever springing, rally, while it will tend to strengthen

Our earnest efforts foil; Malt, xii. 25, 26. the hands of the friends of the Ipswich

And oft-times we grow weary Union, and lead them to adopt further

Of the "burden and the heat," Matt. xx. 12. measures for the welfare and prosperity And are fain to leave our labor, of the various Sunday schools.

And seek a cool retreat!
Then we think of our "Example," John xiii.15.

Whose heart so large and true,

Yearning to raise the “many,"

Could only reach the “few.” Natl. vii. 14.
And we hear Him gently saying,

“ Cease not to watch and pray, KINDNESS.

And let your faith look onward

To a glorious harvest day:
Kindness hath a regal power

E'en now the fields are whitening;
In this beauteous world of ours,

See how the tall corn waves!
When dark storms of sorrow lour,

Ye shall thrust in the sickle,'
Or in pleasure's brightest hours :

And gather many sheaves !" John is. 35. 36.
Like fair spring, so bright and cheery,
O'er the earth its verdure flings,

So we praise Him and take courage
Kindness to the lone and weary,

To begin our work anew,
Joy and gladness often brings.

Resolving not to quit the field

While aught remains to do ;

We wish for rest no longer,
As the genial summer shower

Till our task is fairly done,
Irrigates the parched earth,
Like the dew-drop in the flower,

Nor seek a "gourd" to shelter
Kindness heightens modest worth:

From the scorching noon-tide sun ;
For our errors kindness ever,

But we stand in closer union
Hath an antidote sublime;

The one beside the other,
With harsh words the heart will never Exhorting and encouraging
Melt until the end of time.

Each his faint-hearted brother. Hcb. X. 24,

Aye, as we labor, praying
Kindness, beauty hath and splendour,

For the refreshing rain,

Joel ii. 23.
Like the gorgeous evening glow,

Which can impart vitality,
As the sun with glances tender,

To the newly-planted grain ! 1 Cor. lii. 7.
Smiles on all the world below;
Kindness like some heavenly spirit,

Oh, the longest day and wear iest
Breathes gladness in the darkest hour ;

Will seem but very short, [Heb. iv. 9.
Like the luscious dew-drop's visit,

When we look back, from future "rest,"
To the little drooping flower.

On all that we have wrought;

And the blessedness" of their reward,
Let us not forget that kindness

Let none of us contemn,
Much of evil will remove,

Who "rest from all their labors,
Let us not with mental blindness,

“And their works do follow them !" Rev.xiv.13. With an angry word reprove;


P. S. S.


By the Rev. John Nelson Goulty, of Brighton. SUNDAY school instruction is a variety in education, which sprang up in this country about the year 1780 and 1781, the seed of which has been scattered in every direction at home, transplanted into other lands, and proved to be adapted to every clime. A plant, so much and 50 generally admired, presenting so beautiful a sight to the eye, and producing fruit so grateful to the pious taste ; affording to the mind such valuable excitement, and filling the heart with such holy satisfaction, ought, indeed, to be cherished, cultivated, and propagated, with the utmost care and skill.

Sunday schools properly consist of two general orders of scholars.

Ist. Those who require to be taught to read and reverence the Bible, to observe the Lord's day, and to be disciplined to social order and religious habits, as the basis of personal character.

2nd. Those who, having learnt these first principles, require to be occupied and interested in all that relates to the carrying out, and carrying on, of a work so well begun.

The first of the orders are plants that have sprung up in the wilderness; the other, those that have had some cultivation, and are too often left to wander, exposed to every temptation and danger, at the very period of life which is most interesting and hazardous. Too old, or too big, to be any longer ranked as children, and not having sufficient motive, or sufficient material, for the office of teacher, they are tempted by pride, or permitted, for want of suitable occupation, to steal

away into the world, where they soon imbibe its spirit, and fall a prey to its devices. Alas ! how many, who once bid fair for the kingdom of God, have, at this door, been let out of the fold, and never returned !

These observations will go far towards assisting us to determine the qualifications of Sunday school teachers. In considering these qualifications, it is proper to notice objects in view. These respect the mind, the soul, and the moral destiny of man.

Every one of our species claims to be considered, and to be treated, as possessing a mind. However true it is, that man is thus elevated above the brutes that perish, it is one of the important effects of education, to make young people feel that they are endowed with mind. Man possesses capabilities of mental exercise, with as much call for suitable cultivation, as his bodily frame calls for discipline and care. There is no part of the frame-work of man which is to be considered as unnecessary; and it is only depravity, that, in any instance, has suggested the suspicion of incapacity, or induced the tyranny, that


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